People living in areas of wealth disparity are more sympathetic to disability, says research

September 13, 2018 by Tony Trueman, British Sociological Association
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

People living in areas where there is a large gap between rich and poor are more likely to be sympathetic to disability benefit claimants, research shows.

And in those areas poorer people are more supportive, a British Sociological Association conference in Belfast heard today [Wednesday, 12 September 2018].

Four researchers at Queen's University Belfast analysed survey data on 2,387 people aged 50 and over in England, including their responses to accounts of disabilities experienced by fictional people.

The survey asked people to rate how limited were in the amount of work they could do, based on statements such as "Elizabeth has almost constant pain in her back and this sometimes prevents her from doing her work" and "Jennifer has undergone triple bypass heart surgery. She is a heavy smoker and still experiences severe chest pain sometimes."

One of four researchers, Dr. Rossella Ciccia, told the Work, Employment and Society event: "With higher wealth inequalities, people are more likely to empathise with and feel a moral obligation towards disabled people because people instinctively dislike and they also become increasingly aware of the structural causes behind disablement and ill health."

This was particularly the case in areas of obvious wealth disparity, such as Westminster, where "household wealth takes the form of real assets, particularly property and other forms of physical wealth, such as cars and boats, which are clearly observable," said Dr. Ciccia.

"Our findings show that the high levels of economic inequality in the UK have not eroded support for disabled people. At almost all levels of work disability, we see that individuals in areas of high wealth inequality tend to rate the vignettes as having a higher level of disablement.

"In the last decades the social rights of disabled people have been increasingly reshaped and contested. This, in turn, reflects discourses depicting disabled people as unemployed rather than truly incapacitated, or worst as welfare scroungers and cheats. Our findings demonstrate that the public clearly perceives the work limitations and barriers that disabled people face."

The researchers found that the probability of considering the vignettes highly work- limited rose by up to 7 percent as wealth inequality moved from the lowest to the highest possible.

The researchers also found that the wealthier interviewees were slightly less sympathetic to the statements than were poorer ones.

"Wealthy individuals rate the vignettes as less work disabled but to a lesser degree in areas of high ," said Dr. Ciccia.

"Self-interest has been shown to be major determinants of welfare attitudes, with those on higher incomes less likely to be concerned with inequalities as they have most to lose economically from government intervention."

However, they were more likely to be empathetic if they were living in areas of obvious disparity.

Explore further: Redistribution of wealth could boost consumption rate

Related Stories

Natural disasters widen racial wealth gap

August 20, 2018

Damage caused by natural disasters and recovery efforts launched in their aftermaths have increased wealth inequality between races in the United States, according to new research from Rice University and the University of ...

Risk of disability rises in states with income inequality

November 13, 2007

A massive survey conducted by researchers at the University of Toronto reveals Americans living in states with high rates of income inequality are significantly more likely to have a disability that limits the completion ...

Recommended for you

Light-based production of drug-discovery molecules

February 18, 2019

Photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells are widely studied for the conversion of solar energy into chemical fuels. They use photocathodes and photoanodes to "split" water into hydrogen and oxygen respectively. PEC cells can work ...

Solid-state catalysis: Fluctuations clear the way

February 18, 2019

The use of efficient catalytic agents is what makes many technical procedures feasible in the first place. Indeed, synthesis of more than 80 percent of the products generated in the chemical industry requires the input of ...

Engineered metasurfaces reflect waves in unusual directions

February 18, 2019

In our daily lives, we can find many examples of manipulation of reflected waves, such as mirrors, or reflective surfaces for sound that improve auditorium acoustics. When a wave impinges on a reflective surface with a certain ...

Design principles for peroxidase-mimicking nanozymes

February 18, 2019

Nanozymes, enzyme-like catalytic nanomaterials, are considered to be the next generation of enzyme mimics because they not only overcome natural enzymes' intrinsic limitations, but also possess unique properties in comparison ...

Sound waves let quantum systems 'talk' to one another

February 18, 2019

Researchers at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory have invented an innovative way for different types of quantum technology to "talk" to each other using sound. The study, published Feb. 11 in Nature ...


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.