A trap for bedbugs?

August 5, 2016 by Sean Nealon
A bedbug climbs on a shed skin of a bedbug. Credit: Dong-Hwan Choe/UC Riverside

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have discovered the shed skins of bedbugs retain the "obnoxious sweetness" smell often associated with the pests, a finding that could potentially be used to combat infestations of the insects.

Bedbugs shed their skins, known as exuviae, as they grow. Four pheromone compounds known as aldehydes are consistently found in the shed skins.

The UC Riverside researchers found that the shed skins retain those compounds in the glands and gradually dispense them over time. They also found that living bedbugs are likely to settle down in the vicinity of the shed skins by sensing these compounds.

The findings could have significant implications for pest management industries, which can use some of the chemical / mechanical characteristics of the bedbugs' shed skin to develop small, inexpensive monitor traps to catch living bedbugs at their early stages of infestation.

"This could be a key development in the search to find new methods to detect bedbugs," said Dong-Hwan Choe, an assistant professor of entomology and an assistant cooperative extension specialist.

'Aging' bedbug skins

Choe is the lead author of a paper, "Chemically Mediated Arrestment of the Bed Bug, Cimex lectularius, by Volatiles Associated with Exuviae of Conspecifics," published Tuesday (July 19) in the journal PLOS ONE.

Co-authors are Hoeun Park, a former undergraduate student who worked in Choe's lab; Claudia Vo, a current undergraduate student working in Choe's lab; and Alexander Knyshov, a graduate working with Christiane Weirauch, a UC Riverside professor of entomology.

A trap for bedbugs?
Various shed skins from bed bugs. Credit: Dong-Hawn Choe/UC Riverside

The experimental work outlined in the paper had two stages.

First, the researchers placed shed skins obtained from bedbugs at different points of their development in small vials. They then analyzed the airborne compounds in the vials and found that the four aldehydes of interest were consistently detected regardless of the developmental stage.

Second, they collected shed skins from bedbugs kept in the lab, divided them into three groups and "aged" them in the open air for either seven days, 45 days or 99 days.

Then they crushed the shed skins and analyzed them for the presence of the four aldehyde compounds. They found that the amounts of the aldehyde pheromones dropped as the aging period increased, but that even after 99 days the compounds were still present in the shed skins.

Bedbugs difficult to handle, even in the lab

The work had an interesting wrinkle in that researchers could not use carbon dioxide to temporarily knock out the bedbugs when they were handling them. Carbon dioxide gas, which is common in insect research, would have the bedbugs release the large amount of the aldehyde pheromones unnaturally, thus potentially skewing the findings, Choe said.

Instead, they handled active bedbugs.

"That created a level of anxiety," Choe said. "We didn't want to accidentally release any in the laboratory. But our students handled it well."

Explore further: Shed skins of bed bugs emit pheromones that could help combat infestations of the insect

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Shootist
not rated yet Aug 05, 2016
Diatomaceous Earth. Non-toxic, kills hard shelled arthropods on contact, 100% of the time.

DDT is a good bet against bedbugs as well. Too bad your masters say no to saving human suffering.
Code_Warrior
not rated yet Aug 05, 2016
Diatomaceous Earth. Non-toxic, kills hard shelled arthropods on contact, 100% of the time.

DDT is a good bet against bedbugs as well. Too bad your masters say no to saving human suffering.

My son picked up a some bedbugs from an infested house he visited and soon he had a small infestation in his room. We used a wallpaper steamer on every piece of furniture in his room as well as steaming the carpet around the perimeter and under the baseboards to instantly kill any that we found. We threw away his mattress and chair, and we puffed a very light amount of diatomaceous earth around the perimeter of the room, under all the baseboards, around all of the furniture, and into every electrical outlet and switch. The initial steaming killed most of them instantly, and the diatomaceous earth mopped up most of the rest. He was bite free for a couple of weeks, and then got bit again. We repeated the process each time he got bit and after the 3rd iteration he never got bit again.

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