A call to report researcher gender to help with replication in research efforts

January 11, 2018 by Bob Yirka, Phys.org report
Flowchart identifying the key players responsible for policy changes within science. As shown, the initiation of a crisis can induce change through several mechanisms. Prominent among these are changes in policy recommendations from government funding sources, in addition to policy changes at journals, universities, and independent funding agencies. Credit: Science Advances (2018). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1701427

A trio of researchers at Uppsala University in Sweden is calling for a change in how researchers self-report in research papers. Specifically, they are suggesting publishing the gender of the researcher, because gender can impact the outcome of a research effort. In their Review paper published on the open access site Science Advances, Colin Chapman, Christian Benedict and Helgi Schiöth suggest that revealing gender as part of paper publication could improve the reproducibility problem.

According to the authors, there is a replication crisis in the work being done by researchers and documented in scientific journals. They note further that some research has uncovered the source of the problem, but there is still a lot of work to do. They believe one part of the problem is the failure of the to address the problem of gender impact on , particularly those involved in three areas of human research: mind, body and behavior. While the topic might sound sexist, or even perhaps a swipe at female researchers, the authors note that skewing can go both ways.

Prior research has shown, for example, that if a female researcher administers an IQ test to volunteers, the results will skew higher than if they are administered by a male researcher. There is also evidence indicating that male volunteers given a drug to test efficacy at pain reduction, will report less pain if the researchers administering the drug are female than if they are male. Similar discrepancies exist in problem solving and behavioral studies. And, the authors note, it is not all in our minds. Even lab animals have been found to respond differently to test medications or in behavioral studies depending on administration by male or female researchers.

For these reasons, the authors argue that the time has come for authors of to include the gender of the researchers as part of the information. That way, if another team wishes to replicate the results of an experiment, they might have better luck doing so. They even go so far as to suggest that journals that publish scientific papers require to be included as a standard part of research reporting.

Explore further: Increasing medical researcher gender diversity found to increase gender related factors in results

More information: Colin D. Chapman et al. Experimenter gender and replicability in science, Science Advances (2018). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1701427

Abstract
There is a replication crisis spreading through the annals of scientific inquiry. Although some work has been carried out to uncover the roots of this issue, much remains unanswered. With this in mind, this paper investigates how the gender of the experimenter may affect experimental findings. Clinical trials are regularly carried out without any report of the experimenter's gender and with dubious knowledge of its influence. Consequently, significant biases caused by the experimenter's gender may lead researchers to conclude that therapeutics or other interventions are either overtreating or undertreating a variety of conditions. Bearing this in mind, this policy paper emphasizes the importance of reporting and controlling for experimenter gender in future research. As backdrop, it explores what we know about the role of experimenter gender in influencing laboratory results, suggests possible mechanisms, and suggests future areas of inquiry.

Related Stories

'Macho men' skewing pain studies

November 16, 2017

Hyper masculine men, who exhibit traits such as competitiveness and aggressiveness, may be more likely to take part in pain research – and it could be skewing our understanding of how women and men experience pain differently.

Researchers find gender bias in sexual cannibalism papers

January 17, 2013

(Phys.org)—A trio of biologists, Liam Dougherty, Emily Burdfield-Steel and David Shuker from the U.K.'s University of St Andrews, School of Biology, have found that when researchers write papers that are published in scientific ...

Male mice found able to bias gender ratios of offspring

August 30, 2017

An international team of researchers has discovered that contrary to conventional views, a male mammal was found able to exert inadvertent gender bias ratios in his offspring. In their paper published in the journal Proceedings ...

New study highlights need to increase female peer reviewers

January 25, 2017

Publishers of scholarly journals should take additional steps to get more women to serve as peer reviewers of manuscripts, according to a new analysis by the American Geophysical Union showing women across all age groups ...

Recommended for you

Oldest evidence for animals found

October 15, 2018

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside, have found the oldest clue yet of animal life, dating back at least 100 million years before the famous Cambrian explosion of animal fossils.

2 comments

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

rrwillsj
1 / 5 (2) Jan 11, 2018
This sounds like a good idea but how do you convince a male-dominated society to go reform? "It is good to be the King!"

Or, as my wife put it. She accused me "You're a typical male. With one ear and two mouths!"

Research programs with an agenda, can go wrong in so many ways. This idea of reporting researchers genders could be easily abused.

Over the years I have talked to a number of women authors & other professionals about their use of initials, gender-neutral names & pseudonyms. As protective camouflage against male harassment, threats, sabotage & outright violence.

This is a cultural problem that all too many men refuse to acknowledge until our noses are publicly rubbed into our self-serving hypocrisy.

Back to the article. An issue that should concern all of us is repetition of research. I hold this is actually a good thing to verify & confirm results. When there are conflicting results? Time to step up our game & look deeper into our methodology.
moranity
1 / 5 (1) Jan 13, 2018
I'd like to see the study that shows that the gender of administrator effects the results of studies dealing with the effect of medication on animals. Does this effect occur even when the medication is delivered remotely with no direct contact between the administrator and recipient?

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.