People living in areas of wealth disparity are more sympathetic to disability, says research

September 13, 2018 by Tony Trueman, British Sociological Association
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

People living in areas where there is a large gap between rich and poor are more likely to be sympathetic to disability benefit claimants, research shows.

And in those areas poorer people are more supportive, a British Sociological Association conference in Belfast heard today [Wednesday, 12 September 2018].

Four researchers at Queen's University Belfast analysed survey data on 2,387 people aged 50 and over in England, including their responses to accounts of disabilities experienced by fictional people.

The survey asked people to rate how limited were in the amount of work they could do, based on statements such as "Elizabeth has almost constant pain in her back and this sometimes prevents her from doing her work" and "Jennifer has undergone triple bypass heart surgery. She is a heavy smoker and still experiences severe chest pain sometimes."

One of four researchers, Dr. Rossella Ciccia, told the Work, Employment and Society event: "With higher wealth inequalities, people are more likely to empathise with and feel a moral obligation towards disabled people because people instinctively dislike and they also become increasingly aware of the structural causes behind disablement and ill health."

This was particularly the case in areas of obvious wealth disparity, such as Westminster, where "household wealth takes the form of real assets, particularly property and other forms of physical wealth, such as cars and boats, which are clearly observable," said Dr. Ciccia.

"Our findings show that the high levels of economic inequality in the UK have not eroded support for disabled people. At almost all levels of work disability, we see that individuals in areas of high wealth inequality tend to rate the vignettes as having a higher level of disablement.

"In the last decades the social rights of disabled people have been increasingly reshaped and contested. This, in turn, reflects discourses depicting disabled people as unemployed rather than truly incapacitated, or worst as welfare scroungers and cheats. Our findings demonstrate that the public clearly perceives the work limitations and barriers that disabled people face."

The researchers found that the probability of considering the vignettes highly work- limited rose by up to 7 percent as wealth inequality moved from the lowest to the highest possible.

The researchers also found that the wealthier interviewees were slightly less sympathetic to the statements than were poorer ones.

"Wealthy individuals rate the vignettes as less work disabled but to a lesser degree in areas of high ," said Dr. Ciccia.

"Self-interest has been shown to be major determinants of welfare attitudes, with those on higher incomes less likely to be concerned with inequalities as they have most to lose economically from government intervention."

However, they were more likely to be empathetic if they were living in areas of obvious disparity.

Explore further: Redistribution of wealth could boost consumption rate

Related Stories

Natural disasters widen racial wealth gap

August 20, 2018

Damage caused by natural disasters and recovery efforts launched in their aftermaths have increased wealth inequality between races in the United States, according to new research from Rice University and the University of ...

Risk of disability rises in states with income inequality

November 13, 2007

A massive survey conducted by researchers at the University of Toronto reveals Americans living in states with high rates of income inequality are significantly more likely to have a disability that limits the completion ...

Recommended for you

Oldest-known aquatic reptiles probably spent time on land

September 19, 2018

The oldest known aquatic reptiles, the mesosaurs, probably spent part of their life on land, reveals a new study published in Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. The fossilized bones of adult Mesosaurus share similarities ...

Research shows SE Asian population boom 4,000 years ago

September 19, 2018

Researchers at The Australian National University (ANU) have uncovered a previously unconfirmed population boom across South East Asia that occurred 4,000 years ago, thanks to a new method for measuring prehistoric population ...

Searching for new bridge forms that can span further

September 19, 2018

Newly identified bridge forms could enable significantly longer bridge spans to be achieved in the future, potentially making a crossing over the Strait of Gibraltar, from the Iberian Peninsula to Morocco, feasible.


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.