New forest fire detection system prototype installed at Lake Tahoe

December 7, 2009
Nevada Seismological Laboratory director Graham Kent presents the new solar-powered wi-fi Forest Eye camera system to students who developed novel idea for early-detection of forest fires. Credit: Photo by Mike Wolterbeek

Graham Kent, Nevada Seismological Laboratory director at the University of Nevada, Reno is leading the installation, testing and maintenance of a novel way to monitor forests fires and other environmental data with the prototype of a new camera system developed by Sony-Europe.

The new 360-degree, solar-powered camera and wi-fi system was installed at Tahoe City, Calif. in anticipation of its debut Dec. 12 via the Internet from Copenhagen during the United Nations Climate Change Conference.

The novel concept, Forest Guard, came from a group of students in Meadow Vista, Calif. who were forced from their homes last year when a forest fire burned 190 square miles of forest in the Northern California region

The early-detection system for wildfires, Forest Guard, will use a closed-circuit television system which sends live pictures of the forest to a computer screen-saver or desktop that is available to internet users around the world.

The network of live cameras will enable citizen firewatchers to quickly raise an alarm if a fire is seen, providing a quick response and thereby reducing potentially huge from a forest fire as well as saving lives and property. Firefighters will also be able to monitor the fire to better deploy resources and warn residents who may be in the path of a fire.

"We've been working on a similar system for several years for scientific research purposes and are grateful to be able to work with SONY on this prototype and get a system installed in the Tahoe-Reno area," Kent said. "The network is ideal for real-time data collection and optimizes the use and expense of the system."

Kent's team, including Ken Smith of the Nevada Seismological Laboratory, Frank Vernon of UC San Diego and Geoff Schladow of the UC Davis Tahoe Environmental Research Center will also use the network's real-time capacity to monitor other environmental systems such as climate, forest , evapo-transpiration, seismic activity and air quality and for research and data collection purposes.

"This camera has serial number 001," Kent said. "We'll be testing and debugging it over the winter in Tahoe City while also doing some interesting science. It's great to have been able to integrate some design features and functions into the system based on our experiences with the 10-year old system in San Diego."

A camera network has been used successfully in Southern California for many years to watch for and monitor fires, but without the social netwroking aspect. Kent said the cost of the system is about the same as one or two homes that would be lost in a catastrophic and the maintenance of the system for 10 years is equal to about one lost home.

Next summer a network of the wi-fi, solar-powered cameras will be placed on mountaintops surrounding the pristine Lake Tahoe.

The team of six students, whose 'Forest Guard' idea won the global First LEGO League Climate Actions competition in Copenhagen, Denmark in May, impressed Sony executives in Europe so much that they offered to partner with the team to help them develop their idea.

Source: University of Nevada, Reno

Explore further: New Measurements of Toxics and Organics in Tahoe Smoke

Related Stories

Strong Winds Fan Flames in Lake Tahoe Fire

June 27, 2007

A fire raging out of control just southwest of Lake Tahoe is threatening homes and has burned close to 3,100 acres since it was first reported on Sunday, June 24, 2007, according to the National Interagency Fire Center.

Camera Spots Wolverine in Sierra Nevada

March 6, 2008

U.S. Forest Service scientists believe an Oregon State University graduate student working on a cooperative project with the agency’s Pacific Southwest Research station on the Tahoe National Forest has photographed a wolverine, ...

Recommended for you

New hope for limiting warming to 1.5 C

September 18, 2017

Significant emission reductions are required if we are to achieve one of the key goals of the Paris Agreement, and limit the increase in global average temperatures to 1.5°C; a new Oxford University partnership warns.


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.