Deep divisions as climate talks enter final stretch

November 21, 2013
Smothers from cooling towers of the coal-fired power plant of Scholven in Gelsenkirchen, western Germany on January 16, 2012

UN climate talks enter their penultimate day in Warsaw on Thursday with divisions deeply entrenched between rich and poor nations on who must do what to curb planet warming.

As UN chief Ban Ki-moon called Wednesday for "much bolder" action to stave off an existential peril, the two sides squabbled over funding for poor nations to deal with climate change, and apportioning targets for curbing atmosphere-polluting .

"Climate change is the greatest single threat to peace, prosperity and ," Ban told squabbling negotiators in the Polish capital.

Dozens of ministers attended a special meeting on finance on Wednesday, as work continued laboriously in other rooms late into the night on a global pact that must be sealed by the end of 2015.

The deal must roll back to limit climate damage for future generations, and bolster poor countries exposed to worsening storms, floods, droughts and rising seas.

Some observers and delegates say the talks are badly deadlocked, particularly over money.

Developing nations are challenging wealthy countries to honour a 2009 pledge to muster up to $100 billion (74 billion euros) by 2020, up from $10 billion a year from 2010 to 2012.

"Unless that is provided for, it will be impossible for us to take forward any meaningful discussion and we feel the negotiations will be rendered completely meaningless," Indian Environment Minister Jayanthi Natarajan said Wednesday.

Still struggling with an economic crisis, the developed world is wary of unveiling a point-by-point plan at this stage, or pledging any new short-term figures.

The money crunch also lies at the heart of another issue bedevilling the talks: demands by developing countries for a mechanism to help them deal with climate-related losses and damage.

Rich nations fear being locked into never-ending liability for compensation and are opposing the creation of a new structure outside of existing mechanisms to help nations adapt to the effects of .

Another deep-seated and longstanding point of contention is deciding how to share out future emissions curbs.

Developing countries want wealthy nations to take on a bigger share of the responsibility to make up for a long history of , while the West insists that emerging economies must do their fair share.

Having powered the economic growth of the West ever since the Industrial Revolution, the biggest rise today is in developing countries with plentiful, cheap reserves.

China is the world's biggest emitter of CO2 today, with India in fourth place after the United States and Europe.

Observers say negotiators have also yet to make any progress on drafting a timeline for arriving at the new deal in 2015.

Explore further: Divisive UN climate talks head into final stretch

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1.4 / 5 (10) Nov 21, 2013
Some observers and delegates say the talks are badly deadlocked, particularly over money.

Money seems to work okay at the local levels, but way more of it gushes up to the wealthy few than trickles back down via taxes (that they so adeptly avoid) and grants and opportunity. The overwhelming majority of us have no recourse and are forced to remain preoccupied with just trying to survive in the lousy economy they contrive for us. All the governments are at their mercy. Even the UN is at their mercy. Do the wealthy few not care about a legacy or what posterity will say about them? We all help to make this bed; sweet dreams everyone. That's apparently about all we can afford.
5 / 5 (3) Nov 21, 2013
"Do the wealthy few not care about a legacy or what posterity will say about them?" - ProtoPlasmix

They didn't get wealthy by caring did they?

I've known a fair number of multi-millionaires, and they aren't bad people. They do however get off on the idea of having lots of money and hence are reasonably shallow people.

I know many more poor people, and they are often dancing with the stars shallow.

Where the wealthy become evil is when they start to purchase political influence for the purpose of expanding their wealth.

The poor would be equally evil, but are constrained by their lack of wealth.

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