Beyond geometry: Shape entropy links nanostructures with emergent macroscopic behavior in natural and engineered systems
What was that again? A mathematical model of language incorporates the need for repetition
As politicians know, repetition is often key to getting your message across. Now a former physicist studying linguistics at the Polish Academy of Sciences has taken this intuitive concept and incorporated it into a mathematical ...
Researchers unlock mystery of how 'handedness' arises
The overwhelming majority of proteins and other functional molecules in our bodies display a striking molecular characteristic: They can exist in two distinct forms that are mirror images of each other, like ...
Holographic dark information energy
Holographic Dark Information Energy gets my vote for the best mix of arcane theoretical concepts expressed in the shortest number of words and just to keep it interesting, its mostly about entropy.
Cosmic entropy could be 100 times greater than previously thought
Black hole thermodynamics
In the 1800s scientists studying things like heat and the behavior of low density gases developed a theory known as thermodynamics. As the name suggests, this theory describes the dynamic behavior of heat ...
Disorder is key to nanotube mystery
Scientists often find strange and unexpected things when they look at materials at the nanoscale -- the level of single atoms and molecules. This holds true even for the most common materials, such as water.
Sign language puzzle solved
Physicist finds that E. coli replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency
All living things must obey the laws of physics—including the second law of thermodynamics, which states that the universe's disorder, or entropy, can only grow. Highly ordered cells and organisms appear ...
Researcher finds optimal fix-free codes
(PhysOrg.com) -- More than 50 years after David Huffman developed Huffman coding, an entropy encoding algorithm used for lossless data compression in computer science and information theory, an electrical ...
Internet usage patterns may signify depression
(Phys.org) -- In a new study analyzing Internet usage among college students, researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology have found that students who show signs of depression tend to use the Internet differently ...
First thin films of spin ice reveal cold secrets
Thin films of spin ice have been shown to demonstrate surprising properties which could help in the development of applications of magnetricity, the magnetic equivalent of electricity.
Researchers See Complex Atomic Choreography as Crystals Melt
(PhysOrg.com) -- Conga lines of atoms wend their way through a crystal, their numbers growing as more and more atoms join the migration. The worm-like lines of atoms randomly converge, forming tangles that ...
Designer materials: Entropy can lead to order, paving the route to nanostructures
(Phys.org) -- Researchers trying to herd tiny particles into useful ordered formations have found an unlikely ally: entropy, a tendency generally described as "disorder."