Related topics: climate change · northern hemisphere

Earth just had its hottest September on record

Unprecedented heat around the world vaulted September 2020 to the hottest September since 1880, according to scientists at NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information.

Major wind-driven ocean currents are shifting toward the poles

The severe droughts in the USA and Australia are the first sign that the tropics, and their warm temperatures, are apparently expanding in the wake of climate change. But until now, scientists have been unable to conclusively ...

Indian monsoon can be predicted better after volcanic eruptions

Large volcanic eruptions can help to forecast monsoons over India. This seasonal rainfall is key for the country's agriculture and thus for feeding 1 billion people. As erratic as they are, volcanic eruptions improve the ...

Pristine environments offer a window to our cloudy past

A new study uses satellite data over the Southern Hemisphere to understand global cloud composition during the industrial revolution. This research tackles one of the largest uncertainties in today's climate models—the ...

Mapping the solar system: from the moon to Bennu

As NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft prepares to briefly touch down and collect a sample from the asteroid Bennu in October, the mission's science team, led by the University of Arizona, has worked meticulously to create the highest ...

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Southern Hemisphere

Coordinates: 45°0′0″S 0°0′0″E / 45°S 0°E / -45; 0

The Southern Hemisphere is the half of a planet that is south of the equator—the word hemisphere (from the greek word σφαιρα (sphere) +ημι(half)) literally means 'half ball'. It is also that half of the celestial sphere south of the celestial equator.

Earth's southern hemisphere contains all or parts of four continents (Antarctica, Australia, parts of South America and parts of Africa), four oceans (South Atlantic, Indian, South Pacific, and Southern) and most of Oceania. Several islands off the Asian continental mainland are also in the Southern Hemisphere. Due to the tilt of Earth's rotation relative to the Sun and the ecliptic plane, summer is December 21 to March 21 and winter is June 21 to September 21. September 22 is the vernal equinox and March 21 is the autumnal equinox.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA