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Research reveals the cause of diffuse aurora formation dominated by chorus waves

Research reveals the cause of diffuse aurora formation dominated by chorus waves
Van Allen Probe A and DMSP 16 observations. Credit: Science Bulletin (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.scib.2023.12.009

Recently, a research team led by Prof. Lu Quanming and Prof. Gao Xinliang from the School of Earth and Space Sciences and the Deep Space Exploration Laboratory at the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) has revealed the underlying cause of diffuse aurora formation dominated by chorus waves in the Earth's inner magnetosphere.

Their findings, titled "Why are the dominant driver for diffuse auroral precipitation," are published in the journal Science Bulletin.

Diffuse auroras play a crucial role in energizing the polar ionosphere and represent a strong coupling mechanism between the Earth's magnetosphere and ionosphere. They arise from the collision of electrons with atmospheric molecules after in the magnetosphere scatter the electrons into the loss cone through resonance scattering, causing them to precipitate into the atmosphere.

Additionally, whistler-mode chorus waves and electromagnetic electron cyclotron harmonic (ECH) waves are considered the two most important wave modes responsible for inducing diffuse aurora formation. While both wave types are theoretically expected to contribute equally, reveal that chorus waves predominantly influence formation, presenting a scientific challenge that urgently needs addressing.

Joint observations from the Van Allen Probe A and DMSP satellites in the United States have found that chorus waves and ECH waves have comparable amplitude strengths and can independently cause electron precipitation in the . More importantly, a long-neglected observational phenomenon was revealed: there is a significant negative correlation between the amplitudes of the two plasma waves, indicating that the amplitude of ECH waves is strongly suppressed by chorus waves.

Satellite statistics further demonstrate that the suppressive effect of chorus waves on ECH waves is widespread globally. Utilizing computer particle simulation methods and data from Japan's Arase satellite, it was confirmed that chorus waves can effectively inhibit ECH waves by rapidly reshaping electron distributions.

These research findings indicate that although both chorus waves and ECH waves can cause diffuse auroras, chorus waves ultimately become the primary contributors to diffuse aurora formation due to their suppressive effect on ECH waves. The dominance of chorus waves is an inevitable consequence of the interaction between these two wave modes. These are expected advance our comprehensive understanding of diffuse auroral phenomena on Earth and other planets.

More information: Xinliang Gao et al, Why chorus waves are the dominant driver for diffuse auroral precipitation, Science Bulletin (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.scib.2023.12.009

Provided by University of Science and Technology of China

Citation: Research reveals the cause of diffuse aurora formation dominated by chorus waves (2024, May 13) retrieved 25 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-05-reveals-diffuse-aurora-formation-dominated.html
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