Forensic examiners are in danger of missing evidence in low-light environments, according to new research

Forensic examiners are in danger of missing evidence in low-light environments, according to new research
Credit: Loughborough University

Forensic examiners are in danger of missing evidence in low-light environments if their vision has not fully adapted to the dark, a new study has found.

Researchers at Loughborough University have found that people misread letters and numbers and missed other pieces of information when asked to identify fluorescent marks (mimicking fingerprints) in a dark room.

When the same participants allowed their eyes to adapt to the environment, they were able to see an average of 16 percent more accurately.

The lead author of the study Beth McMurchie, a Ph.D. chemistry student, said: "The aim of the trial was to establish whether there was a need for to be dark adapting their eyes prior to looking for fluorescent , such as fingerprints or blood stains, in the dark.

"As your brain attempts to understand the surroundings your vision remains blurred and it's difficult to define shapes and colors.

"However, the better adapted you are to the dark the more accurately your brain will process the information it's receiving from your eyes.

"There were 50 participants taking part in this study and the results show that, on average, they were able to see 16 percent more evidence after dark adapting and were also able to identify the fluorescent marks more accurately."

Forensic examiners are in danger of missing evidence in low-light environments, according to new research
Images that the participants were shown in a darkened room during the study. Credit: Loughborough University

The group of 31 men and 19 women were asked to sit in a chair in a dark room and immediately read out loud all the letters, numbers and patterns they could see printed in front of them on two A4 sheets.

After that, they left the room for three minutes, before returning to the same seated position and using a special device to measure dark adaptation.

Once their eyes were adjusted, which took an average of 10 minutes, they read the two sample sheets again.

The results were published in the journal Science and Justice.

Beth also presented her findings at the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences conference last week, where it was announced that she had won the Haque & Bose Award for 2019 for her work.

She said: "I had a great time at the CSFS fingerprint division conference and was very honored to have been awarded the Haque and Bose prize."

Beth has also published an earlier paper on the dark adaptation phenomenon: "Finding evidence in the dark: utilization of inkjet-printed amino acids."


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More information: Beth McMurchie et al. The importance of dark adaptation for forensic examinations; an evaluation of the Crime-lite Eye, Science & Justice (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.scijus.2018.10.006

Beth McMurchie et al. Finding evidence in the dark: utilization of inkjet-printed amino acids, Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences (2019). DOI: 10.1080/00450618.2019.1571108

Citation: Forensic examiners are in danger of missing evidence in low-light environments, according to new research (2019, May 24) retrieved 15 October 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-forensic-danger-evidence-low-light-environments.html
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