NASA satellite tracking Typhoon Lupit on a march toward the northern Philippines

Oct 16, 2009
The MODIS instrument on NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of Typhoon Lupit heading west toward Luzon, at 12:45 a.m. EDT Oct. 16, 2009. Lupit was in the open waters of the Philippine Sea. Credit: NASA MODIS Rapid Response Team

Three instruments on NASA's Aqua satellite captured views of Typhoon Lupit on its western track toward the Philippines and are helping forecasters get an idea of its strength and behavior. Lupit strengthened quickly in 24 hours from a tropical depression to a typhoon, between October 15 and 16.

From 12:41a.m. to 12:45 a.m. EDT (12:45 p.m. Asia/Manila Time) on October 16, NASA's Aqua satellite was capturing important data on Lupit, so that forecasters in the U.S. Navy's Joint Typhoon Warning Center (who forecasts tropical cyclones in the Western Pacific) could make a forecast. In the Philippines, meteorologists are referring to the storm by the name "Ramil."

Aqua's Moderate Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument, Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) and Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) instrument captured visible, infrared and microwave images of Typhoon Lupit.

Aqua's Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument captured Lupit's (purple and blue) high thunderstorm cloud temperatures at 12:41 a.m. EDT on Oct. 16. The thunderstorm tops were colder than minus 63 Fahrenheit. The Philippines are visible to the west (left) of Lupit. Credit: NASA JPL, Ed Olsen

Infrared imagery measures temperatures and not only can it see cold, high cloud tops in tropical cyclones, but also the warm ocean waters that power the cyclones (if the temperatures are over 80F(26.6 C)). Cold cloud top temperatures provide clues about the power of the thunderstorms in a tropical cyclone. The colder the are, the higher they are, and the more powerful the thunderstorms are that make up the cyclone. Lupit's cloud temperatures were colder than minus 63 Fahrenheit (-52.78 C), indicating very cold, high, strong thunderstorms within.

The ocean waters beneath Typhoon Lupit are over 80F (26.6 C), the threshold to maintain , so they're helping to strengthen the storm.

AIRS data is also coupled with data from AMSU create microwave images of storms. The AMSU image uses the radiances of the 89 GHz channel, and the cold areas in those images indicate where there is precipitation or ice in the cloud tops.

By using both the infrared and microwave , forecasters at the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) were able to see inside the storm. The JTWC discussion on October 16 said "Typhoon Lupit has developed an impressive convective structure evident in a microwave image, [from 4:59 a.m. EDT] as well as in recent animated infrared imagery which shows a tightly wrapped system with a banding eye. Lupit's intensification to typhoon strength has been enabled by excellent poleward outflow into the mid-latitude westerlies."

Microwave images are created when data from NASA's Aqua satellite AIRS and AMSU instruments are combined. The cold areas in this image of Lupit from Oct. 16 (yellow-green) indicate where there is precipitation or ice in the cloud tops. The microwave image suggests cold, high thunderstorms. Credit: NASA JPL, Ed Olsen

At 11 a.m. EDT (11 p.m. Asia/Manila Time) on October 16, Typhoon Lupit's maximum sustained winds were near 74 mph. Lupit's center was 400 nautical miles (643 kilometers) north of Palau, near 14.4 North latitude and 133.8 East longitude. Lupit was moving west at 20 mph (32 km/hr) and generating 17-foot-high waves.

Over the weekend, Typhoon Lupit is expected to continue moving generally in a west-northwest direction. The northern Philippines will likely feel the first effects of Lupit by 8:00 a.m. EDT (1200 UTC, or 8 p.m. Asia/Manila Time) on October 20. Storm-weary residents in Luzon, the Philippines should make preparations over the weekend.

Source: JPL/NASA (news : web)

Explore further: Magnitude-7.2 earthquake shakes Mexican capital

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Typhoon Choi-Wan swinging by Japan on weekend

Sep 18, 2009

Typhoon Choi-Wan passed the island of Iwo To stirring up heavy surf, hurricane-force winds and torrential, flooding rains. This weekend, it will continue on its northeasterly track paralleling Japan, while ...

Recommended for you

Magnitude-7.2 earthquake shakes Mexican capital

Apr 18, 2014

A powerful magnitude-7.2 earthquake shook central and southern Mexico on Friday, sending panicked people into the streets. Some walls cracked and fell, but there were no reports of major damage or casualties.

User comments : 0

More news stories

China says massive area of its soil polluted

A huge area of China's soil covering more than twice the size of Spain is estimated to be polluted, the government said Thursday, announcing findings of a survey previously kept secret.

UN weather agency warns of 'El Nino' this year

The UN weather agency Tuesday warned there was a good chance of an "El Nino" climate phenomenon in the Pacific Ocean this year, bringing droughts and heavy rainfall to the rest of the world.

Easter morning delivery for space station

Space station astronauts got a special Easter treat: a cargo ship full of supplies. The shipment arrived Sunday morning via the SpaceX company's Dragon cargo capsule.