Novel thermal phases of topological quantum matter in the lab

April 18, 2018, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Quantum circuit implemented on the IBM Quantum Experience platform in order to measure the topological Uhlmann phase. Credit: Oscar Oviyuela et al.

For the first time, a group of researchers from Universidad Complutense de Madrid, IBM, ETH Zurich, MIT and Harvard University have observed topological phases of matter of quantum states under the action of temperature or certain types of experimental imperfections. The experiment was conducted using quantum simulator at IBM.

Quantum simulators were first conjectured by the Nobel Prize laureate Richard Feynman in 1982. Ordinary classical computers are inefficient at simulating systems of interacting quantum particles These new simulators are genuinely quantum and can be controlled very precisely. They replicate other quantum systems that are harder to manipulate and whose physical properties remain very much unknown.

In an article published in the journal Quantum Information, the researchers describe using a with superconducting qubits at IBM to replicate materials known as topological insulators at finite temperature, and measure for the first time their topological quantum phases.

Topological phases of matter represent a very exciting and active field of research that is revolutionising the understanding of nature and material science. The study of these novel phases of matter has given rise to new materials such as , which behave as regular insulators in the bulk and as metals at the boundaries. These boundary electronic currents have polarised spin.

Since the discovery of , researchers have looked for innovative ways to maintain their properties at finite temperature. Previous theoretical works of the researchers at Universidad Complutense proposed a new topologial quantum phase, the Uhmann phase, to characterise these phases of matter in thermal systems. The Uhlmann phase allows researchers to generalise the of matter to systems with temperature.

The results represent the first measurement of topological quantum phases with temperature, and advance the synthesis and control of topological matter using quantum technologies. Among other applications, topological quantum matter could be used as hardware for future computers due to its intrinsic robustness against errors. The experimental results presented in this work show how these can also be robust against temperature effects.

Explore further: Physicists quantum simulate topological materials with ultracold atoms

More information: O. Viyuela et al, Observation of topological Uhlmann phases with superconducting qubits, npj Quantum Information (2018). DOI: 10.1038/s41534-017-0056-9

Related Stories

Key component to scale up quantum computing

November 28, 2017

A team at the University of Sydney and Microsoft, in collaboration with Stanford University in the US, has miniaturised a component that is essential for the scale-up of quantum computing. The work constitutes the first practical ...

Recommended for you

Researchers capture an image of negative capacitance in action

January 21, 2019

For the first time ever, an international team of researchers imaged the microscopic state of negative capacitance. This novel result provides researchers with fundamental, atomistic insight into the physics of negative capacitance, ...

Toward ultrafast spintronics

January 21, 2019

Electronics have advanced through continuous improvements in microprocessor technology since the 1960s. However, this process of refinement is projected to stall in the near future due to constraints imposed by the laws of ...

New thermoelectric material delivers record performance

January 17, 2019

Taking advantage of recent advances in using theoretical calculations to predict the properties of new materials, researchers reported Thursday the discovery of a new class of half-Heusler thermoelectric compounds, including ...


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.