The energetic origins of life
Nanostructures enhance light trapping for solar fuel generation
Oxygen levels were only 0.1 percent of today's levels for roughly billion years before rise of animals
(Phys.org) —Geologists are letting the air out of a nagging mystery about the development of animal life on Earth.
Researchers discover a way to tease oxygen molecules from carbon dioxide
Rethinking basic science of graphene synthesis shows route to industrial-scale production
A new route to making graphene has been discovered that could make the 21st century's wonder material easier to ramp up to industrial scale. Graphene—a tightly bound single layer of carbon atoms with super ...
Gold's unexpected oxidation activity: Decoding the role of water in gold nanocatalysis
Researchers from the University of Houston and Trinity University have for the first time provided direct evidence of a water-mediated reaction mechanism for the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide.
Water's reaction with metal oxides opens doors for researchers
A multi-institutional team has resolved a long-unanswered question about how two of the world's most common substances interact.
The perfect atom sandwich requires an extra layer
(Phys.org) —Like the perfect sandwich, a perfectly engineered thin film for electronics requires not only the right ingredients, but also just the right thickness of each ingredient in the desired order, ...
Tough foam from tiny sheets
Tough, ultralight foam of atom-thick sheets can be made to any size and shape through a chemical process invented at Rice University.
Rice's silicon oxide memories catch manufacturers' eye
(Phys.org) —Rice University's breakthrough silicon oxide technology for high-density, next-generation computer memory is one step closer to mass production, thanks to a refinement that will allow manufacturers ...
Engineers figure out how to make more efficient fuel cells
Solar power and other sources of renewable energy can help combat global warming but they have a drawback: they don't produce energy as predictably as plants powered by oil, coal or natural gas. Solar panels ...
Water behavior breakthrough opens a crucial door in chemistry
(Phys.org) —A multi-institutional team has resolved a long-unanswered question about how two of the world's most common substances interact.
Nanoscale composites improve MRI: Researchers merge magnetic particles to detect, fight disease
(Phys.org) —Submicroscopic particles that contain even smaller particles of iron oxide could make magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a far more powerful tool to detect and fight disease.
New method stabilizes common semiconductors for solar fuels generation
Researchers around the world are trying to develop solar-driven generators that can split water, yielding hydrogen gas that could be used as clean fuel. Such a device requires efficient light-absorbing materials ...