Pollution costs India $80 bn a year: World Bank

A factory chimney emits smoke as haze covers Bangalore, southern India on December 11, 2009
A factory chimney belches smoke in a residential area as haze casts a blanket over Bangalore, southern India on December 11, 2009. Pollution and other environmental degradation costs India $80 billion a year, nearly six percent of gross domestic product, the World Bank said in a report released on Wednesday.

Pollution and other environmental degradation costs India $80 billion a year, nearly six percent of gross domestic product, the World Bank said in a report released on Wednesday.

The report, requested by the national government, points to air pollution and contaminated water supplies as some of the main environmental problems facing India.

The study, which assesses the impact of environmental damage in India, also said that air pollution and contaminated water could be responsible for large numbers of in the country.

"About 23 percent of and 2.5 percent of all adult deaths in the country can be attributed to ," Muthukumara S. Mani, a senior economist at the World Bank, said at the launch of the report in New Delhi.

The report cited a recent survey of 132 countries which ranked India 126th for environmental performance and last for air pollution, even worse than neighbouring China, due to its power stations, , industry and other factors.

"The rankings show that India's stellar economic record during the last decade is not reflected in its environmental performance," Mani said, adding the government needed to focus on and greener growth options.

"India needs to put a value to its natural resources and ecosystem services for an environmentally sustainable future," he said.

Reducing harmful carbon emissions was possible without a negative impact on economic growth, the report stated.

"India can reduce its emissions at very little cost to the GDP by switching to , even this loss gets offset by the tangible health benefits," Mani said.

The World Bank study comes on the back of the devastating flash floods in the northern Himalayan state of Uttarakhand which environmentalists have blamed on unregulated development and deforestation in the area.

Nearly 6,000 people are believed to have died in the disaster triggered by heavy early monsoon rains that lashed the region last month.

© 2013 AFP

Citation: Pollution costs India $80 bn a year: World Bank (2013, July 17) retrieved 6 February 2023 from https://phys.org/news/2013-07-pollution-india-bn-year-world.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

China seen facing uphill struggle against pollution

0 shares

Feedback to editors