Why are some people greener than others?

Jun 12, 2012

Differences in attitudes and cultural values could have far-reaching implications for the development of a sustainable global society, according to an analysis to be published in the International Journal of the Sustainable Economy.

Rune Ellemose Gulev of the University of Applied Sciences Kiel, Germany, has explored the associated with sustainability that makes some people more inclined to adopt what might conventionally be considered as sustainable attitudes and behavior. Asking what promotes sustainable attitudes in different people has until now been a question to which little scientific insight has been applied. In order to explore the various and the ethical stance taken by individuals Gulev has collated a set of values and attitudes from different throughout Europe. These have then been contrasted with what are considered to be sustainable behaviors by definition.

In the face of , , melting icecaps, the depletion of natural resources, the destruction of rainforests, and many other environmental concerns, the notion of sustainability is high on the agenda. If we are to address the then finding alternative ways to maintain or improve our lifestyle without further damaging the environment is essential to progress. The concepts of gender and , literacy rates, education possibilities, and poverty alleviation must also be incorporated into the sustainability equation.

To explore the root of sustainable behavior, values and attitudes of different populations were probed and correlated against sustainable behavior. The values pivoted around the basic beliefs different populations harbored towards actions that may support sustainability. For example, being unselfish is an important quality to encourage as is being prepared to do something to improve the conditions in your community. The attitudes also hinged on priorities individuals set when considering sustainable agendas. For instance, sustainable development should be a priority for society while the social responsibility of business leaders should be high towards society.

Both data sets were correlated against sustainable practices within the focus countries. From these correlation tests, the researchers noticed that the majority of positive correlations existed between attitudes towards business practices and sustainable behavior along both environmental and social sustainability. That is, countries in which the populace expressed concerns towards e.g. having high social cohesion, or having tolerance and respect being important qualities that children should learn, also scored highly with regards to environmental and social sustainability. Overwhelmingly positive correlations such as these support the notion that the greater the inclination to such values and attitudes, the more likely it is that environmental sustainability and social sustainability are priorities for domestic stakeholders.

The strong correlations suggest that it is possible that adopting sustainable practices can reinforce the attitudes that prompted the initiative towards greater sustainable behavior in the first place. As such, having attitudes that make a small shift towards promoting greater sustainable business practices may be the starting point for building sustainability agendas. Sparking the sustainability debate is a first step and once the ball is rolling this might imply that businesses would be more pro-sustainability, which would then cause a further shift towards greater sustainable attitudes in the populace. The overwhelmingly strong positive correlations evidenced between attitudes and practices certainly seem to support this theory of reinforcement, says Gulev.

"Taken holistically, the results provide clear indication that some attitudes and values in people do facilitate sustainable behavior and that these attitudes and values can be fostered to create greater sustainable behavioral practices," Gulev concludes. "It is hoped that the results initiate a debate and further motivation for research into sustainable practices."

Explore further: Spain defends Canaries oil drilling plan

More information: "Exploring cultural values connected to sustainability: why some people are more likely to act in a sustainable manner than others" in Int. J. Sustainable Economy, 2012, 4, 286-299

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NotParker
2.2 / 5 (10) Jun 12, 2012
The classic counter argument to "green values" is the lowly plastic shopping bag. People want to feel good so they ban shopping bags. They switch to reusable bags which people don't clean and which ends up covering their food in live dangerous bacteria. The plastic bag is a totally trivial amount of plastic compared to all the packaging around the food they buy.

But to some people it is better to do something, anything, before the world ends ... no matter how stupid and counter productive.

Another classic is DDT. Killing 100 million Africans with malaria is better than spraying an evil pesticide that would have save their lives.

Terriva
3.5 / 5 (6) Jun 12, 2012
It's disputable, what the sustainable behavior actually is. For example the eating of vegetables may appear like more sustainable behavior than the consummation of meat - but it doesn't explain, why the people in the deserts or arctic areas are consuming meat nearly exclusively. But the simple analysis will reveal, why is it so: the meat is much more concentrated source of proteins, than the vegetables and the pasturage can produce these proteins from wild plants more effectively than the agriculture - which can use only cultural plants, which do require lotta water and fertilizers for their sustainable cultivation. So whereas the production of one kilogram of poultry requires 10x more of water than the production of the same weight of vegetables, due its 20x higher content of proteins such "unsustainable food" suddenly becomes more sustainable, than the vegetables. In Czech we have a proverb: "Dvakrat mer, jednou rez", which roughly means "Look before you leap".
Terriva
4.8 / 5 (5) Jun 12, 2012
In India, where the pasturage can use the surface atmospheric water - whereas the agriculture requires the irrigation from nonrenewable wells with fossil water the eating of veggies is less sustainable way of life, than for example in western countries, where farming of animals relies on feeding with agricultural products instead of pasturage. The agriculture is even less sustainable, as it requires the recycling of minerals into soil in form of fertilizers, which would get otherwise exhausted gradually.
freethinking
3.8 / 5 (5) Jun 12, 2012
Property rights is another important issue. People keep clean what is theirs.
My business is the greenest of its kind in and around the city that it's in. However we cannot get government contracts because we are not unionized. We are green because I hate wasting anything.
Vendicar_Decarian
3 / 5 (10) Jun 13, 2012
The correlation between personal greed and a lack of concern for the environment interests me.

"The classic counter argument to "green values" is the lowly plastic shopping bag." - ParkerTard

"They switch to reusable bags which people don't clean and which ends up covering their food in live dangerous bacteria." - ParkerTard

I used a washable bag made of woven canvas for at least 15 years until it finally wore out.

Sadly I have looked for a very long time for a replacement and have yet to find one that has the same size, and convenience. Canvas messenger bags come close, but don't have the same volume or construction.
Vendicar_Decarian
2.8 / 5 (9) Jun 13, 2012
DDT has been in continual use in Africa since it's invention.

Parker Tard has been repeatedly told this but he continues to tell the lie that it has been banned.

"Another classic is DDT. Killing 100 million Africans with malaria is better than spraying an evil pesticide that would have save their lives." - ParkerTard

ParkerTard's lie is a common lie repeated continually by anti-environment Conservatives, and the Libertairan Propaganda industry.

ParkerTard's lie can be traced back to the work of the Libertarian Propaganda group "Africa Fighting Malaria"

Formed in 2000, AFM's staff members have current or former links with a range of right-wing and free market think tanks including the Competitive Enterprise Institute, Institute of Economic Affairs and Tech Central Station, organisations that are all critical of environment movements, as is AFM itself.

Cont...
Vendicar_Decarian
2.8 / 5 (9) Jun 13, 2012
Documents in the Legacy Tobacco Document Archive show that in the planning stages AFM unsuccessfully sought the support of the tobacco industry, which hoped to divert resources from efforts by the World Health Organization to reduce smoking. Investigative reporter Adam Sarvana describes AFM as a "front group"

Staff:
Roger Bate - A fellow of the American Enterprise Institute and Competitive Enterprise Institute, and founder of the European Science and Environment Forum.

Richard Tren - Director. Also a fellow of the Institute of Economic Affairs, and analyst for the Free Market Foundation.

Jasson Urbach - South African Director. Also affiliated with the Free Market Foundation

If it has Libertarian Links, then you know it is a front group designed to lie to the American people.

Which Libertarian Organization is the congenital liar ParkerTard funded by?

antialias_physorg
3.3 / 5 (7) Jun 13, 2012
They switch to reusable bags which people don't clean and which ends up covering their food in live dangerous bacteria.

What foods do you buy that aren't wrapped (either by a natural peel or another container) when putting it in your bag? The 'bacteria' argument is totally bogus.

Not doing something because it's only a small percentage of the problem isnt the right attitude. Every bit helps. In the beginning people were laughing at alternative energy concepts because they only provided 1 percent of the needed power - saying "that will never be significant". Look where it is now. As with every great change: You have to start somewhere.
NotParker
2.5 / 5 (8) Jun 13, 2012
They switch to reusable bags which people don't clean and which ends up covering their food in live dangerous bacteria.

What foods do you buy that aren't wrapped (either by a natural peel or another container) when putting it in your bag? The 'bacteria' argument is totally bogus.


1) Do you ever place your food or bag in the part of the buggy where young children sit who have diapers on? Why do you think there is no leakage?

2) "Nearly every bag examined for bacteria by researchers at the University of Arizona and Loma Linda University found whopping amounts of bugs. Coliform bacteria, suggesting raw-meat or uncooked-food contamination, was in half of the bags, and E. coli was found in 12 percent of the bags.

Running the bags through a washer or cleaning them by hand reduced bacteria levels to almost nothing, the study reported, but nearly all shoppers questioned said they do not regularly, if ever, wash their reusable bags. "
NotParker
2.5 / 5 (8) Jun 13, 2012
"Place products in a plastic bag to prevent juices from leaking onto other raw products in your shopping cart.

Tip: If plastic bags are not available at your grocer's meat counter, pick up a few extra bags in the produce section or consider bringing your own from home."

http://meatsafety...id/26023

"Every bit helps"

Same with cleanliness. Which should win out? Not using grams of plastic or keeping dangerous bacteria off your hands and out of your mouth?
Sinister1811
3 / 5 (6) Jun 13, 2012
The classic counter argument to "green values" is the lowly plastic shopping bag. People want to feel good so they ban shopping bags.


You make a relatively weak argument about plastic bags being benign. When plastic bags are either blown or dumped into the ocean, it can be threatening to many forms of marine life. Especially Green Sea Turtles, which often mistake the bags for jellyfish, and swallow the bags, which leads them to die of intestinal obstruction. Just saying.
rubberman
3.7 / 5 (6) Jun 13, 2012
"You make a relatively weak argument ......

You have now entered the world of NP. If you choose to engage in a back and forth, to successfully navigate this realm you will need a really good sense of humor, a "whack-a-mole" hammer and the strongest headache medication available.

(He's so far from green that whatever color he is isn't even on the wheel)
antialias_physorg
3.7 / 5 (6) Jun 13, 2012
Do you ever place your food or bag in the part of the buggy where young children sit who have diapers on? Why do you think there is no leakage?

Because food is wrapped at the store? And I don't buy food where I see that the container leaks. If it does - so what? Bags which aren't made of plastic can be put in the washing machine. Bags which are can be reused as trash bags.

Coliform bacteria, suggesting raw-meat or uncooked-food contamination, was in half of the bags, and E. coli was found in 12 percent of the bags.

You can find all of this stuff on most any glass in any pub. So what? Humans don't just keel over from the occasional bacteria. I think you'd be hard pressed to find even one dead (or even ill) person from 'shopping bag poisoning'.
NotParker
2.5 / 5 (8) Jun 13, 2012
The classic counter argument to "green values" is the lowly plastic shopping bag. People want to feel good so they ban shopping bags.


You make a relatively weak argument about plastic bags being benign. When plastic bags are either blown or dumped into the ocean, it can be threatening to many forms of marine life. Especially Green Sea Turtles, which often mistake the bags for jellyfish, and swallow the bags, which leads them to die of intestinal obstruction. Just saying.


I believe you think that happened once.

Have they banned garbage bags? Plastic containers? Plastic wrap? Plastic bags in other types of stores where the chance of getting e. coli poisoning is almost zero?

No. Some idiot came up with a campaign to make you feel good and it is the one place where cleanliness is essential.

And you walk out of a store with all your vegetables in their own plastic bags or sitting in bacteria laden reusable bags.

NotParker
2.5 / 5 (8) Jun 13, 2012
Do you ever place your food or bag in the part of the buggy where young children sit who have diapers on? Why do you think there is no leakage?

Because food is wrapped at the store?


And you wrap your food in ... plastic?

The idea of banning plastic bags is to make you feel good and make you die of food poisoning.

One of the key reasons environmentalists are considered the worlds biggest liars or dumber than a sack of hammers.
Sinister1811
2.6 / 5 (5) Jun 13, 2012
You have now entered the world of NP. If you choose to engage in a back and forth, to successfully navigate this realm you will need a really good sense of humor, a "whack-a-mole" hammer and the strongest headache medication available.

(He's so far from green that whatever color he is isn't even on the wheel)


Hahaha. LOL. Thanks for the laugh. Whack-a-mole, that was an absolute classic! And the rest was true as well.
NotParker
2.5 / 5 (8) Jun 13, 2012
You have now entered the world of NP. If you choose to engage in a back and forth, to successfully navigate this realm you will need a really good sense of humor, a "whack-a-mole" hammer and the strongest headache medication available.

(He's so far from green that whatever color he is isn't even on the wheel)


Hahaha. LOL. Thanks for the laugh. Whack-a-mole, that was an absolute classic! And the rest was true as well.


I wonder why some of you are so terrified that people disagree with your idiotic positions?

rubberman
3.3 / 5 (7) Jun 13, 2012
"I wonder why some of you are so terrified that people disagree with your idiotic positions?"

Because you think that sustainability and environmental conservation are idiotic positions. Up pops the first mole.
runrig
3 / 5 (4) Jun 16, 2012
You have now entered the world of NP. If you choose to engage in a back and forth, to successfully navigate this realm you will need a really good sense of humor, a "whack-a-mole" hammer and the strongest headache medication available.

(He's so far from green that whatever color he is isn't even on the wheel)


Hahaha. LOL. Thanks for the laugh. Whack-a-mole, that was an absolute classic! And the rest was true as well.


I wonder why some of you are so terrified that people disagree with your idiotic positions?



It's not terror sunshine - it's absolute incredulity

You're the kind of person who would argue with his doctor over ( say ) brain surgery on the basis that you know better having done some research on the internet about psychic surgeons.
NotParker
1.7 / 5 (6) Jun 16, 2012
"I wonder why some of you are so terrified that people disagree with your idiotic positions?"

Because you think that sustainability and environmental conservation are idiotic positions. Up pops the first mole.


But why are your positions so stupid they easy to demolish?

Why can't you be honest and say solar panels are stupid in northern climates because the amount of sunshine drops to 8% in Dec/Jan compared to June/July -- but we feel morally bound to throw away that much money.

Hamburg
203 w/m-2 in June
17w/m-2 in December.

You have to build 12x as much PV as you need to May, to make sure you have power in December.

Its insane. But I might have a tiny bit of respect for you if you admitted to being in favor of economically insane policies.

Terriva
3 / 5 (3) Jun 16, 2012
The plastic bag is a totally trivial amount of plastic compared to all the packaging around the food they buy
I'm not proponent of "green technology", but the cold fusion (which is green by its very definition), but the plastic bags are really harmful for life environment. Their amount is not insignificant: 31 million tons of plastic waste were generated in 2010, representing 12.4 percent of total MSW. In 2010, the United States generated almost 14 million tons of plastics as containers and packaging, almost 11 million tons as durable goods, such as appliances, and almost 7 million tons as nondurable goods, for example plates and cups.
SatanLover
3 / 5 (4) Jun 16, 2012
Why do some people possess more intelligence than others?
NotParker
1.7 / 5 (6) Jun 16, 2012
You're the kind of person who would argue with his doctor over ( say ) brain surgery on the basis that you know better having done some research on the internet about psychic surgeons.


I think the analogy is closer to you belonging to a cult and me attempting to be a deprogrammer.

Your adherence to your cult is so strong (but you know deep down it is stupid) that you are terrified of anyone who doesn't agree with you.
runrig
4 / 5 (4) Jun 17, 2012
You're the kind of person who would argue with his doctor over ( say ) brain surgery on the basis that you know better having done some research on the internet about psychic surgeons.


I think the analogy is closer to you belonging to a cult and me attempting to be a deprogrammer.

Your adherence to your cult is so strong (but you know deep down it is stupid) that you are terrified of anyone who doesn't agree with you.


No sorry, you really aren't the only sane one in the asylum - it's me that has the consensus behind me and you that are adhering to a cult.

BTW: Can you please confirm whether it's the fact that the Earth has warmed that you dispute or that it is, and you do not agree that CO2 is the cause?
NotParker
1.8 / 5 (5) Jun 17, 2012
You're the kind of person who would argue with his doctor over ( say ) brain surgery on the basis that you know better having done some research on the internet about psychic surgeons.


I think the analogy is closer to you belonging to a cult and me attempting to be a deprogrammer.

Your adherence to your cult is so strong (but you know deep down it is stupid) that you are terrified of anyone who doesn't agree with you.


No sorry, you really aren't the only sane one in the asylum - it's me that has the consensus behind me and you that are adhering to a cult.

BTW: Can you please confirm whether it's the fact that the Earth has warmed that you dispute or that it is, and you do not agree that CO2 is the cause?


According to HADCRU, the Earth warmed .7C from 1909 to 1943. CO2 was not the cause.

NotParker
1.8 / 5 (5) Jun 17, 2012

BTW: Can you please confirm whether it's the fact that the Earth has warmed that you dispute or that it is, and you do not agree that CO2 is the cause?


From 1943 to 1956 the earth cooled by .469C. CO2 was the cause.

NotParker
1.8 / 5 (5) Jun 17, 2012

BTW: Can you please confirm whether it's the fact that the Earth has warmed that you dispute or that it is, and you do not agree that CO2 is the cause?


From 1997 to 2011 the earth cooled by .013C. CO2 was the cause.
NotParker
1.8 / 5 (5) Jun 17, 2012
BTW: Can you please confirm whether it's the fact that the Earth has warmed that you dispute or that it is, and you do not agree that CO2 is the cause?


Has the earth warmed and cooled? Yes.

By how much?

It depends which thermometers you use, since pretty much all of the thermometers that existed in the 1930s don't exist any more and many of the locations no longer have thermometers in them.

It depends on whether you consider the changing sunshine.

It depends on how big the adjustments were and how much the past was artificially cooled by dishonest adjustments.

Etc etc.
TkClick
not rated yet Jun 18, 2012
freethinking
2 / 5 (2) Jun 18, 2012
Why is it when there is a rally for the environment by environmentalists, or any other progressive group, the rally site is trashed and litered with garbage? why is it when there is a concervative rally, ie. tea party rally, the place is left cleaner than before the rally started?

My young son noticed that, so I'm just asking?
runrig
1 / 5 (1) Jun 18, 2012


Has the earth warmed and cooled? Yes.

By how much?

It depends which thermometers you use, since pretty much all of the thermometers that existed in the 1930s don't exist any more and many of the locations no longer have thermometers in them.

It depends on whether you consider the changing sunshine.

It depends on how big the adjustments were and how much the past was artificially cooled by dishonest adjustments.

Etc etc.


A bit convoluted - but I take it from that, that you deny an overall Temp rise ( ~0.8C ) since the mid 20th century.

May I offer you a quote in response to the ( skeptic funded ) BEST Climate report.

"David Whitehouse, science adviser to The Global Warming Policy Foundation, a London-based think tank that has former British finance minister Nigel Lawson for chairman. "Everybody agrees that the temperature has warmed. The people who disagree about temperatures are the BARKING MAD end of the spectrum."
NotParker
2.3 / 5 (3) Jun 18, 2012


Has the earth warmed and cooled? Yes.

By how much?

It depends which thermometers you use, since pretty much all of the thermometers that existed in the 1930s don't exist any more and many of the locations no longer have thermometers in them.

It depends on whether you consider the changing sunshine.

It depends on how big the adjustments were and how much the past was artificially cooled by dishonest adjustments.

Etc etc.


A bit convoluted - but I take it from that, that you deny an overall Temp rise ( ~0.8C ) since the mid 20th century.


1953? Only .3C to 2011 - HADCRUT3

1944? Only .2C to 2011 - HADCRUT3

So ... which year? Why that particular year? Show your work.

Using HADCRUT3 it warmed almost .7C from 1909 to 1944.

What caused that? Lets call it mechanism X.

Was sunshine mechanism X?

http://sunshineho...us-tmax/

Prove there is no sunshine change after 1950.

freethinking
1 / 5 (1) Jun 18, 2012
I'm still waiting for an answer for my 10 year old who asked, "why when those who say they want to save the planet (environmentalists) use the park they leave so much garbage, just like those others" (refering to a union/progressive demonstration)

Any progressive or environmentalist want to answer him? Also answer me this for him, Why is it when the tea party or any conservative group has a protest, they leave the same park cleaner than the way they found it?