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Online platform to improve disaster preparedness using community-sourced data, resource mapping, AI

disaster preparedness
Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain

The report "Towards Resilient Communities," released today (Feb. 29), provides details on the platform developed by researchers at the ARC Center of Excellence for Automated Decision-Making and Society (ADM+S) at Swinburne University in partnership with Humanitech at the Australian Red Cross.

Prof. Anthony McCosker, Chief Investigator at the ADM+S at Swinburne University and lead author of the report said, "When disasters occur in Australia, particularly in , one of the biggest issues is access to reliable and useful information.

"Post disaster reviews consistently tell us that and community organizations need to be involved in generating that information and supported to access it with better tools and platforms. For us this is about building community data capability—or the skills and tools needed to support local decision-making.

"The community resource mapping approach aims to achieve a step-change in disaster preparedness by embedding data-gathering and capability development in the community context as it evolves."

Government reports and disaster management inquiries have consistently found that data and information are vital to disaster resilience and that this is not only the domain of emergency services but community members themselves can actively contribute.

Katy Southall Head of Humanitech at Australian Red Cross said in today's rapidly evolving landscape of , collaboration between research, technology, and humanitarian efforts is vital.

"By harnessing community-sourced data, resource mapping, and AI tools, we can further empower communities by adding innovative tools to their preparedness toolkit.

"This platform not only fills gaps in access to information but also ensures we're putting communities first by ensuring local voices and knowledge are central to the process," said Southall.

Informal local sources of information and knowledge have been vital to emergency responses in rural and isolated prone to bushfires, flooding, heat and storm damage.

Their importance was evident in the response to bushfires across southern New South Wales and Victoria in 2019–2020 and during the 2022 floods in Queensland and Lismore. Residents of Lismore themselves identified social media posts from people seeking help as waters rose with collated addresses made available through a public Google spreadsheet. This information was used to coordinate local rescuers and resources such as boats and emergency accommodations.

The was trialed for Ararat in regional Victoria in late 2023, which includes areas of the Grampians damaged in recent bushfires. With the first stage bringing together about local organizations, amenities, and infrastructure that will help inform decision-making before, during and after a disaster event.

Rather than producing more data about communities, the platform emphasizes generating and mapping resources data with and within communities as an ongoing and iterative mode of resilience building and preparedness action.

While there is a long way to go to embed the work with specific communities, the model offers an approach to building context-responsive capabilities for resource mapping that puts local communities first.

More information: Anthony McCosker et al, Towards Resilient Communities: Data Capability and Resource Mapping for Disaster Preparedness, Swinburne University of Technology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Automated Decision-Making and Society (2023). DOI: 10.26185/hgz2-h212

Provided by ARC Centre of Excellence for Automated Decision-Making and Society

Citation: Online platform to improve disaster preparedness using community-sourced data, resource mapping, AI (2024, February 29) retrieved 27 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-02-online-platform-disaster-preparedness-community.html
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