Team finds oldest weapons ever discovered in North America

October 24, 2018 by Keith Randall, Texas A&M University
A 15,000 year old stemmed point. Credit: Texas A&M University

Texas A&M University researchers have discovered what are believed to be the oldest weapons ever found in North America: ancient spear points that are 15,500 years old. The findings raise new questions about the settlement of early peoples on the continent.

Michael Waters, distinguished professor of anthropology and director of the Center for the Study of the First Americans at Texas A&M, and colleagues from Baylor University and the University of Texas have had their work published in the current issue of Science Advances.

The team found the numerous weapons – about 3-4 inches long – while digging at what has been termed the Debra L. Friedkin site, named for the family who owns the land about 40 miles northwest of Austin in Central Texas. The site has undergone extensive archaeological work for the past 12 years.

Spear points made of chert and other tools were discovered under several feet of sediment that dating revealed to be 15,500 years old, and pre-date Clovis, who for decades were believed to be the first people to enter the Americas.

"There is no doubt these weapons were used for hunting game in the area at that time," Waters said. "The discovery is significant because almost all pre-Clovis sites have stone tools, but spear points have yet to be found. These points were found under a layer with Clovis and Folsom projectile points. Clovis is dated to 13,000 to 12,700 years ago and Folsom after that. The dream has always been to find diagnostic artifacts – such as projectile points – that can be recognized as older than Clovis and this is what we have at the Friedkin site."

Clovis is the name given to the distinctive tools made by people starting around 13,000 years ago. The Clovis people invented the "Clovis point," a spear-shaped made of stone that is found in Texas and parts of the United States and northern Mexico and the weapons were made to hunt animals, including mammoths and mastodons, from 13,000 to 12,700 years ago.

"The findings expand our understanding of the earliest people to explore and settle North America," Waters said. "The peopling of the Americas during the end of the last Ice Age was a complex process and this complexity is seen in their genetic record. Now we are starting to see this complexity mirrored in the archaeological record."

Explore further: Gault site research pushes back date of earliest North Americans

More information: Michael R. Waters et al. Pre-Clovis projectile points at the Debra L. Friedkin site, Texas—Implications for the Late Pleistocene peopling of the Americas, Science Advances (2018). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat4505

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1 / 5 (3) Oct 25, 2018
omg !! this article is wrong !!
Thousands of these have been found.
Talk to Dennis Stamford at Smithsonian.
These have been known for 30 Years !!!!!!
What is Texas A&M doing ???
2 / 5 (1) Oct 25, 2018
KIR, you are confusing what is claimed and what is proven. Tons of arrowheads and sprearpoints and other weapon and tool remnants have been discovered over the last couple of hundred
and amateur-amateurs
and thieving collectors
and racist religious nut-cases
and fieldhands
and gardeners
and kids playing in the mud.

However, this article is specifically detailing an in-depth, multi-discipline excavation of the Debra L. Friedkin site. With the latest technology and scientific methods.

As different as you slapping a band-aide on a kid's boo-boo. And what you would experience being prepped for major surgery.

It would be a memorable vacation and educational experience for you.
Volunteering to work at a modern archeological dig.
not rated yet Oct 25, 2018
Excellent work! Interested to hear authors or other experts opinions on the differences in charts A & B in Figure 4 of the published work. Do the differences in "All debitage" vs "Formal and Informal tools" indicate anything about the flow of cultures/societies living in the BCC?
1 / 5 (2) Oct 26, 2018
Talk to Dennis Stamford at Smithsonian.

That seems irrelevant, it looks like a social science cultural anthropologist [ https://anthropol...ions.htm ], not a science paleontologist. And I cannot find that he has produced anything on tools at all.

Never mind that it is a recent and surprising find, how could it then be "wrong" because of putative older, numerous finds?

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