Exerting better control over matter waves

Mar 27, 2009 By Miranda Marquit feature

(PhysOrg.com) -- “The concept of matter waves is at the heart of quantum mechanics,” Oliver Morsch tells PhysOrg.com. “At the beginning of the last century, scientists discovered that solid particles could exhibit properties of waves, such as interference and diffraction. Until then, it was assumed that only light behaved as a wave. But in the quantum world everything is basically a wave.”

Morsch is part of a group of scientists, including Alessandro Zenesini, Hans Lignier, Donatella Ciampini and Ennio Arimondo, at the University of Pisa in Italy. The group has discovered a way to more efficiently control matter waves in a setup that simulates a solid state system. “Once you have control over a quantum system,” Morsch explains, “you can learn any number of things, especially from a fundamental point of view. Additionally, it is worth noting that almost all of our modern technology is related in some way to quantum mechanical principles.” The group’s technique is described in Physical Review Letters: “Coherent Control of Dressed Matter Waves.”

In order to control the matter waves, Morsch and his colleagues created an optical lattice. “We, in effect, create a light crystal,” Morsch says. “It’s not a true solid, but it mimics the of a solid. It provides us with a sort of model system for solid state applications, allowing us to perform experiments without being bound by the naturally given physical properties of a solid.” Once the lattice is created, using lasers and mirrors, the Pisa University group shook the mirrors - and hence the optical lattice - to create a phenomenon known as dynamic localization.

“It’s very counter-intuitive,” Morsch says of dynamic localization. “Before we shake the lattice, atoms move freely throughout by . However, once we apply the shaking, they stop moving. For certain values, we can make sure that atoms stay put in one lattice site. We can also create a quantum phase transition so that the system changes its bulk properties when you change a parameter. In our experiment, we create a phase transition by shaking. That is our control over the matter waves.”

Instead of being a top to bottom approach, the Pisa group is interested in starting at the bottom - with individual particles. “Rather than trying to tweak the bulk system,” Morsch explains, “we are trying to tweak the properties of the individual particles to meet our needs. We are controlling the matter wave to shape it to our needs, and then using that to control the larger system.”

Morsch points out that, right now, this process is most interesting from a fundamental point of view. However, he believes that it is likely to develop into greater uses in the future. Morsch thinks that this method has potential applications in quantum control schemes, which could be important in the development of quantum computers and in directed chemical reactions. “If you look at the history of physics and , you find that each time you develop another handle on the quantum world - somehow learn how to better control the properties of a quantum system - new inventions and technology come about. This method of control is so new that it is impossible to really predict what, if anything, might come out of it.”

“For the most part,” Morsch continues, “this work represents yet another method that will give us more control over the quantum state of single particles. Over the last 15 or 20 years, it has become possible, and increasingly important, to exert control at the single-particle level. Our demonstration is in line with what existing theory shows, and could be another tool for the development of future quantum-based technologies.”

More information: Alessandro Zenesini, Hans Lignier, Donatella Ciampini, Oliver Morsch, and Ennio Arimondo, “Coherent Control of Dressed Matter Waves.” Physical Review Letters (2009). Available online: link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.100403 .

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User comments : 12

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Alexa
Mar 27, 2009
This comment has been removed by a moderator.
Auxon
5 / 5 (7) Mar 27, 2009
"At the beginning of the last century ...".



Apparently, not lying; you just cannot read.
Alizee
Mar 27, 2009
This comment has been removed by a moderator.
jonnyboy
3 / 5 (4) Mar 27, 2009
CptSunbeam, If you hang out here at all you will find that Alexa(or Alizee as she sometimes goes by) does this continually.


However, this article does make me wonder if we are getting close to being as good at this physics stuff as the beings that are projecting us into this apparent universe.


Turn your filter on and set it to a level of 2.0 (or higher) and you will almost never be bothered by her comments
E_L_Earnhardt
1 / 5 (5) Mar 27, 2009
"CANCER" is in the arena of quantum mechanics! I can not understand why we do not HEAR from them! Maybe this little, shy tidbit, is a toe in the water! I HOPE so!
Crackpot
1 / 5 (4) Mar 28, 2009
Sorry to bother the conformists that have not turned on the filter, but I think the wave-particle duality is best explained by an alternative model:

http://classicala...ons.html
Noumenon
4.7 / 5 (51) Mar 28, 2009
I'm not sticking up for AWT, but science, as a mode of progress, 'worships the gaps' in understanding itself, because that is where discoveries are mined, those are the interesting areas.
Noumenon
4.8 / 5 (49) Mar 28, 2009
I understand better now what you meant; They use a lack of knowledge as if it were positive knowledge.
AWT
1 / 5 (6) Mar 28, 2009
wave-particle duality is best explained by an alternative model
The model of particles as Mobius strip isn't very new one and it appears somewhat ad-hoced in your theory - so it can not be used for explanation of anything else.

http://members.ch...tron.pdf

But your math connections are amazing and definitelly worth further study and thorough analysis. Did you published some more detailed info about your theory?
AWT
1 / 5 (6) Mar 28, 2009
...past knowledge must be referenced...
This is exactly, why I'm using name Aether Wave Theory for my model with respect to scientific priority of Aether concept. But somehow scientists don't like the references to previous models, if they don't play well with contemporary propaganda. I'm sure, if I would call AWT theory by some other name, it would be accepted a way better by science community.

Anyway, I strongly agree with your stance "past knowledge must be referenced" and this is was reason of my first post. I don't like presentation of matter wave concept by sentence "..until then, it was assumed that only light behaved as a wave.." - just because concept of matter waves is quite classical in quantum mechanics (Luis deBroglie, 1929). So I consider a perex of this article a "crackpotish" just by your own criterions.
Crackpot
1 / 5 (2) Mar 28, 2009
AWT:
The essence of the model is the 180 degree twist for every half wavelength in the closed electromagnetic waves. That allows for half-period waves because positive and negative amplitudes will be identical (the Mobius property). I have never seen others using that idea. By the way, I would like to read your pdf-file, but it doesn't display correctly on my PC (unrecognizable font).

Can not be used for explanation of anything else? I think explaining the elementary charge, the two kinds of charge and possibly gravitation is not bad for a hypothesis using only electromagnetic waves, and no extra dimensions or fundamental new laws. And doesn't it make the particle-wave duality reasonable?

The math can be checked by anyone with some basic skills, so more details about the model should not be necessary. It is simple!
Alizee
Mar 28, 2009
This comment has been removed by a moderator.
Alizee
Mar 28, 2009
This comment has been removed by a moderator.
NeilFarbstein
1 / 5 (1) Mar 30, 2009
jiggling matter is expected to chnage the way it interetcets with itself- I nwat to see some experiments on real matter.
Weir
3 / 5 (2) Mar 31, 2009
I don't think anyone really believes in probability waves. Matter waves indicate a fundamental discontinuity in space and time. Light comes to us as a series of pulses consistent with the Planck constant, the Planck-Einstein relation and the de Broglie wave equation. This is powerful evidence that space and time are discontinuous, oscillating between atomic space frames and timeless and spatially indeterminate quantum frames that constitute a boundless quantum energy field that is orthogonal to the integrated fabric of space-time as we know it. Einstein doubted the spacetime continuum basis of General Relativity late in life. The only alternative is a discontinuous and synchronous universe. Atoms are projected as very rapid series of space frames linked up by light in a cosmic movie. Atoms are particles and waves at the same time because one oscillation defines one primary interval of time. Light can only travel a limited distance with respect to each atom in each space frame so its speed is universal. It defines external space with respect to the internal spherical space of an atom. There is no other universal measuring rod out there. All relative particulate motion occurs as jumps between successive space frames so position and momentum can not possibly be known at the same time. The Lorentz Transformations derive directly from a unique system of historic coordinates. See the article Gravity, Quantum Relativity & System 3 at http://www.cosmic...ach.com.
KBK
1 / 5 (1) Mar 31, 2009
Which leads straight to the idea of 2-d stress fields of infinite amplitude..and their intersect..which leads to a vector of energy...which is the vortex. With oscillation and frequency. Wave and particle in appearance. Which is the only reason a 'laser' can 'slow it down'.

'Just passing through!', the infinite amplitude interaction says....

Thus the 3-d world -- this particular vector.

Thus all laws of known quantities and probability, including time travel, psychics, matter conversion, unidirectional time, gravitation, multiple dimensions, etc, etc, etc.

It's really---rather straightforward.