Image: Hubble sees a swirl of star formation

May 27, 2013
Credit: European Space Agency/NASA Hubble

(Phys.org) —This beautiful, glittering swirl is named, rather un-poetically, J125013.50+073441.5. A glowing haze of material seems to engulf the galaxy, stretching out into space in different directions and forming a fuzzy streak in this image. It is a starburst galaxy—a name given to galaxies that show unusually high rates of star formation. The regions where new stars are being born are highlighted by sparkling bright blue regions along the galactic arms.

Studying starburst galaxies can tell us a lot about galactic evolution and star formation. These galaxies start off with huge amounts of gas, which is used to form new stars. This period of furious star formation is only a phase; once all the gas is used up, this star birth slows down. Other famous starbursts captured by Hubble include the Antennae Galaxies and Messier 82, the latter of which is forming new stars ten times faster than our galaxy, the Milky Way.

The data for this image were collected using Hubble's 3 as part of a study named LARS ( Reference Sample), which is investigating the interaction between radiation and matter in relatively nearby starburst galaxies.

Explore further: The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope: Unlocking the secrets of dark matter and dark energy

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