Citizen scientists name planet

December 15, 2015
Artist's impression of Thestias around its star Pollux. Credit: NASA/ESA and G. Bacon (STScI).

Volunteers from the Perth based citizen astronomy project theSkyNet have won the right to name a planet around a distant star as part of a global contest run by the International Astronomical Union (IAU).

The winning name is Thestias, the grandfather in Greek mythology of Pollux, which is the name of this 'exoworld's' star.

Astronomy community groups around the globe were invited by the IAU to suggest names for 19 'exoplanet' systems spanning the galaxy. The suggested names were then put to a worldwide , and theSkyNet project's suggestion came out on top for one of the 19 planet groups.

To determine which suggestion would be submitted to the IAU, theSkyNet's volunteers were invited to pitch their best planet names to an internal competition.

Based at the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR), theSkyNet has over 200,000 volunteers globally, more than 7,000 of which are active at any one time.

After 43 ideas and an internal vote amongst volunteers, the submission was made for the planet around Pollux. Pollux is a bright star in the constellation Gemini, right near the constellation Orion, and the 'saucepan'—a grouping of stars that's well known throughout Australia.

The planet now known as Thestias is more than twice as large as Jupiter and was officially discovered in 2006 by astronomers in the United States.

As part of the naming of Thestias, the team at theSkyNet will also have the chance to name a within the solar system's asteroid belt, the name of which will become official sometime in mid-2016.

Volunteer Rich Matthews from the USA submitted the original proposal to name the planet around Pollux to theSkyNet, and after a change suggested by the IAU to avoid confusion with other objects in space, Thestias was officially named today.

More information is available in the following announcement from the International Astronomical Union. Images and press contacts are included at the bottom of the release.

Final Results of NameExoWorlds Public Vote Released

The votes are in—the names of 19 "ExoWorlds" (14 stars and 31 exoplanets orbiting around them) have been chosen by public vote in the NameExoWorlds contest, and accepted by the IAU. Reflecting the truly international interest in astronomy, over half a million votes from 182 countries and territories contributed to the new official designations of the alien worlds.

Although people have been naming celestial objects for millennia, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) is the authority responsible for assigning official names to celestial bodies. The NameExoWorlds contest provided the first opportunity for the public to name exoplanets, and their stars. The winning names are to be used freely in parallel with the existing scientific nomenclature, with due credit to the clubs or organizations that proposed them.

With voting concluding on 31 October 2015, a total of 573,242 votes from the public have contributed to the naming of 31 exoplanets and 14 "host stars" beyond our own. Proposers of the winning names are to be awarded a plaque commemorating their contribution to astronomy, and they will be given the exciting opportunity to name a minor planet.

The public voted on the 274 proposed ExoWorld names submitted by a wide variety of astronomy organizations from 45 countries all over the world (www.iau.org/news/pressreleases/detail/iau1511)—these included amateur astronomy groups, schools, universities and planetariums. The successful entries were received from across the globe—4 were received from North America (USA, Canada), 1 from Latin America (Mexico), 2 from the Middle East & Africa (Morocco, Syria), 6 from Europe (France, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland), and 6 from Asia-Pacific (Australia, Japan, Thailand).

The IAU Executive Committee Working Group on the Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites validated all individual cases of the winning names from the vote, as stipulated in the guidelines, and made appropriate modifications to the original proposals where necessary, in full agreement with the proposers.

However, after extensive deliberation, the Committee decided to annul the vote for one particular ExoWorld—tau Boötis—as the winning name was judged not to conform with the IAU rules for naming exoplanets. To this end, the IAU will organize a new contest to decide the name of tau Boötis in the future.

Winners, credit IAU.

The newly adopted take the form of different mythological figures from a wide variety of cultures from across history, as well as famous scientists, fictional characters, ancient cities and words selected from bygone languages:

Star: 14 Andromedae—Veritae

Planet: 14 Andromedae b—Spe

Star: 18 Delphini—Musica

Planet: 18 Delphini b—Arion

Star: 42 Draconis—Fafnir

Planet: 42 Draconis b—Orbitar

Star: 47 Ursae Majoris—Chalawan

Planet: 47 Ursae Majoris b—Taphao Thong

Planet: 47 Ursae Majoris c—Taphao Kaew

Star: 51 Pegasi—Helvetios

Planet: 51 Pegasi b—Dimidium

Star: 55 Cancri—Copernicus

Planet: 55 Cancri b—Galileo

Planet: 55 Cancri c—Brahe

Planet: 55 Cancri d—Lippershey

Planet: 55 Cancri e—Janssen

Planet: 55 Cancri f—Harriot

Planet: Ain b (epsilon Tauri b)—Amateru

Planet: Edasich b (iota Draconis b)—Hypatia

Star: epsilon Eridani—Ran

Planet: epsilon Eridani b—AEgir

Planet: Errai b (gamma Cephei b)—Tadmor

Planet: Fomalhaut b (alpha Piscis Austrini b)—Dagon

Star: HD 104985—Tonatiuh

Planet: HD 104985 b—Meztli

Star: HD 149026—Ogma

Planet: HD 149026 b—Smertrios

Star: HD 81688—Intercrus

Planet: HD 81688—Arkas

Star: mu Arae—Cervantes

Planet: mu Arae b—Quijote

Planet: mu Arae c—Dulcinea

Planet: mu Arae d—Rocinante

Planet: mu Arae e—Sancho

Planet: Pollux b (beta Geminorum b)—Thestias

Star: PSR 1257+12—Lich

Planet: PSR 1257+12 b—Draugr

Planet: PSR 1257+12 c—Poltergeist

Planet: PSR 1257+12 d—Phobetor

Explore further: Can one buy the right to name a planet? IAU responds

More information: www.theskynet.org/ and nameexoworlds.iau.org/

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