This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:

fact-checked

peer-reviewed publication

proofread

Team reports on ultrafast laser state active controlling based on anisotropic quasi-1D material

Ultrafast laser state active controlling based on anisotropic quasi-1D material
a, The direction-dependent optical properties of Ta2PdS6. Theoretical simulations of the polarized optical absorption of Ta2PdS6. Ta2PdS6 exhibits significant polarized absorption properties under optical excitation at 1.56 μm (corresponding to a photon energy of about 0.8 eV). b, The polarization-dependent transmission at various incidence powers. The anisotropic transmittance of Ta2PdS6 was experimentally measured under laser excitation at a wavelength of 1.56 μm. The results show that the light absorption intensity is related to the polarization state, and the polarization contrast increases with the increase in pump power. c, Ta2PdS6 nonlinear transmission versus energy intensity at various tilt angles. d, The nonsaturable loss of Ta2PdS6 for various tilt angles. With the polarization control angle from 0° to 180°, the parameters of Ta2PdS6 saturation intensity and modulation depth formed regular oscillations. Among them, the non-saturable loss shows a significant variation, with the maximum saturable absorption loss of about 65.8% at a tilt angle of 0° and the minimum saturable loss of about 56.3% at a tilt angle of 180°. The polarization-dependent variation of the non-saturable loss in quasi-one-dimensional Ta2PdS6 provides a new degree of freedom for the state regulation of ultrafast systems. Credit: Zixin Yang, Qiang Yu, Jian Wu, Haiqin Deng, Yan Zhang, Wenchao Wang, Tianhao Xian, Luyi Huang, Junrong Zhang, Shuai Yuan, Jinyong Leng, Li Zhan, Zongfu Jiang, Junyong Wang, Kai Zhang, and Pu Zhou

Tunable ultrafast lasers with adjustable parameters, such as wavelength, intensity, pulse width and laser states are desirable as next-generation intelligent light sources. Due to complex nonlinear effects within the ultrafast system, it is challenging for laser state active controlling (LSAC) in ultrafast fiber lasers, especially for passive mode-locking, in a convenient and controllable manner.

Anisotropic low-dimensional materials with reduced in-plane symmetry exhibit polarization-dependent properties, providing additional degrees of freedom in compact tunable photonic devices.

In a new paper published in Light: Science & Applications, a team of scientists led by Professor Pu Zhou from the College of Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, National University of Defense Technology, China, Professor Kai Zhang from Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China, and co-workers has achieved the LSAC between conventional soliton (CS) and noise-like pulse (NLP) by polarization control based on a quasi-one-dimensional layered material switcher.

The polarization-sensitive nonlinear optical response facilitates the Ta2PdS6-based mode-lock laser to sustain two laser states, i.e., CS and NLP. The laser state was switchable in the single fiber laser with a mechanism revealed by numerical simulation. Digital coding was further demonstrated in this platform by employing the laser as a codable light source.

  • Ultrafast laser state active controlling based on anisotropic quasi-1D material
    a, The phase noise characteristics of the CS state laser. b, The phase noise characteristics of the NLP state laser. The pulse noise performance of the two different states shows that the phase noise (timing jitter) of the CS state is better than the NLP. c, DFT recording of single-shot spectra over 25 consecutive round trips d, The six typical frames of NLP spectra based on the dispersive Fourier transform technique. The flanking of the NLP spectra measured by the dispersive Fourier transform technique varies from shot to shot, but the bandwidth remains essentially unchanged when compared with that of the spectrometer. Six typical frame-by-frame spectral traces illustrate the evolution of the NLP spectrum more visually. The strongest peaks of its spectrum alternate at the center wavelength, and the evolution of the sidebands is rather chaotic. The phenomenon can be attributed to the properties of NLP, i.e., a cluster of pulses consisting of a series of sub-pulses with randomly distributed amplitudes and durations. Credit: Zixin Yang, Qiang Yu, Jian Wu, Haiqin Deng, Yan Zhang, Wenchao Wang, Tianhao Xian, Luyi Huang, Junrong Zhang, Shuai Yuan, Jinyong Leng, Li Zhan, Zongfu Jiang, Junyong Wang, Kai Zhang, and Pu Zhou
  • Ultrafast laser state active controlling based on anisotropic quasi-1D material
    In the pump power range of 450mw ~ 830mw, switching between two different laser states, CS and NLP, can be achieved at a constant pump power by simply adjusting the tilt angle of the polarization controller. The output spectrum of a Ta2PdS6-based ultrafast fiber laser for a continuous conversion operation over a period of 3.5 h. The spectra of the two laser states before and after the conversion are unchanged, demonstrating the stability of the state switching of the ultrafast fiber laser based on Ta2PdS6. Credit: Zixin Yang, Qiang Yu, Jian Wu, Haiqin Deng, Yan Zhang, Wenchao Wang, Tianhao Xian, Luyi Huang, Junrong Zhang, Shuai Yuan, Jinyong Leng, Li Zhan, Zongfu Jiang, Junyong Wang, Kai Zhang, and Pu Zhou

Polarization control is a to adjusting the intracavity parameters and controlling the operating laser states.

Summarizing the main findings from the tunable , the scientists say, "(1) the anisotropic quasi-one-dimensional layered material Ta2PdS6 was utilized as a saturable absorber to modulate the nonlinear parameters effectively in an ultrafast system by polarization-dependent absorption; (2) the polarization-sensitive nonlinear optical response facilitates the Ta2PdS6-based mode-lock laser to sustain two distinct types of laser states, i.e., CS and NLP; (3) the laser state was switchable in the single fiber laser with a mechanism revealed by numerical simulation; and (4) digital coding was further demonstrated in this platform by employing the laser as a codable light source."

"The controlled and stable switching of distinct pulsed laser modes in a single ultrafast fiber laser system represents significant advances in compact ultrafast photonics, which offers prospects of applications such as communications coding and optical switching."

More information: Zixin Yang et al, Ultrafast laser state active controlling based on anisotropic quasi-1D material, Light: Science & Applications (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41377-024-01423-3

Journal information: Light: Science & Applications

Provided by Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics And Physics

Citation: Team reports on ultrafast laser state active controlling based on anisotropic quasi-1D material (2024, April 10) retrieved 20 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-04-team-ultrafast-laser-state-based.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

Two types of ultrafast mode-locking operations generation from an Er-doped fiber laser based on germanene nanosheets

5 shares

Feedback to editors