Eurasian atmospheric circulation anomalies can persist from winter to the following spring
Surface air temperature (SAT) anomalies have pronounced impacts on agriculture, socioeconomic development, and people's daily lives. For example, the record-breaking hot summer over many parts of the Eurasia resulted in broad wildfires and serious economic losses. Many studies have demonstrated that atmospheric circulation anomalies play an important role in modulating the SAT variations. Hence, the persistent characteristics of the Eurasian atmospheric circulation anomalies are crucial for the seasonal prediction of the Eurasian SAT. A question is whether the Eurasian atmospheric circulation anomalies can persist from winter to the following spring.
Using observational data and atmospheric model simulation, scientists from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences reported that the dominant mode of winter Eurasian 500-hPa geopotential height anomalies could maintain to the following spring. The maintenance of the dominant atmospheric circulation anomaly pattern is associated with a triple sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly pattern in the North Atlantic that is sustained from winter to the subsequent spring. This triple SST anomaly pattern triggers an atmospheric wave train over the North Atlantic through Eurasia during winter through spring. Atmospheric model experiments verify the role of the triple SST anomaly in maintaining the Eurasian atmospheric circulation anomalies.
However, Prof. WU Renguang, the corresponding author of a recent study published in Journal of Climate, found that the connection between the Eurasian winter and spring atmospheric circulation anomalies was only significant after the early 1990s.
WU says, "This is because before the early 1990s, the SST anomalies related to the winter dominant mode only occur in the tropical North Atlantic during winter and they disappear during the following spring. Hence, the Eurasian winter atmospheric circulation anomalies cannot maintain to following spring before the early-1990s."