Cebit 2012: The wireless bicycle brake, a prototype on an exciting mission

February 24, 2012, Saarland University
Holger Hermanns, computer science professor at Saarland University, confirmed the reliability of his wireless bicycle brake through mathematical calculations. Credit: Angelika Klein

A German computer scientist has developed a reliable wireless bicycle brake.

At this time, wireless networks are able to brake just one bike, but in the future, the technical elements will be further developed to regulate entire trains as they travel over the lines. In view of that fact, computer scientists at Saarland University are designing to check such systems automatically. The scientists will present their results at stand F34 in hall 26 at the computer fair . The trade show takes place in Hanover, Germany from March 6 to 10.

Professor Holger Hermanns, who holds the chair of Dependable Systems and Software, and who developed the wireless bicycle brake together with his group, explains: " are never a fail-safe method. That's a fact that's based on a technological background." Nonetheless, the trend is to set up wireless systems that, like a simple bicycle brake, have to function all the time. "In the field of the future European Train Service, for example, concrete plans already exist," Hermanns reports. Furthermore, he says that train and airplane experiments are far too sophisticated, and could even endanger the life of human beings in case of malfunction.

Therefore, the Saarland computer scientist's mathematical methods should now verify the correct function and interaction of the components automatically. "The wireless bicycle brake gives us the necessary playground to optimize these methods for operation in much more complex systems," Hermanns adds. Therefore, his research group examines the brake prototype with algorithms that normally are used in control systems for aircraft or . As a result, they found out that the brake works with 99.9999999999997 percent reliability. "This implies that out of a trillion braking attempts, we have three failures," Hermanns explains and concludes: "That is not perfect, but acceptable."

To brake with the wireless brake, a cyclist needs only clench the rubber grip on the right handle. The more tightly the grip is clenched, the harder the disk brake on the front wheel works. It seems as if a ghost hand is in play, but a combination of several electronic components enables the braking. Integrated in the rubber grip is a pressure sensor, which activates a sender if a specified pressure threshold is crossed. The sender is integrated in a blue plastic box which is the size of a cigarette packet and is attached to the handlebar. Its radio signals are sent to a receiver attached at the end of the bicycle's fork. The receiver forwards the signal to an actuator, transforming the radio signal into the mechanical power by which the disk brake is activated. The electrical energy is supplied by a battery, which is also attached to the bicycle's fork. To enhance reliability, there are additional senders attached to the bicycle. These repeatedly send the same signal.

Its current configuration enables the cruiser bike to brake within 250 milliseconds. This means that at a speed of 30 kilometers per hour, the cyclist has to react two meters before reaching the dangerous situation. But the Saarland University computer scientists are not satisfied with just this functionality. "It is not difficult to integrate an anti-lock braking system and traction control. That takes only a few adjustments," Hermanns explains.

Researching the wireless bicycle brake was funded within the special research field "Automatic Verification and Analysis of (AVACS)" by the German Research Foundation. Besides Holger Hermanns, several researchers from Saarland University are involved. These are Professors Sebastian Hack, Markus Bläser, Reinhard Wilhelm, Jan Reineke, Bernd Finkbeiner and Verena Wolf. Professor Kurt Mehlhorn and Christoph Weidenbach of the Max-Planck-Institute for Informatics in Saarbrücken are involved in the project, too. In 2011, the Research Foundation Group approved about 8.7 million euro, and about 3.5 million inure to the benefit of the Saarland research work. Since 2004, the special research group has been sponsored with approximately 26 million euros, and 9.5 million went to the at Saarland University.

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2.3 / 5 (3) Feb 24, 2012
Te question is why replacing a few dollars worth of mechanical calipers and wires with batteries, computers, sensors, actuators? I can understand the advantage of programmable anti-lock braking on faster vehicles like motorcycles, or train carriages that have lots of brakes, but a bloody bicycle? To sell more expensive electronics parts? To stop your granma breaking the posted speed limit wirelessly from afar?
3 / 5 (2) Feb 24, 2012
As a result, they found out that the brake works with 99.9999999999997 percent reliability.
The electrical energy is supplied by a battery, which is also attached to the bicycle's fork.
Don't they see how ridiculous this is? Three failures per a trillion attempts doesn't help you much when braking will fail a few times per summer because of the battery running out. Sheesh!!
5 / 5 (2) Feb 24, 2012
I think this is not a really production item... its atest of a concept to build upon to test more diffulcut issues.

No one would buy a wireless brake for real ... but you use this system to test other types of systems that similarly cannot fail.
1 / 5 (1) Feb 24, 2012
My gosh!! Someone hacks your brakes...sheesh...EVEN CSI Las Vegas would not be able to find the perp/perv who did it. No man, rethink this one a bit. I like the adventurous scientific mindset behind it but, BUT, no...wireless headlight controls - cool; wireless turn signal and braking caliper adjustment for wet or dry conditions - Oh Yeah, Even built-in WiFi for route updates or gateway access for an ad hoc network for bike delivery people in downtown Manhattan where there are a million such couriers, oh double heck yeah! The brakes? No chance baby...we live in a mean, cold, cruel, HUMAN-part of a mean, cold, cruel, beautiful world!

5 / 5 (2) Feb 24, 2012
I think I'll hold out for quantum brakes. That way I can stop and go at the same time, and later decide which actually worked out for me. Also if I'm in an accident I can be dead and alive simultaneously so long as nobody pulls the brake.
1 / 5 (1) Feb 25, 2012
Brake-less braking.
That is the future. The future is now.
Levitated trains brake this way. And cycles will brake this way.

With the advent of room temperature superconductivity only a few years away, spoke-less, axle-less, wheels for cycles will be the norm.

So...reiterating the future of cycles:
No more spokes, axles, or brakes.

The seat, pedals, and handles remain - to retain the original purpose of a cycle:

Transport and exercise.
3 / 5 (2) Feb 25, 2012
This is welcome news. Please put wireless brakes on all your planes, trains, trucks and automobiles. Then we can hack into the system and let momentum do the rest as the first act of cyberwar when and if the push comes to shove..!
5 / 5 (1) Feb 26, 2012
what about radio jamming; one could get easily rid of some competitors in the Tour de France -:)

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