NASA rover's images show laser flash on martian rock (w/ Video)

NASA rover's images show laser flash on martian rock
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

(Phys.org) —Flashes appear on a baseball-size Martian rock in a series of images taken Saturday, July 12 by the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera on the arm of NASA's Curiosity Mars Rover. The flashes occurred while the rover's Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument fired multiple laser shots to investigate the rock's composition.

ChemCam's laser has zapped more than 600 rock and soil targets on Mars since Curiosity landed in the planet's Gale Crater in August 2012.

"This is so exciting! The ChemCam laser has fired more than 150,000 times on Mars, but this is the first time we see the that is created," said ChemCam Deputy Principal Investigator Sylvestre Maurice, at the Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology, of France's National Center for Scientific Research and the University of Toulouse, France. "Each time the laser hits a target, the plasma light is caught and analyzed by ChemCam's spectrometers. What the new images add is confirmation that the size and shape of the spark are what we anticipated under Martian conditions."

Preliminary analysis of the ChemCam spectra from this target rock, appropriately named "Nova," indicates a composition rich in silicon, aluminum and sodium, beneath a dust layer poor in those elements. This is typical of rocks that Curiosity is encountering on its way toward Mount Sharp.

MAHLI Deputy Principal Investigator Aileen Yingst of the Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, Arizona, said, "One of the reasons we took these images is that they allow the ChemCam folks to compare the plume to those they imaged on Earth. Also, MAHLI has captured images of other activities of Curiosity, for documentation purposes, and this was an opportunity to document the in action."

NASA rover's images show laser flash on martian rock
A Martian target rock called "Nova," shown here, displayed an increasing concentration of aluminum as a series of laser shots from NASA's Curiosity Mars rover penetrated through dust on the rock's surface. This pattern is typical of many rocks examined with the rover's laser-firing ChemCam. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/LANL/CNES/IRAP/LPGNantes/CNRS/IAS


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Citation: NASA rover's images show laser flash on martian rock (w/ Video) (2014, July 17) retrieved 23 September 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-07-nasa-rover-images-laser-martian.html
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Jul 17, 2014
They've made a distinct left turn away from their planned path and appear to be headed directly for the mountain, probably because of the deteriorating condition of the wheels.
http://marsmobile...full.jpg
http://www.planet...map.html

-Although the area they're heading for appears to be very rugged. Perhaps they plan on traveling over sand dunes instead of rock?
http://marsmobile...lide=691

-It's fun to watch the map vs the pics and try to figure out where they're going next.

Aug 01, 2014
Pěkné i zajímavé, jdeme mílovými Kroky v před _!

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