Does makeup make you feel smarter?

make up
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Does wearing makeup affect academic performance? The new study investigates the "Lipstick Effect" among college students.

Female students wearing makeup get higher grades than those not wearing makeup, a new study has found. The surprising results, published in Cogent Psychology, are the culmination of the first study into how is affected by the so-called "lipstick effect" – a psychological phenomenon in which wearing cosmetics can make an individual feel a sense of overall enhancement in self-esteem, attitude, and personality.

Cosmetics have a well-documented effect on wearers' psychology, in that the wearer feels more physically attractive and enjoys a consequent higher sense of self-esteem. But a less well-known of this boost in self-esteem is that cognitive abilities may also be influenced, in that they are improved by positive emotions. As psychologists have previously proved that can indeed improve academic performance, the authors of this paper set out to prove that makeup can directly improve academic performance.

To investigate, Rocco Palumbo of Harvard Medical School along with colleagues from the University of Chieti, Italy, devised a psychological experiment in which female undergraduates were sorted into groups and given a series of tests. The test comprised of answering multiple choice questions about a chapter from a general psychology textbook. Before each of the three groups took the test, they all undertook a different mood-influencing task. One applied makeup, another listened to "a positive music excerpt", and a third coloured a drawing of a human face. The hypothesis was that the makeup group would experience the greatest lift in positive feelings, and would therefore outperform the other two groups academically.

The study found a significant increase in cognitive performance from the group who listened to positive music however, as predicted, the makeup group performed the best. Test scores were significantly higher compared to those obtained after listening to positive music and therapeutic colouring. Makeup, it seems, really can improve academic .

The article, titled 'Does make you feel smarter? The "" extended to academic achievement,' is published in the open access journal Cogent Psychology.


Explore further

Cosmetics have little effect on attractiveness judgments compared with identity

More information: Rocco Palumbo et al. Does make-up make you feel smarter? The "lipstick effect" extended to academic achievement, Cogent Psychology (2017). DOI: 10.1080/23311908.2017.1327635
Provided by Taylor & Francis
Citation: Does makeup make you feel smarter? (2017, July 28) retrieved 19 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-07-makeup-smarter.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
209 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Jul 28, 2017
The desire for this effect may well contribute to some men's desire to wear make-up. In a similar way, females cutting their hair short and dressing in a masculine way may well enhance the feeling of strength.

In both cases, and in general, one's own resources, whether intelligence, leadership, physical strength, appear to be somewhat held back but become accessible under certain conditions and subjective feelings regarding self perception seems to be the trigger that releases these extra resources that the individual is usually unable to fully utilise.

A most prominent example of this phenomena is the athlete who can access even more physical resources when the crowd is cheering them on. The question is, "why couldn't they access that energy by their own desire alone"?

Jul 29, 2017
It would be interesting to compare with a sample of people with high enough confidence that their appearance does not significantly affect their self-esteem.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more