Novel transistor combines logic and memory functions, drastically reduces power consumption

Feb 01, 2011 By Mikiko Tanifuji
Principles of logic element operation and memory element operation. (a) When a positive voltage is applied to the gate electrode, metal atoms are supplied to the insulator from the gate electrode. (b) When the concentration of metal atoms in the vicinity of the source/drain electrodes exceeds a critical value, the insulator changes to a conductive state. (c) When an even higher voltage is applied, the metal atoms form a cluster. (d) It is necessary to apply a negative voltage in order to dissolve the cluster.

A group headed by Dr. Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, a Principal Investigator at the International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA; Japan), succeeded in the development of a novel transistor, the "atom transistor," which performs both logic and memory functions while reducing power consumption to 1 x 10-6 that of the conventional devices. Logic elements which are capable of retaining their state (i.e., memory) will be indispensible for the development of instant-on personal computers (PC) and other electronic equipment. The development in this work is expected to accelerate the realization of these devices.

In contrast to conventional transistors, which control the movement of electrons in a , the newly-developed “atom transistor” operates by transferring a very small amount of metal in an insulator. By using an insulator, which has higher resistance than a semiconductor, as the base material, and realizing on/off states by transfer of a tiny amount metal atoms in this material, the new device achieves a high on/off ratio on the same level as conventional semiconductor with extremely low .

Furthermore, it was found that the “atom transistor” also operates as a memory element which retains states by control of the operating voltage range.

As non-volatile logic circuits, which reconfigure circuits corresponding to computational results, are able to retain their state even when the power supply is turned off, high expectations are placed on the developed device as a new type of computer circuit for realizing PCs with zero starting time. Conventionally, one “logic element with memory” was formed by combining a logic element (transistor) and a memory element (memory).

However, with the conventional devices, the power consumption required for memory is extremely high, and low power consumption, in which memory power requirements are greatly reduced, had been considered necessary for practical application. The “atom transistor” developed in this research reduces the power consumption required for memory to 1/1,000,000 that of the conventional technology. In addition, because it possesses both logic and memory functions, it is expected to contribute to the realization of neural computing systems.

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More information: These results were published online by the scientific journal “Applied Physics Express (APEX)” on December 24, 2010. Title of paper: Volatile/Nonvolatile Dual-Functional Atom Transistor. Authors: Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, et al.

Provided by National Institute for Materials Science

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User comments : 5

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dakiro
not rated yet Feb 01, 2011
Looks like a possible revolution in solid state equipment.
winthrom
not rated yet Feb 01, 2011
Is the quantum issue at these scales a problem?
that_guy
1 / 5 (1) Feb 01, 2011
Is the quantum issue at these scales a problem?

judging by the fact that they succeeded in developing it, and that it uses so much less electricity...probably not to any extreme difficulty. And please be more specific...'quantum issue' is a pretty vague description. Voltage leakage, electron tunneling, etc, are better ways to describe what I think you're trying to describe.
GSwift7
1 / 5 (2) Feb 02, 2011
Anybody know if this is theoretical or experimental? The article doesn't say whether they actually demonstrated this or anything about whether the technology is scaleable or not.

This isn't the only way to build a low power memristor either. There are at least a couple other designs that have been tested in a lab. This sounds very much like the one at HP.
GSwift7
1 / 5 (1) Feb 02, 2011
from the memristor wiki page:

In April 2010, HP labs announced that they had practical memristors working at 1ns (~1GHz) switching times and 3 nm by 3 nm sizes, with electron/hole mobility of 1 m/s,[22] which bodes well for the future of the technology.[23] At these densities it could easily rival the current sub-25 nm flash memory technology.

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