This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:

fact-checked

reputable news agency

proofread

Ancient giant tortoise fossils found in Colombian Andes

Ancient giant tortoise fossils found in Colombian Andes
Giant tortoises discovered in Socha, Boyacá, about 1.5 meters long. Credit: University of Rosario

Paleontologists have discovered giant tortoise fossils in Colombia dating back some 57 million years, the university leading the excavation said, with the findings key to understanding South America's prehistoric eras.

The fossils of the extinct reptiles—Puentemys mushaisaensis—were about 1.5 meters (5 feet) long and were found in the mountainous municipality of Socha, in the country's northeast, the University of Rosario said in a statement Wednesday.

The discovery is unprecedented in the Andean area, as the nearest other excavations of the species are hundreds of kilometers away near the Caribbean sea.

"Finding them 500 kilometers (310 miles) to the south... allows us to reconstruct and understand what the landscapes were like" in northern South America during the Paleocene and Eocene epochs, when the Andean region was a lower-elevation range with interconnected lakes, said paleontologist Edwin Cadena, who headed the research.

The epochs are parts of the Paleogene period from 66 million to 23 million years ago, the first geological era after the extinction of the dinosaurs.

More information: Edwin Cadena et al, DISTRIBUCIÓN PALEOBIOGEOGRÁFICA MÁS AMPLIA DE TORTUGAS BOTREMIDIDAS EN EL NORTE DE SUR AMÉRICA DURANTE EL PALEOCENO–EOCENO, Publicación Electrónica de la Asociación Paleontológica Argentina (2024). DOI: 10.5710/PEAPA.14.02.2024.499

© 2024 AFP

Citation: Ancient giant tortoise fossils found in Colombian Andes (2024, April 25) retrieved 25 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-04-ancient-giant-tortoise-fossils-colombian.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

High mountains, high diversity: For how long have the Andes controlled South America's biodiversity?

289 shares

Feedback to editors