New method to generate Laughlin states with atomic systems
In 1998, the Nobel Prize in Physics was conferred to the discovery of a new type of quantum fluid with fractional charge excitations, known as Laughlin state. The production of this quantum state, which explains the behaviour ...
Carbon 'candy floss' could help prevent energy blackouts
(Phys.org) —Ultra-light, high performance electrical wiring, made from carbon instead of copper, has been developed in a usable form for the first time.
Physicists create tabletop antimatter 'gun'
Making alternative fuels cheaper: New synthesis could make biofuel more appealing for mass production
MIT chemical engineers have devised a cheaper way to synthesize a key biofuel component, which could make its industrial production much more cost-effective.
The dance of the atoms
(Phys.org) —Catalysts can stop working when atoms on the surface start moving. At the Vienna University of Technology, this dance of the atoms could now be observed and explained.
Tiny bubbles in your metallic glass may not be a cause for celebration
Bubbles in a champagne glass may add a festive fizz to the drink, but microscopic bubbles that form in a material called metallic glass can signal serious trouble. In this normally high-strength material, bubbles may indicate ...
Researchers extend galvanic replacement reactions to metal oxide nanocrystals
Researchers stitch defects into the world's thinnest semiconductor
(Phys.org) —In pioneering new research at Columbia University, scientists have grown high-quality crystals of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), the world's thinnest semiconductor, and studied how these crystals stitch together ...
Femtosecond 'snapshots' reveal a dramatic bond tightening in photo-excited gold complexes
Metal complexes are becoming increasingly important as the photochemical building blocks of functional molecular systems such as sensors and photoelectrochemical cells. Of particular interest are metal complexes ...
New mechanism converts natural gas to energy faster, captures CO2
(Phys.org) —North Carolina State University researchers have identified a new mechanism to convert natural gas into energy up to 70 times faster, while effectively capturing the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide ...
Scientists detect residue that has hindered efficiency of promising type of solar cell
(Phys.org) —Drivers who have ever noticed a residue on their windshields after going through a car wash will sympathize with nanoscientist Seth Darling's pain.
Microwave oven cooks up solar cell material
University of Utah metallurgists used an old microwave oven to produce a nanocrystal semiconductor rapidly using cheap, abundant and less toxic metals than other semiconductors. They hope it will be used ...
'Going negative' pays for nanotubes: Team finds possible keys to better nanofibers, films
(Phys.org) —A Rice University laboratory's cagey strategy turns negatively charged carbon nanotubes into liquid crystals that could enhance the creation of fibers and films.
The superpower behind iron oxyfluoride battery electrodes
(Phys.org) —Innovative materials chemistries continue to drive advances in lithium-ion batteries-the state-of-the-art in rechargeable energy storage. While many different battery components contribute to ...