With racial segregation declining between neighborhoods, segregation now taking new form

Recent research has shown that racial segregation in the U.S. is declining between neighborhoods, but a new study indicates that segregation is manifesting itself in other ways—not disappearing.

"We just can't get too excited by recent declines in neighborhood segregation," said lead author Daniel Lichter, the Ferris Family Professor in the Department of Policy Analysis and Management and a professor in the Department of Sociology at Cornell University. "The truth is neighborhood segregation still remains high in America, and our study also shows that segregation is increasingly occurring at different scales of geography."

While segregation from neighborhood to neighborhood is decreasing (micro-segregation) within , segregation from (e.g., towns, villages, and cities) to other suburban communities within the same metropolitan areas and from major metropolitan cities to their suburban communities is increasing (macro-segregation). In other words, instead of people of different races living in distinct neighborhoods in the same major metropolitan cities and suburban communities, these major cities and suburban communities are becoming increasingly racially homogenous.

"Let's look at the community of Ferguson, Missouri, for example," said Lichter, who is also the director of the Cornell Population Center. "Whites have left Ferguson, mostly for white suburban communities even farther from the urban core that is St. Louis. The racial composition of Ferguson went from about 25 percent black to 67 percent black in a 20 year period. Though one would be correct in saying that segregation decreased between neighborhoods in Ferguson, the change simply reflects massive white depopulation."

Titled, "Toward a New Macro-Segregation? Decomposing Segregation within and between Metropolitan Cities and Suburbs," the study appears in the August issue of the American Sociological Review. Lichter and his co-authors, Domenico Parisi, a professor of sociology and director of the National Strategic Planning & Analysis Research Center (nSPARC) at Mississippi State University, and Michael C. Taquino, an associate research professor and the deputy director of nSPARC, analyzed U.S. Census data from 1990-2010 and examined micro, macro, and total across 222 metropolitan areas.

"One of our major findings is that suburban communities are becoming more segregated from each other," Lichter said. "Cities and communities—not just neighborhoods—matter. Over the past decade or so, some suburban communities have become more racially diverse, even as whites have moved out to other growing suburbs farther from the city or have moved back to the city as part of the gentrification process. In the late 1970s, there was a famous study titled, 'Chocolate City, Vanilla Suburbs,' which highlighted that blacks generally lived in large cities while whites lived in suburban communities. Our study shows that minority population growth in the suburbs has fundamentally shifted historic patterns of residential segregation in this country."

Consistent with previous studies, Lichter found that the highest level of macro-segregation is between blacks and whites, the lowest is between Asians and whites, and the level between Hispanics and whites occupies an intermediate position.

"If is our measure, we have a long way to go before we are truly a post-racial society," said Lichter, who noted that suburban communities use housing, taxation, and zoning laws to include or exclude racial and ethnic minorities.

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Journal information: American Sociological Review

Citation: With racial segregation declining between neighborhoods, segregation now taking new form (2015, July 30) retrieved 22 September 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-07-racial-segregation-declining-neighborhoods.html
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Jul 30, 2015
Same thing is happening all over the western world. In India it's a class/caste thing with exactly the same kind of separation.

Jul 30, 2015
"Let's look at the community of Ferguson, Missouri, for example,"

Oh what a great example of sane people fleeing riots. This is not classic segregation. It is people that can afford safety moving to protect their families. And you know what it is beyond government control as it should be!!!!

Jul 30, 2015
It's simply people (whites and other blacks as well) acting with their own free-will to realities,... a natural reaction to which they are entitled.

This "study" is indicative of what happens when race-hustlers and the perpetual-victim industry interpretes raw data.

When the data actually shows less segagration, they stil have to find another way of fraudulently hosting the 'racism' charge,... despite that, unforced segagration of itself, DOES NOT logically imply racism on the part of whites.

The authors of the study a-priori assume that racism is the reason, and only then wrap a "study" around,... all the while deliberately ignoring statistics indicating proportionately high crime rate in the "segagrated" areas,.... IOW they purposely do not investigate WHY the free-choice segagration occurs.

It's not about race,... it's everything to do with degenerate culture and level of sophistication.

Jul 30, 2015
"There is nothing more painful to me … than to walk down the street and hear footsteps and start thinking about robbery, then look around and see somebody white and feel relieved." - Jesse Jackson

Why is it acceptable for Jesse Jackson to hold a Natural Reaction, but it would be "racist" for a white person to have the exact same natural reaction?

To a PC-liberals and race-hustlers, it's not the facts that matter, but merely the severity of the charge.

Aug 03, 2015
The author of the study is more concerned that his colleagues think of him as a good-white-liberal, than in seeking disinterested objective truth,...i.e. more for himself than the objective causes for the condition of minority communities.

PC-liberals and race-hustlers, ..... would rather that whites be responsible for the actions of their ancestors, than high-crime rate communities be responsible for their own children's actions.

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