Bionic liquids from lignin: New results pave the way for closed loop biofuel refineries
(Phys.org) —While the powerful solvents known as ionic liquids show great promise for liberating fermentable sugars from lignocellulose and improving the economics of advanced biofuels, an even more promising ...
Water's reaction with metal oxides opens doors for researchers
A multi-institutional team has resolved a long-unanswered question about how two of the world's most common substances interact.
A breath reveals a hidden image in anti-counterfeit drug labels
An outline of Marilyn Monroe's iconic face appeared on the clear, plastic film when a researcher fogs it with her breath.
Cheap and compact medical testing: Researchers develop simple detector
(Phys.org) —Harvard researchers have created an inexpensive detector that can be used by health care workers in the world's poorest areas to monitor diabetes, detect malaria, discover environmental pollutants, ...
Researchers discover ant rivals mix venom creating first instance of naturally occurring ionic liquid
Scientists develop pioneering new spray-on solar cells
(Phys.org) —A team of scientists at the University of Sheffield are the first to fabricate perovskite solar cells using a spray-painting process – a discovery that could help cut the cost of solar electricity.
Two teams pave way for advances in 2D materials
Highly efficient nanoparticles could bring down the cost of fuel cells
(Phys.org) —Fuel cells are a promising, non-polluting way to power cars, but their platinum catalysts are so expensive that there's no way current technology could be economically scaled up for widespread ...
Researchers develop models to study polyelectrolytes, including DNA and RNA
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a novel and versatile modeling strategy to simulate polyelectrolyte systems. The model has applications for creating new materials as well as ...
Water and sunlight the formula for sustainable fuel
An Australian National University (ANU) team has successfully replicated one of the crucial steps in photosynthesis, opening the way for biological systems powered by sunlight which could manufacture hydrogen ...
Researchers create engineered energy absorbing material
(Phys.org) —Materials like solid gels and porous foams are used for padding and cushioning, but each has its own advantages and limitations. Gels are effective as padding but are relatively heavy; gel performance ...
Solar fuels as generated by nature
(Phys.org) —Society's energy supply problems could be solved in the future using a model adopted from nature. During photosynthesis, plants, algae and some species of bacteria produce sugars and other energy-rich ...
New tool identifies therapeutic proteins in a 'snap'
(Phys.org) —In human and bacterial cells, glycosylation – the chemical process of attaching complex sugar molecules to proteins – is as fundamental as it gets, affecting every biological mechanism from cell signaling ...
Insulin offers new hope for the treatment of acute pancreatitis
(Phys.org) —Scientists from The University of Manchester have discovered that insulin can protect the cells of the pancreas from acute pancreatitis – a disease
for which there is currently no treatment.