Research in Russia challenges widely held understanding of past climate history

UNLV study: Warming news from Russia
Author Jonathan Baker and colleagues examine stalagmite KC-1 prior to collection. This stalagmite, which was analyzed at UNLV and UNM, had grown for approximately 10,000 years. Credit: Petr Yakubson

Things are heating up in Russia. UNLV Geoscience Ph.D. student Jonathan Baker has found evidence that shows nearly continuous warming from the end of the last Ice Age to the present in the Ural Mountains in central Russia.

The research, which was published today in top geoscience journal Nature Geoscience, shows continual over the past 11,000 years, contradicting the current belief that northern hemisphere temperatures peaked 6,000 to 8,000 years ago and cooled until the pre-Industrial period.

Baker's research, done in conjunction with UNLV geoscientist Matthew Lachniet, Yemane Asmerom and Victor Polyak of the University of New Mexico, and Russian scientist Olga Chervyatsova, shows that winter temperature variations in continental Eurasia are warmer today than any time in the past 11,000 years.

This study contradicts previous work likely because those studies focused on summer temperature trends and not the more sensitive temperature variations that were not previously available, Baker said.

The new finding is based on precisely dated isotope record and supports computer models for Eurasia that predicted continual warming. The research showed that disappearing ice in the Arctic regions of North America controlled the as the Ice Age glaciers retreated. Later, rising , like carbon dioxide and methane, were likely responsible for the continued warming in the Ural Mountains.

The cave climate record has important implications for the future, Lachniet explained. "Because greenhouse gas concentrations are increasing at rates unprecedented for the past 800,000 years, human-caused warming will be superimposed on the 'natural' trend," he said.

Baker added, "Over the past century, winters in continental Eurasia warmed 70 times faster than during the previous 7,000 years, according to our record. At this pace, the warming will continue to pose severe and detrimental impacts throughout the region."

As modern temperatures are influenced in part by greenhouse gases, both summers and winters are expected to warm, whereas past temperatures in those seasons had opposing trajectories, Baker said.


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More information: Jonathan L. Baker et al, Holocene warming in western continental Eurasia driven by glacial retreat and greenhouse forcing, Nature Geoscience (2017). DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2953
Journal information: Nature Geoscience

Citation: Research in Russia challenges widely held understanding of past climate history (2017, May 22) retrieved 24 May 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-05-russia-widely-held-climate-history.html
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May 22, 2017
US Secretary of State Exxon's $500 BILLION deal for Russian oil sure can pay for a lot of challenges to climate science. After all, Exxon's been spending big on denying climate science for decades (even as it spends on fortifying itself for climate change it's causing). And KGBzar Putin's Russia has the biggest, bestest yuuge propaganda words for lies.

May 23, 2017
Earth so warm, it heats up ALL the planets. Such amazing Rothchilds information all from the power of their state sanctioned counterfeiting racquet. They are truly the chosen ones. Let us prey

May 23, 2017
You're a racist who can't even spell.

kochevnik:
Earth


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