Student dust counter breaks distance record on New Horizons mission to Pluto

October 12, 2010, University of Colorado at Boulder
CU-Boulder graduate student Andrew Poppe of the physics department is part of a student team at the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics that designed and built the Student Dust Counter instrument now flying on NASA's New Horizons spacecraft that is headed for Pluto. Credit: Glenn Asakawa/ University of Colorado

A University of Colorado at Boulder space dust counter designed, tested and operated by students that is flying aboard NASA's New Horizons mission to Pluto now holds the record for the most distant working dust detector ever to travel through space.

The instrument on the New Horizons mission -- officially named the Venetia Burney Student Dust Counter, or SDC, after an 11-year-old English girl who named Pluto more than 75 years ago -- reached a distance of 1.67 billion miles from Earth on Oct. 10. Designed by a student team from CU-Boulder's Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, SDC was launched in 2006 aboard the New Horizons spacecraft, which is now slightly beyond the orbit of Uranus.

Dust grains in the are of high interest to researchers because they are the building blocks of the solar system's planets. Scientists are particularly interested in dust that New Horizons is expected to encounter in the Kuiper Belt, a vast region beyond Neptune's orbit that contains thousands of icy objects that are thought to contain samples of ancient material formed in the solar system billions of years ago.

The only other dust-detecting instruments to measure space dust beyond the orbit of Jupiter -- which is inside the orbit of Uranus -- flew aboard NASA's Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 spacecraft in the 1970s.

"The New Horizons mission is going to break a lot of records, but this early one is one of the sweetest," said New Horizons Principal Investigator Alan Stern of the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder. "We're very proud to be collecting solar system dust data farther out than any mission ever has, and we're even prouder to be carrying the first student-built and student-operated ever sent on a planetary space mission," said Stern, a former faculty member at CU-Boulder.

"It's a once-in-a-lifetime experience to be part of the group of students who made this happen," said Andrew Poppe, a CU graduate student in physics who helps operate LASP's SDC and analyze the data. "We built a record-breaking, successful instrument that is taking scientific measurements to advance our understanding of the role of dust in our solar system."

Poppe said the data collected by SDC were in agreement with earlier dust measurements made by NASA's Galileo and Ulysses missions to Jupiter.

Poppe is one of five students on the current SDC team and one of 32 who have worked on the instrument since the CU-Boulder project began in 2002. The original team ofroughly 20 undergraduate and graduate students has evolved over time, with new students brought into the fold as the New Horizons mission has proceeded from concept development through launch and into its ongoing flight phase during the past two decades.

The SDC is a thin plastic film resting on a honeycombed aluminum structure the size of a cake pan mounted on the outside of the spacecraft. A small electronic box inside the spacecraft functions as the instrument's "brain" to assess each individual dust particle that strikes the detector. The microscopic-sized hitting the SDC create unique electrical signals, allowing the students to infer the mass of each particle.

"The SDC was built and tested to the same NASA engineering standards as professionally built flight instruments, under the supervision of professionals," said SDCinstrument principal investigator and LASP researcher Mihali Horanyi. "Students participating in the SDC project have come from a variety of disciplines ranging from science and engineering to journalism and business, and many have graduated and gone on to careers in the space industry," he said.

"In addition to its significant contribution to science, SDC has proven to be an excellent investment in the scientists and engineers of tomorrow," said Horanyi, also a professor in CU-Boulder's physics department.

SDC will continue to return information to Earth on the dust that strikes its detectors during the spacecraft's approach to Pluto and beyond. "The improved observations that SDC will make available will advance our understanding of the origin and evolution of our own solar system, as well as help scientists studying planet formation in dust disks around other stars," said Horanyi.

Other major projects involving LASP students have included the Solar Mesosphere Explorer, or SME, satellite that was designed and built by students, faculty and staff. The student-controlled satellite, which flew from 1981 to 1989 and studied the processes that create and destroy ozone, was widely known as The Classroom in Space.

A second LASP satellite, the Student Nitric Oxide Experiment, or SNOE, was designed by students and faculty and staff to study variations of nitric oxide that affect Earth's ozone layer. It was launched in 1998 and flew until 2003. More than 100 CU-Boulder students helped with the instrument design, construction, maintenance, programming and operations. SME and SNOE were the first two NASA satellites ever operated by students.

Explore further: Student-built instrument set to launch on Pluto mission

More information: … zons/main/index.html

Related Stories

Student-built instrument set to launch on Pluto mission

December 28, 2005

The University of Colorado at Boulder's long heritage with NASA planetary missions will continue Jan. 17 with the launch of a student space dust instrument on the New Horizons Mission to Pluto from Florida's Kennedy Space ...

NASA to send spececraft to Pluto

January 16, 2006

NASA is all set to launch its $700-million New Horizons spacecraft from Cape Canaveral in Florida on a nearly nine-year journey to Pluto.

Recommended for you

Supermassive black holes are outgrowing their galaxies

February 15, 2018

The growth of the biggest black holes in the Universe is outrunning the rate of formation of stars in the galaxies they inhabit, according to two new studies using data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes ...

Hubble sees Neptune's mysterious shrinking storm

February 15, 2018

Three billion miles away on the farthest known major planet in our solar system, an ominous, dark storm - once big enough to stretch across the Atlantic Ocean from Boston to Portugal - is shrinking out of existence as seen ...

Kepler scientists discover almost 100 new exoplanets

February 15, 2018

Based on data from NASA's K2 mission, an international team of scientists has confirmed nearly 100 new exoplanets. This brings the total number of new exoplanets found with the K2 mission up to almost 300.


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.