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Antibacterial agent carried by nanoparticles used to treat COPD in mice

Antibacterial agent carried by nanoparticles used to treat COPD in mice
Schematic illustration of IMAMs penetrating mucus and biofilm for the immunoantibacterial treatment of COPD.(A) A scheme illustrating the construction of IMAMs (MEKCA/CAZ NPs). (B) A scheme illustrating IMAMs penetrating mucus and biofilm, followed by the charge/conformation transformation in the acidic environment. MEKCA NPs synergize with CAZ to eliminate bacterial infection, scavenge eDNA and gDNA, avoid excessive activation of immune cells, and ultimately achieve antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects. TFA, trifluoroacetic acid; IL-6, interleukin-6; TNF-α, tumor necrosis factor–α. Credit: Science Advances (2024). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abd7904

A team of nanochemists at Soochow University, in China, working with a colleague from Columbia University, in the U.S., has developed an inhalable antibacterial therapy carried by nanoparticles for treating patients with COPD. Their paper is published in the journal Science Advances.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a condition in which airways in the lungs become progressively narrower and harder, resulting in obstruction of airflow. It also results in the creation of mucus, which tends to accumulate. Such accumulations often lead to bacterial infections.

Over the years, scientists have developed a host of therapies to treat symptoms that accompany COPD—the condition itself is considered to be incurable. Such therapies target symptoms of coughing, itchy or burning lungs and inflammation. And while many such therapies offer some degree of relief, few offer much in the way of treating bacterial infections. This is because must pass through both a layer of mucus and the biofilms created by the bacteria. In this new effort, the research team created a that may overcome this problem.

To kill bacteria in the lungs, a drug must be able to access it directly. The team started with a drug known to kill the types of bacteria that infect the lungs. They then encapsulated it in a hollow, silica-based nanoparticle made with a negatively charged polypeptide. This protected the antibiotic agent as it traveled through the mucus. The nanoparticle then made its way through biofilms via reactions between the polypeptide and acids in the biofilm, allowing it to fight the bacteria on the other side.

The team first tested their approach using cells in a petri dish. Finding success, they tested it with mouse models and found that it was able to both effectively fight and quiet an , which led to reductions in inflammation. The researchers acknowledge that more testing is required, but also suggest that their technique holds promise for a paradigm shift in COPD management.

More information: Junliang Zhu et al, Inhaled immunoantimicrobials for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Science Advances (2024). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abd7904

Journal information: Science Advances

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Citation: Antibacterial agent carried by nanoparticles used to treat COPD in mice (2024, February 13) retrieved 12 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-02-antibacterial-agent-nanoparticles-copd-mice.html
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