The energetic origins of life
Nanostructures enhance light trapping for solar fuel generation
Rice's silicon oxide memories catch manufacturers' eye
(Phys.org) —Rice University's breakthrough silicon oxide technology for high-density, next-generation computer memory is one step closer to mass production, thanks to a refinement that will allow manufacturers ...
Engineers figure out how to make more efficient fuel cells
Solar power and other sources of renewable energy can help combat global warming but they have a drawback: they don't produce energy as predictably as plants powered by oil, coal or natural gas. Solar panels ...
Water behavior breakthrough opens a crucial door in chemistry
(Phys.org) —A multi-institutional team has resolved a long-unanswered question about how two of the world's most common substances interact.
Nanoscale composites improve MRI: Researchers merge magnetic particles to detect, fight disease
(Phys.org) —Submicroscopic particles that contain even smaller particles of iron oxide could make magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a far more powerful tool to detect and fight disease.
New method stabilizes common semiconductors for solar fuels generation
Researchers around the world are trying to develop solar-driven generators that can split water, yielding hydrogen gas that could be used as clean fuel. Such a device requires efficient light-absorbing materials ...
Unexpected water explains surface chemistry of nanocrystals
Danylo Zherebetskyy and his colleagues at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) found unexpected traces of water in semiconducting nanocrystals.
Cutoff switch may limit spread, duration of oxygen minimum zones
A new study examining the impact of iron released from continental margin sediments has documented a natural limiting switch that may keep these ocean systems from developing a runaway feedback loop that ...
Strongly interacting electrons in wacky oxide synchronize to work like the brain
Current computing is based on binary logic—zeroes and ones—also called Boolean computing, but a new type of computing architecture stores information in the frequencies and phases of periodic signals ...
Graphene photonics breakthrough promises fast-speed, low-cost communications
(Phys.org) —Swinburne researchers have developed a high-quality continuous graphene oxide thin film that shows potential for ultrafast telecommunications.
Probing dopant distribution: Study opens door to better doping of semiconductor nanocrystals
(Phys.org) —The icing on the cake for semiconductor nanocrystals that provide a non-damped optoelectronic effect may exist as a layer of tin that segregates near the surface.
Study shows lower ozone pollution in Sao Paulo when drivers switched from ethanol to gasoline
Simulations point to graphene oxide frameworks potential in water purification
(Phys.org) —Computational modeling has given materials researchers new insight into the properties of a membrane that purifies saltwater into potable water. The resulting technology could help speed up ...