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Team creates custom-made molecules designed to be invisible while absorbing near-infrared light

Custom-made molecules designed to be invisible while absorbing near-infrared light
Organic phototransistor based on Py-FNTz-B. Credit: Advanced Science (2024). DOI: 10.1002/advs.202405656

Getting a molecule to do what you want it to do is not always easy. An organic molecule will absorb only certain wavelengths of light based on its arrangement of electrons, which can be difficult to fine tune. Even so, the ability to make substances that respond to only specific ranges of the spectrum could lead to important new applications.

There is currently significant interest in the design of new organic semiconducting materials for high-tech applications such as solar cells and transistors. In particular, molecules that can absorb but not , and so are colorless, have applications in everything from chemotherapy to photodetectors.

Some such compounds have already been developed but so far there has been no systematic process for making these molecules.

In a study recently published in Advanced Science, researchers from SANKEN at Osaka University were able to systematically design a large, complex molecule that does not absorb visible light, meaning that it is completely colorless and transparent, but it does absorb near-infrared radiation. This was accomplished by carefully constructing molecules that have suitable arrangements of electrons.

The absorbance of light by an organic compound is based on electrons moving between regions around atoms known as orbitals. In this work, the researchers show a methodical approach to constructing molecules having orbitals that allow some ranges of light to be absorbed but not others.

Custom-made molecules designed to be invisible while absorbing near-infrared light
Molecular design of colorless NIR-selective absorbing dye. Credit: Advanced Science (2024). DOI: 10.1002/advs.202405656

"The main challenge was finding a rational approach to constructing molecules with the desired electronic transitions," says lead author of the study, Soichi Yokoyama. "To do so, we focused on large structures having many delocalized electrons, using theoretical calculations to guide our selections."

These compounds were based on a so-called donor-acceptor-donor system and utilized a naphthobisthiadiazole group as the acceptor combined with either pyrrole or indenopyrrole donor groups along with boron bridges.

This specialized structure allowed electrons to spread out over wider areas of the molecules, producing just the right type of light absorption. The new molecule was exhaustively characterized and was found not to absorb in the visible region of the spectrum but to absorb near-infrared light, as planned.

"A somewhat similar molecule absorbing near-infrared radiation was reported some time ago," explains Yutaka Ie, senior author. "But this compound also absorbed visible light and so appeared blue. Our goal was to find a molecule that showed no color at all, to allow specific applications. A combination of an extended polyene structure and orbital symmetry were key."

The molecule was found to act as semiconductors and the pyrrole-based compound could also be used to construct a phototransistor responsive to near-infrared light. Many uses for that show unique optoelectronic properties and specific light absorption characteristics are yet to be explored.

This work is expected to pave the way for the future design of transparent, colorless molecules that respond to near-infrared light, which could lead to many new applications.

More information: Soichi Yokoyama et al, Colorless Near‐Infrared Absorbing Dyes Based on B‐N Fused Donor‐Acceptor‐Donor π‐Conjugated Molecules for Organic Phototransistors, Advanced Science (2024). DOI: 10.1002/advs.202405656

Journal information: Advanced Science

Provided by Osaka University

Citation: Team creates custom-made molecules designed to be invisible while absorbing near-infrared light (2024, June 17) retrieved 15 July 2024 from
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