Lime treatment tests crops and soil nutrients

Lime treatment tests crops and soil nutrients
DAFWA research officer Craig Scanlan in a soil pit at an experimental site in 2014. Credit: Liam Ryan

Applying lime to acidic soils may offer a way to improve crops yield and boost soil nutrient availability, according to research in the Wheatbelt.

The five-year $2.6million Department of Agriculture and Food WA and Grains Research and Development Corporation project aims to provide updated guidelines for croppers to reflect changes in .

Acidic soils inhibit plants' root growth and nutrient uptake.

Optimal pH levels, measured in a calcium chloride solution, are above 4.8 for subsurface soil and above 5.5 for topsoil, and maintaining soil pH is important for minimising production losses.

DAFWA principal research officers Craig Scanlan and Ross Brennan and technical officer Gavin Sarre began investigating interactions between soil pH levels, fertiliser applications, and grain yield response in July 2012.

Six long-term trial sites were established in Wongan Hills, Merredin, Goomalling and Dalwallinu, as well as Northam, northeast of Perth, and Doodlakine, east of Perth.

Lime treatments were applied at intervals of 0, 2.5 and 5 tonnes per hectare on the sites, which were left for three years to allow reaction and changes in soil pH to occur.

Researchers will conduct further plot trials over the growing season from April until harvest in November this year and next year before the project finishes in June 2017.

Lime treatment tests crops and soil nutrients
DAFWA research officer Craig Scanlan. Credit: Liam Ryan

Dr Brennan says they are primarily concerned with the effect of soil pH on soil supply and grain yield response of wheat to phosphorous fertiliser to provide updated management options for farmers.

"We examined the role of cultivation and the incorporation of lime on the sensitivity of grain yield to omitting nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and sulfur fertiliser," he says.

Preliminary results indicate reducing expenditure on fertiliser to help pay for the cost of lime and cultivation is feasible where the existing soil fertility is good.

"At our Dalwallinu site, we found that grain yield was less sensitive to reducing phosphorous fertiliser rates after incorporating lime compared to the no-till control," Dr Brennan says.

Their findings show a slight trend towards more efficient phosphorous fertiliser use in wheat for soils with pH levels above 6 compared with those with pH levels below 4.8.

Dr Brennan says this indicates farmers who invest in incorporating lime on can improve their yield potential and nutrient availability.

"However, there are risks associated with cultivation, such as wind erosion, which need to be included in the decision-making process," he says.


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More information: "Effect of soil pH and crop sequence on the response of wheat (Triticum aestivum) to phosphorus fertiliser." Crop and Pasture Science 66(1) 23-31 dx.doi.org/10.1071/CP14192
Provided by Science Network WA
Citation: Lime treatment tests crops and soil nutrients (2015, May 12) retrieved 25 June 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-05-lime-treatment-crops-soil-nutrients.html
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