Research finds entrenched hiring bias against African-Americans

September 13, 2017 by Hilary Hurd Anyaso
Credit: Northwestern University

The jobless rate for African-Americans persists regardless of their level of educational attainment, when compared with whites. Racial discrimination factors into company decisions, resulting in racial gaps in the labor force—these were the focus of two recent news articles.

In a new Northwestern University meta-analysis, the largest and most comprehensive of its kind, researchers aiming to assess trends in hiring in America against African-Americans and Latinos found no change in rates of discrimination against African-Americans in field experiments of hiring from 1990 to 2015.

"It is often suggested that prejudice and discrimination are fading out over time through a gradual process of liberalization of attitudes," said Lincoln Quillian, senior author of the study and professor of sociology in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences at Northwestern. "But we found striking stability in discrimination against African- Americans."

The researchers found some evidence that discrimination declined during this period for Latinos, although the small number of field experiments including Latinos means the trend results are not highly certain.

Quillian said the analysis was important to understanding the sources of , especially in employment, and to generally understand the changing status of race in American society. They realized that this could be investigated by putting together data from field experiments of hiring discrimination, which provides a much more valid method to assess discrimination than the much more indirect methods that others have used.

He said it was striking and depressing to find a lack of change in rates of hiring discrimination over a 25-year period.

"During this time, the country saw some favorable racial trends, like declining black-white test score gaps, slow declines in racial residential segregation and the election of the country's first black president," said Quillian, a faculty fellow with the University's Institute for Policy Research. "But whites received on average 36 percent more callbacks to interview than African-Americans with equal job qualifications, and we found no evidence that this level of discrimination had changed."

Quillian said the support for the principle of equal treatment regardless of race has increased, and explicit prejudice has declined, but other measures of more subtle racial biases had not shown similar change.

"Our results are consistent with the idea that the subtler racial biases are important for hiring discrimination," Quillian said. "The results suggest we need to realize direct discrimination on the basis of race in hiring still exists and is something that the country needs to confront."

The results support the need for efforts to enforce anti-discrimination laws and suggest a continued need for compensatory policies like affirmative action in hiring, Quillian said, adding that he and his co-authors are writing other papers based on meta-analyzing discrimination in hiring. One analysis puts the U.S. in international context by comparing rates of hiring discrimination between the U.S. and Europe.

"Meta-analysis of shows no change in racial discrimination in hiring over time" published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) Sept. 12.

Explore further: Prejudice against black and ethnic Scots widespread

More information: "Meta-analysis of field experiments shows no change in racial discrimination in hiring over time," by Lincoln Quillian et al. www.pnas.org/content/early/201 … /1706255114.abstract

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11 comments

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zorro6204
4.1 / 5 (7) Sep 13, 2017
I don't doubt there would be a built-in bias against blacks of any status by business, not because those responsible have any negative feelings against the type of person they would hire, but due to the overwhelming taint created by the culture. Music celebrating lawlessness, sexism and racism, outrageous dress and language, the overwhelming crime statistics, blacks live under the shadow of their fellow people. Until business success is something that's appreciated in the black community, rather than being the sign of a sellout to white culture, that taint will remain.
Turgent
not rated yet Sep 13, 2017
Someone will always have some bias toward someone regarding ethnicity, religion, etc.; deal with it. Americans aren't racist. There is strong demand for qualified people to fill jobs, like welders, soldiers, truck drivers, technicians, and much more. It's tough if you have to start at a minimum wage job. Life is a bitch. Employers are schooling the uneducated masses the situation is so bad. Depending on location, age group, type job, etc. ½ to ¼ can't get past the drug test, or as with the Army basis reading and math skills. Many can't do basic math. Businessmen don't buy into discrimination because it is non-competitive. Furthermore the Fed has its boot on the throat of business to meet its Equal Opportunity quota.
Turgent
not rated yet Sep 13, 2017

Cont.

This paper does not address the Teachers Unions crime of depriving ethic, mostly Black and Hispanic, children of an education. A local employer has a choice of applicants from high school A and B. High school A wins because the employer knows B comes from shite Teachers Union run high school B. Of course there is a racial correlation due to the Teachers Union criminal activity. If the applicant is from charter school B they win. Otherwise the employer a racist, crapola!

This study must have been funded by the Democrats in order to facilitate identity politics, Marxist class warfare, and victim mentality. Go Jesse Jackson and Reverend Sharpe.

These academicians' should try to run a fast food restaurant, then write up their experience. This is such heavy Bovine Secretion
Zzzzzzzz
5 / 5 (1) Sep 13, 2017
I don't doubt there would be a built-in bias against blacks of any status by business, not because those responsible have any negative feelings against the type of person they would hire, but due to the overwhelming taint created by the culture. Music celebrating lawlessness, sexism and racism, outrageous dress and language, the overwhelming crime statistics, blacks live under the shadow of their fellow people. Until business success is something that's appreciated in the black community, rather than being the sign of a sellout to white culture, that taint will remain.

Many "white" music genres have celebrated lawlessness over the years. Many "white" dress trends have been just as outrageous, if not more so. Crime statistics are inflated by the same set of biases, as are our interpretation of them, and are quite a complex subject.
Your entire response is a display of unfettered bias - a great illustration of the problem the article is talking about.
rrwillsj
1 / 5 (1) Sep 13, 2017
It is a shame watching the bigots humiliate themselves spewing self-serving justifications in their comments.

My father's family are reactionaries of a notoriously violent reputation. And from their view? Most of you so-called, self-proclaimed altright white supremacists ain't white enough for my kinfolk to tolerate having laying about like bug-ridden stumps.

As for denigrating the black folk? Much of the blame lies on the defective genes that were forced on black girls and women by generation after generation of white rapists.

After all, raping children is how the manly men of the "Lost Cause" prove their manhood.
zorro6204
not rated yet Sep 13, 2017
"Many "white" music genres have celebrated lawlessness"

No doubt . . . and then there's XXXTENTACION and your argument kind of falls apart.
billpress11
not rated yet Sep 13, 2017
While what this article points out has merit. A factor not mentioned here is the growing gap that the lower classes of all race have created on their own and that is the changes in their life styles and values. This is a big factor in closing them off to many service type jobs that are growing the fastest and deal directly with the public.
Eikka
not rated yet Sep 14, 2017
It's not a very strong argument, seeing that their results are due to four outlier studies that report vastly different outcomes (probably in error/bias) and forcing a linear trend on their data.

Different conclusions could be made.
NIPSZX
not rated yet Sep 15, 2017
They should factor in City of Atlanta strip clubs. That study would level out the scales greatly.
Turgent
not rated yet Sep 15, 2017
While not within the scope of this article it would be really interesting to see if or how the discrimination of Americans of Asian ancestry would stacks up? It is now well documented that the Ivy League Schools discriminate against Asians because they don't want the campus to be 98% Asia. In other words there is a new dynamic revealed in this discovery, might there be an unseen dynamic found if this wasn't a rehash or meta-data study?
rrwillsj
1 / 5 (1) Sep 16, 2017
urgent, you bring up a good point. It is a laugh-out-loud moment to realize that bigots hate melanin and XX chromosomes, claiming the bearers of such infirmities must be inferior.

Simultaneously expressing his bigotry against a multiple of Asian ethnicities cause they are just too competent and competitively able.

How else can the bigot sustain his whining that all the rest of us fail to appreciate the delusions of his self-proclaimed superiority?

Leaving an obvious gap between white supremacy claims to entitlement and special privileges. While having to face-up to the facts that they are lacking in the intellectual abilities needed to function in a modern society of diversity.

The commentator bigots are evidence that the 'Peter Principle' is a truism. They are qualified to join the the trumplestiltskin's WH staff of toadying cretins.

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