(PhysOrg.com) -- Swiss researchers have invented a new generation of tactile surfaces with relief effects users can feel actual raised keys under their fingers. This technology could have many applications, particularly in improving access to electronic media for the visually impaired.
Finally a true tactile surface! EPFL researchers have developed a way to control the texture of a screen so that the feeling of specific areas can be modified underneath a users fingertips. This technology, developed by EPFLs Integrated Actuators Laboratory (LAI) in Neuchâtel, is being designed for smartphones, tablets, computers, and vending machines.
Were adding the sense of touch to tactile surfaces, says Christophe Winter, a PhD student in the LAI who is writing his thesis on the subject. The term touch screen thats used to describe current technology is really a misnomer, because they only provide visual and auditory feedback.
By adding another layer of information to devices, this invention will improve their usability and thus improve the user experience. For example, it could be used to enrich online texts, drawing the readers attention to certain elements on the page, or to make video games even more entertaining, by adding an additional sensory dimension. And for the visually impaired, it could truly open up access to smartphones and other electronic devices.
A layer of air
To obtain this relief effect, the scientists used a material that vibrates when a voltage is applied to it. These materials are described as piezoelectric. The material expands and then returns to its original shape very rapidly, all at the nanometer scale. This movement generates micro-vibrations, whose intensity can be controlled mechanically, explains LAI director Yves Perriard. These vibrations whose amplitude is only about a micron, or one-hundredth of the thickness of a human hair are themselves imperceptible to us. But they create a very thin layer of air between the surface and a users finger, giving him or her the feeling that theres something raised underneath it.
Explore further: Collision course: ONR testing high-speed planing hulls to better understand wave slam