Whole-genome sequencing of bulls in key beef and dairy breeds
An international collaboration known as the '1000 Bull Genomes Project' aims to accelerate breeding for desired traits in beef and dairy cattle while also improving animal health and welfare. Results of the ...
Fly dreams and the boundaries of evolutionary science
Researchers reverse a liver disorder in mice by correcting a mutated gene
Using a new gene-editing system based on bacterial proteins, MIT researchers have cured mice of a rare liver disorder caused by a single genetic mutation.
DNA of 'Evolution Canyon' fruit flies reveals drivers of evolutionary change
Scientists have long puzzled over the genetic differences between fruit flies that live hardly a puddle jump apart in a natural environment known as "Evolution Canyon" in Mount Carmel, Israel.
Cell circuits remember their history: Engineers design new synthetic biology circuits that combine memory and logic
MIT engineers have created genetic circuits in bacterial cells that not only perform logic functions, but also remember the results, which are encoded in the cell's DNA and passed on for dozens of generations.
More than just a hill of beans: Phaseolus genome lends insights into nitrogen fixation
The US Department of Energy Office of Science has targeted research into the common bean because of its importance in enhancing nitrogen use efficiency for bioenergy crops sustainability, and for increasing ...
Plant geneticists demonstrate new means of boosting maize yields
A team of plant geneticists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has successfully demonstrated what it describes as a "simple hypothesis" for making significant increases in yields for the maize plant.
Study finds new way in which plants control flower production
The timing of flowering in plants is critical. It can have profound effects on flower, fruit, and seed production, and consequently agricultural yields. This process is known to depend on daylight and temperature ...
Endangered lemurs' complete genomes sequenced, analyzed for conservation efforts
For the first time, the complete genomes of three separate populations of aye-ayes—a type of lemur—have been sequenced and analyzed in an effort to help guide conservation efforts. The results of the ...
Sexual reproduction only second choice for powdery mildew
Powdery mildew is one of the most dreaded plant diseases: The parasitic fungus afflicts crops such as wheat and barley and is responsible for large harvest shortfalls every year. Beat Keller and Thomas Wicker, ...
Boron tolerance discovery for higher wheat yields
Australian scientists have identified the genes in wheat that control tolerance to a significant yield-limiting soil condition found around the globe – boron toxicity.
Did the universe evolve to make black holes?
(Phys.org) —The maths underpinning Darwin's theory of natural selection could explain how the universe may be 'designed' to make black holes.
Darwin's dilemma resolved: Biologists measure evolution's Big Bang
A new study led by Adelaide researchers has estimated, for the first time, the rates of evolution during the "Cambrian explosion" when most modern animal groups appeared between 540 and 520 million years ...
Scientists notch a win in war against antibiotic-resistant bacteria
A team of scientists just won a battle in the war against antibiotic-resistant "superbugs"—and only time will tell if their feat is akin to the bacterial "Battle of Gettysburg" that turns the tide toward ...