Green with rage: Women climate change leaders face online attacks

Green with rage: Women climate change leaders face online attacks
In August 2018, outside the Swedish parliament building, Greta Thunberg started a school strike for the climate. Her sign reads, “Skolstrejk för klimatet,” meaning, “school strike for climate”. Anders Hellberg Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

Women leaders who support climate action are being attacked online with increasing regularity. These attacks should be viewed as a problem not only for the planet, but also to the goals of achieving gender equality and more inclusive, democratic politics.

Catherine McKenna, Canada's environment and change minister, recently announced that she's had to hire security to protect herself and her family while in public. With an election now on, it's likely she'll face further abuse in the weeks to come.

McKenna hired security after she was out with her children and a driver rolled down his window and shouted: "F-k you, Climate Barbie." This sexist taunt was popularized by Conservative MP Gerry Ritz, who once used the slur in reference to McKenna on Twitter.

It resulted in a tsunami of #Climatebarbie hashtags and variations of the slur ever since. Ritz has since apologized and deleted the original tweet.

A worldwide problem

Unfortunately, vitriol directed at who support is becoming more frequent in Canada and beyond.

Maxime Bernier, leader of the Peoples' Party of Canada, recently tweeted at 16-year-old activist Greta Thunberg, calling her: "…clearly mentally unstable. Not only autistic, but obsessive-compulsive, eating disorder, depression and lethargy, and she lives in a constant state of fear."

Other "green" leaders have spoken out about the sexism they have experienced, including Green Party Leader Elizabeth May, Tzeporah Berman from Stand.Earth and Catherine Abreu from the Climate Action Network.

Following the proposal of the New Green Deal by U.S. congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, critics attacked her intelligence and her personal and professional background. National Review writer Charles Cooke referred to her as an "unmarried, childless bartender" who "somehow has the temerity to fancy herself a congressional representative." He claimed the New Green Deal she supports is: " …an untrammeled Dear Santa letter without form, purpose, borders, or basis in reality."

When New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern spoke about climate change, an Australian "shock jock" broadcaster said someone should "shove a sock down [her] throat."

Nothing new

Violence and threats of violence against women leaders are certainly not new. According to research by Rutgers University professor Mona Lena Krook and University of Florida professor Juliana Restrepo Sanỉn, women in politics experience violence, sexism and sexual harassment because of the threat they pose working in a male-dominated field.

Sexist attacks and threats of violence therefore serve to discredit women's ideas and delegitimize their power, with the ultimate goal of excluding them from the public sphere.

Other research shows that the higher their position of power, the more threatening women become.

Although male politicians are also attacked online, recent research in the United Kingdom reveals that the effects of online attacks are particularly difficult for women politicians to deal with. That's because women MPs are more likely to fear for their safety compared to their male colleagues.

Attacks against women climate leaders specifically can be further explained by the relationship between misogyny and climate denialism.

Misogyny at work

Unlike sexism, an ideology that promotes patriarchal social relations, misogyny is an enforcement mechanism that seeks to punish women who challenge the traditional patriarchal order, according to Cornell University professor Kate Manne.

Climate denialism has also been linked to traditional assumptions of masculinity. Research shows that climate deniers are more likely to adhere to older forms of industrial modern masculinity that helped to push society towards "industrialization, mechanism and capitalism."

Accordingly, some climate deniers prefer this older form of masculinity over a newer "eco-modern masculinity" of care and compassion for the environment.

A 2019 study found that some men will avoid certain environmental actions, such as recycling or using reusable shopping bags, in order to maintain "an outward-facing heterosexual identity."

These versions of heterosexual masculinity appear to be predicated upon the domination and exploitation, rather than the preservation, of the environment.

A double threat

Women leaders who promote climate policies are therefore doubly threatening to those who hold misogynistic attitudes. First, simply by being women in a powerful position and, second, by espousing policies that directly challenge traditional norms of masculinity.

"Green rage" directed at women climate leaders thus serves the function of safeguarding male dominance by punishing women who challenge the patriarchal social order. The result is a toxic brew of masculinity directed at women climate leaders by way of sexist attacks and threats of violence.

Social media reactions to McKenna's announcement that she now requires security for her and her family reveal how deeply embedded misogynistic attitudes are about women today.

After she tweeted about how difficult it is for women working on climate issues, some tweeters expressed support and sympathy. But many others denied that gender played a role in the attacks against her. Others continued to degrade her with sexist language, using hashtags #hypocriteBarbie and, once again, #climateBarbie.

Canadians go to the polls soon and the climate crisis is bound to be a heated campaign issue in the weeks to come.

Understanding the complex and challenging terrain women leaders must navigate is an important requirement of an informed electorate.

While some women politicians like McKenna have attempted to tackle head on the problem of online attacks against them, it should not be left to women alone to combat this issue. Dismantling patriarchal assumptions about gender is not just good for women, it is also good for men—and for the planet.


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Sep 13, 2019
There are no leaders in a call for "climate action". Those who claim to care about "global warming" don't.
Those who care have common traits. They don't settle for an "official story" explanation! They involve themselves. They can come up with their own ideas, even to questioning the "official" explanation! They are willing to look to alternate explanations, even just to see if they work. And they certainly don't accept specious dodges as "proof" an alternate explanation is "wrong"!
The fact is, it's chemtrails, the government project of doping the air with weather modification chemical, producing long, non dissipating vapor lanes in the sky that stretch from one horizon to the other and can last for a hour or more, that are causing the aberrant behavior of the atmosphere, not "fossil fuels"! If government stopped the project, conditions would return to where they were in 1950.
But those who claim to care won't consider chemtrails, they won't discuss them,

Sep 14, 2019
Go on then, jupe-

Please honor us with citations of peer-reviewed research in support of your chemtrails claim.

By the way -let me be the first to admire the tint of chemtrail lipstick when you've applied it to the snout of the AGW Denial pig.

Sep 14, 2019
screw chemtrails , this article is good news

Sep 14, 2019
They oughtta try posting here for a week. I been accused of being gay on about a weekly basis. These assholes will say anything to try to shut people up. They're disgusting and it's no surprise they're being disgusting to women too. I wouldn't frame this as a misogynistic issue. It's not. It's just the same shit they've been ladling out to anyone who opposes them.

Sep 14, 2019
Too right, DaS-

The Right's trollarmy simply utilizes another toolkit --the "WimmenRBad" set-- in their ongoing effort to derail any conversation around AGW.

It's the same toolkit employed by them to silence any female voices which oppose the nakedly patriarchal Right.

To me, at least, this is so obvious as to go without saying, so I didn't include it in my earlier comment.

I should have.

Thanks for correcting the omission.

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