Bacterial slime may be survivalist solution to catastrophic crop failure

November 20, 2014 by Danny Messinger, Michigan Technological University
Bacterial slime may be survivalist solution to catastrophic crop failure
We don't have to starve after a total crop failure--but it might take some getting used to.

If it were the end of the world as we know it, we'd be fine, according to Michigan Technological University professor Joshua Pearce.

"People have been doing catastrophic risk research for a while," says Pearce. "But most of what's been done is dark, apocalyptic and dismal. It hasn't provided any real solutions."

Even when looking at doomsday scenarios—like super-volcanoes, and nuclear winter—society's forecast isn't horrific. In fact, Pearce says life will still have a sunny outlook. His research is outlined in a new book, Feeding Everyone No Matter What, out this week.

Survivalist Solution

"We researched the worst cases and asked, 'is it possible to still everybody after a complete collapse of the agricultural system?'" he says. "All solutions until this book focused on food storage, the survivalist method of putting cans in closets. But for global catastrophes, you'd need at least five years of supplies—think bedroom size, not just a closet."

That big a stockpile just isn't possible globally, let alone in America, says Pearce. Families simply don't have enough money, and stockpiling would only raise food prices, causing more of the world's poor to starve.

Worry not, says Pearce. Even if the sun were blacked out for years at a time, killing all plants, we're still okay sans brimming bunkers of canned goods.

After looking at five crop-destroying catastrophes (sudden climate change, super-weeds, super-bacteria, super-pests and super-pathogens) and three sunlight-extinguishing events (super-volcano eruption, asteroid or comet impact, and nuclear winter), Pearce says we have a way to feed everyone on Earth for five years. That's enough time for the planet to recover, allowing a gradual return to the agricultural system we use today.

"We looked purely at technical viability—ignoring all the social issues that currently cause millions to go hungry and die every year," he says.

Swap the Big Mac for Bugs and Slime

So how do we feed billions of hungry mouths if there is no more sunshine or farming? Swap your Big Mac and fries for bacterial slime and a side of bugs, and you'll be okay.

"We came up with two primary classes of solutions," Pearce says. "We can convert existing fossil fuels to food by growing bacteria on top of it—then either eat the bacterial slime or feed it to rats and bugs and then eat them." The second (and easier) set of solutions uses partial rotting of woody plant fiber to either grow mushrooms or feed to insects, rats, cows, deer or chickens. "The trees are all dying from the lack of light anyway. If we use dead trees as an input, we can feed beetles or rats and then feed them to something else higher on the food chain," Pearce says. "Or just eat the bugs."

Of course, it would take some time to get such a new system established. In the interim, we could survive on fungi (mushrooms), bacteria and leaves. Tea steeped with pines from your front yard would provide a surprising amount of nutrition.

It wouldn't be a life devoid of little luxuries either, he says. "We could extract sugar from the bacterial slime and carbonate it for soda pop. We'd still have food scientists, too, who could make almost anything taste like bacon or tofurkey. It wouldn't be so bad."

Nuclear Winter and Climate Change

Pearce is confident we have the technical know how to get ourselves through almost any predictable catastrophe. Perhaps his most reassuring conclusion, though, is that the two most likely global catastrophes (nuclear winter and abrupt ) are the ones we have the most control over.

"We don't have to blow ourselves to smithereens if we don't want to," he jokes.

Pearce hopes his new book will help prevent the worst cases from actually happening and provide solutions to help people survive lesser catastrophes.

"The end of the book poses questions that we need to look at quickly," says Pearce. "We can feed everyone if we cooperate and do a little thinking ahead of time—not in the dark when everyone is screaming. Life could continue to go on normally. Just a little dimmer."

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teslaberry
2.5 / 5 (2) Nov 20, 2014
there is more than enough FOOD for probably 50 billion human beings.

lack of food isn't the problem. it's competition for advanced resources that defines the apocolyptic scenario and the the ensuing civilian violence/theft and military struggles that would define any major 'supply shock' .

in theory , many solutions are available to humanity. in practice, the dominant imperial socities comprising our current civilization would wind up desperately attempting to exert even more dominance during a historically unstable moment.

the fench revolution yielded to napoleonic empire. and imperial french armies fought outside of france continuously EVEN when the french were starving as a result of catastrophic governmetn policies and the reactionary chaos unleashed by the french revolution itself.

man's desire for dominance defines our past and future. the supply shocks are generally just excuse for our behavior. bacterial slime wont' make a difference in that environment.
DonGateley
5 / 5 (1) Nov 20, 2014
Assuming he is correct and their is an abundance, the real problem becomes deployment of the methodology before irreversible decline.
Jimee
not rated yet Nov 22, 2014
"Thinking ahead" and "cooperating" were the words that gave it away.
david_denkenberger
not rated yet Jan 14, 2015
I am the other co-author, David Denkenberger. Thanks for your comments. In the book, we do discuss the fact that there is currently enough food to feed everyone, but malnutrition results from economic and political factors. If the sun is blocked, without these food solutions, we would only have a few months of food supply, so if it is distributed equally, everyone would die. We show that it is technically possible to feed everyone with these alternate food supplies. But even with the economical and political realities, we would still be much better off with these food solutions than without.

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