Unlocking jams in fluid materials: A theoretical model to understand how to best avoid jamming of soft matter

In a study recently published in European Physical Journal E (EPJE), a German scientist constructed a theoretical model to understand how to best avoid jamming of soft matter that can be applied in food and cosmetics production.

Thomas Voigtmann, a researcher at the Institute for Material Physics in Space in Cologne, Germany, evaluated the internal , or yield stress, to be overcome before a solid material made of a metallic melt with a glass structure can flow and thus prevent jamming.

These have an apparent viscosity that drops if they are forced to flow quickly – a property called shear thinning. They are similar to solid paint that is highly viscous, almost solid, in a bucket and can easily become liquid when applied with a brush. The force applied to the paint by a brush stroke is sufficient for shear thinning to occur.

The properties of these metallic melts are not well understood. Until now, these materials have been studied using models for three classes of materials: (like toothpaste), metallic liquids, or granular materials (like sand).

However, none of these models accurately describes these materials. Instead, Voigtmann devised two models that take into account the common properties between the three material classes; here the goal was to determine whether their yield stress is either continuous (it gets smaller with the flow rate) or discontinuous (remains at a constant value regardless of the flow rate) at a decreasing flow rate. He used available data to test the models; however, further data on lower flow rates than currently available would be required in order to be conclusive.

Further theoretical research will help us to understand how to process large amounts of soft matter for the food industry such as mayonnaise (an emulsion), jelly (a colloidal dispersion), or granular materials such as grains or pharmaceutical pills while avoiding blockages as they flow through processing pipes.


Explore further

Of traffic jams, beach sands and the zero-temperature jamming transition

More information: Yield Stresses and Flow Curves in Metallic Glass Formers and Granular Systems T Voigtmann, European Physical Journal E (2011) 34: 106, DOI 10.1140/epje/i2011-11106-8
Provided by Springer
Citation: Unlocking jams in fluid materials: A theoretical model to understand how to best avoid jamming of soft matter (2011, October 5) retrieved 17 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-10-fluid-materials-theoretical-soft.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
1 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Oct 05, 2011
So for something like a Bingham plastic, or ooblek, wouldn't oscillations help negate settling problems in flow ?

http://www.youtub...Po3EA7oE

Oct 05, 2011
IMO the paths of jams are pretty close to the appearance of dark matter streaks around/between galaxies and their dodecahedral geometry follows from the principles of dense hypersphere packing geometry, as described with Lie groups.

http://www.youtub...cjPSZeAg
http://scienceblo...ion.jpeg

The similar geometry applies to quantum scale in symmetrical way (compare the Lissi Garrett's E8 theory of nuclear interactions). Downvoted with kaasinees.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more