Virtual laboratory predicts train vibrations
The construction of new rail lines, or the relocation of old ones underground, has increased society's interest over recent years in the vibrations produced by trains, especially among people who live or work ...
Researchers use cell 'profiling' to detect abnormalities -- including cancer
An Ohio State University mathematician and his colleagues are finding ways to tell the difference between healthy cells and abnormal cells, such as cancer cells, based on the way the cells look and move.
Mathematical model shows how groups split into factions
(PhysOrg.com) -- The school dance committee is split; one group wants an "Alice in Wonderland" theme; the other insists on "Vampire Jamboree." Mathematics could have predicted it.
Quantum or not? Mathematical equations resolve nanostructures behavior
Understanding the transport of electrons in nanostructures and biological molecules is crucial to understanding properties such as electrical conductivity or the biochemical behavior of molecules. However, ...
Quarks 'swing' to the tones of random numbers
At the Large Hadron Collider at CERN protons crash into each other at incredibly high energies in order to 'smash' the protons and to study the elementary particles of nature - including quarks. Quarks are ...
Unraveling the Matrix
A new way of analyzing grids of numbers known as matrices could improve signal-processing applications and data-compression schemes.
Meeting consumers' HD demands with a faster algorithm
(PhysOrg.com) -- Engineers help smaller processors outperform a single superfast processor by working more efficiently in parallel.
Mathematicians Solve 140-Year-Old Boltzmann Equation
(PhysOrg.com) -- Two University of Pennsylvania mathematicians have found solutions to a 140-year-old, 7-dimensional equation that were not known to exist for more than a century despite its widespread use in modeling the ...
Rough calculations: New book lays out practical tools for educated guessing
(PhysOrg.com) -- Time for some quick arithmetic: Is 3600 x 4.4 x 104 x 32 larger or smaller than 3 x 109?
New 'hearing' maps are real conversation starters
Innovative sound-mapping software based on human hearing has been developed to help architects design out unwanted noise.
The mathematics behind a good night's sleep
Why can't I fall asleep? Will this new medication keep me up all night? Can I sleep off this cold? Despite decades of research, answers to these basic questions about one of our most essential bodily functions remain exceptionally ...
Computer models suggest vaccination or culling best to prevent foot-and-mouth disease
Combining technology and animal health, a group of Kansas State University researchers is developing a more effective way to predict the spread of foot-and-mouth disease and the impact of preventative measures.
A new technique identifies versions of the same song
A team of researchers from Pompeu Fabra University (UPF, Spain) has developed a system to identify common patterns in versions of songs, which will help to quantify the similarity of musical pieces. The technique, ...
Self-sacrifice among strangers has more to do with nurture than nature
(PhysOrg.com) -- Socially learned behavior and belief are much better candidates than genetics to explain the self-sacrificing behavior we see among strangers in societies, from soldiers to blood donors to ...