Nanoscale heat engine exceeds standard efficiency limit
Quantum-to-classical transition may be explained by fuzziness of measurement references
Maxwell's demon can use quantum information to generate work
When liquids behave like solids
First stars in the universe left a unique signature
Determining the chemical abundance pattern left by the earliest stars in the universe is no easy feat. A Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientist is helping to do just that.
Researchers develop algorithm to help identify patient zero in an epidemic
Helium 'balloons' offer new path to control complex materials
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new method to manipulate a wide range of materials and their behavior using only a handful of helium ions.
Spintronics advance brings wafer-scale quantum devices closer to reality
An electronics technology that uses the "spin" - or magnetization - of atomic nuclei to store and process information promises huge gains in performance over today's electron-based devices. But getting there ...
New 'molecular movie' reveals ultrafast chemistry in motion
Scientists for the first time tracked ultrafast structural changes, captured in quadrillionths-of-a-second steps, as ring-shaped gas molecules burst open and unraveled. Ring-shaped molecules are abundant ...
At near absolute zero, molecules may start to exhibit exotic states of matter
The air around us is a chaotic superhighway of molecules whizzing through space and constantly colliding with each other at speeds of hundreds of miles per hour. Such erratic molecular behavior is normal ...
Scientists see ripples of a particle-separating wave in primordial plasma
Scientists in the STAR collaboration at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a particle accelerator exploring nuclear physics and the building blocks of matter at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven ...
Scientists one step closer to mimicking gamma-ray bursts
Using ever more energetic lasers, Lawrence Livermore researchers have produced a record high number of electron-positron pairs, opening exciting opportunities to study extreme astrophysical processes, such ...
Demonstration of room temperature spin transport in germanium
Researchers build new fermion microscope
Fermions are the building blocks of matter, interacting in a multitude of permutations to give rise to the elements of the periodic table. Without fermions, the physical world would not exist.