Video: Harvesting fresh water from fog

May 14, 2014 by John Freidah, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Screenshot from the video, "Harvesting Fresh Water from Fog"

Researchers at MIT's School of Engineering, working with colleagues at the Pontificial University of Chile in Santiago, are harvesting potable water from the coastal fog that forms on the edge of one of the driest regions on Earth.

Using a simple system of suspended structures, placed on hilltops in areas with persistent and prevailing , local Chilean communities collect fog water for drinking and agricultural use.

Fog-collecting technology is still in its infancy. But lab experiments have shown that variations in the mesh spacing, as well as the size and the wettability of the mesh fibers, all affect the volume of water that can be collected each day. Through engineering analysis and optimization of the mesh geometry and its surface chemistry, the team—which includes MIT professor of mechanical engineering Gareth McKinley—has been able to increase the fog-collecting efficiency of existing designs by 500 percent.

Researchers at MIT's School of Engineering, working with colleagues at the Pontificial University of Chile in Santiago, are harvesting potable water from the coastal fog that forms on the edge of one of the driest regions on Earth. Credit: John Freidah/Department of Mechanical Engineering

The technology holds great promise as a locally deployable and scalable alternative to other energy-intensive desalination technologies. Mesh-based fog harvesters are passive, inexpensive to fabricate, with almost no operating costs, and can be deployed in similar environments throughout the world.

Explore further: Fog harvesting: How to get fresh water out of thin air

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