Poll: Americans back climate change regulation, not taxes

Now that President Obama has put climate change back on the table in his second inaugural address, a new national poll finds growing public support for regulating greenhouse gas emissions and requiring utilities to switch to lower-carbon fuel sources.

The percentage of Americans who think is occurring has rebounded, according to the Duke University national online survey, and is at its highest level since 2006. The study also finds that while Americans support regulating , they do not favor market-based approaches such as cap-and-trade or a carbon tax.

Sixty-four percent of Americans strongly or somewhat favor regulating emissions from , factories and cars and requiring utilities to generate more power from "clean" low-carbon sources.

Only 29 percent strongly support or somewhat support a carbon tax. Returning revenue to taxpayers through a $500 tax rebate only slightly increases support for a carbon tax, to 34 percent. The survey indicates that many Americans haven't formed an opinion about the cap-and-trade approach: although support is low, 36 percent are neither for nor against.

"The survey shows strikingly high numbers of Americans accept that the climate is changing, but support for market-based approaches such as a and a system of tradable emissions are not popular among survey respondents," said Sarah Adair, co-author and associate in research at Duke's Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions. "Support rises when asked about more familiar concepts of regulation, such as performance standards, but respondents appear to have little or no knowledge about the possible use of a cap-and-trade system to address climate change."

The Duke study examined regarding climate change and the major policy options that President Obama might pursue in his second term. It was conducted by Frederick Mayer and Alex Pfaff of Duke's Sanford School of Public Policy and Adair of the Nicholas Institute.

"Whether in response to extreme weather events like mega-storm Sandy or the improved economy, public opinion has clearly rebounded from its low point of a couple years ago," said Mayer, associate professor of public policy and political science. "Although there appears to be little prospect for tax or cap-and-trade legislation in the current Congress, there is a clear opening for stronger regulation and investments in clean energy."

Other key findings of the poll:

  • The percentage of Americans who agree there is solid evidence of a changing climate has steadily increased since 2010, based on an analysis of several national climate change polls. The Duke poll found 50 percent of Americans are convinced the climate is changing and another 34 percent say it is probably changing, an increase from other recent polls.
  • 54 percent feel climate change is primarily the result of human activity.
  • There are strong partisan differences in the perceived seriousness of the problem. About half of Democrats say it is "very serious" while 35 percent of Independents and 17 percent of Republicans agree.
  • Although Democrats are more willing than Republicans to support all policies, the preference for a regulatory or clean energy approach is shared across party lines.
The Internet survey was conducted Jan. 16-22, 2013, by Duke in partnership with KnowledgePanel and involved e-mails to randomly selected households throughout the United States. The margin of error for 1,089 respondents was 3 percentage points. Funding for the survey came from Duke's Climate Policy Working Group.

Explore further

Americans support national clean-energy standard: study

More information: To review the study, visit nicholasinstitute.duke.edu/climate-change-poll
Provided by Duke University
Citation: Poll: Americans back climate change regulation, not taxes (2013, February 7) retrieved 23 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-02-poll-americans-climate-taxes.html
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User comments

Feb 07, 2013
There is a ray of hope in these poll numbers.

Feb 07, 2013
As in most cases, warnings issued from predictive models only have effect, when real feedback actually leads to experience the consequences. Nevertheless a critical mass of convinced people is always required, in order to sustain directed action. The ever remaining justified doubt on the model's outcomes will inevitably keep sceptics denying, but good governance should take care and favorize damage mitigation, even if certainty is not achieved. It is high time to promote the conception of an acceptable global worldview, including the most fundamental values to assure perenity of our civilisation. See "From knowledge integraton to worldview" as well as "The evolutionary manifesto".

Feb 07, 2013
It is also refreshing to see that the tax/cap'n'trade solution has apparently fallen out of favor, and more people back mandated emission reduction, efficiency standards, and replacement of fossil with renewable energy sources, as these will drive innovation -via the "freemarket"- to find alternatives through competition by creating the incentive to invest in the most efficient and renewable replacements for fossil energy.

How in the world have the masses of Americans come to this wholly enlightened and scientifically sound approach to this problem?

I am maybe just a tad tiny bit proud of my fellow citizens.

Now, it only remains to be seen if this seachange is translated into actual policy and is implemented in a common-sense fashion.

Feb 08, 2013
The only way forward, as I see it is "personalized" power. Put 3-5 0.5 kw windmills on households (must be greater than 40 ft high). Install inverters or go to 12V. Then, of course, let the government tax it.

Feb 10, 2013
The consumer is going to pay the cost, whether it's new regulations or a direct tax. Any discussion to the contrary is smoke and mirrors.

Feb 11, 2013
I wish they would stop asking the "Is climate change happening?" question in these polls. The climate is obviously changing. The cause of the change is the unanswered question.

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