Ultrathin 2D cuprate with active periodic copper single sites, a new catalyst for Chan-lam coupling
This study is led by Dr. Lu Jiong from National University of Singapore (NUS), in collaboration with Dr. Koh Ming Joo (NUS), Dr. Chun Zhang (NUS) and Dr. Honghan Fei from (Tongji University). This team has devised a ligand exchange strategy to exfoliate bulk cuprate crystals into atomically thin 2D cuprate layers whose basal plane contains periodic arrays of accessible unsaturated Cu(II) single sites (2D-CuSSs). Because of their unique structure, these 2D-CuSSs are found to catalyze efficient Chan-Lam coupling. This work was published in National Science Review last month.
Copper-catalyzed Chan-Lam coupling is a key oxidative coupling process that is extensively used in organic synthesis for the production of pharmaceutically important aryl carbon-heteroatom compounds. Compared to homogeneous catalysts for Chan-Lam coupling, heterogeneous ones are much less explored even though they are arguably more attractive in the chemical industry due to their easier separation and recycling. Although a number of heterogeneous Cu catalysts have been reported for this reaction, problems such as low stability and/or metal leaching are common.
"2D-CuSSs synthesized here contain a high density of accessible coordinatively unsaturated single Cu site arrays in 2D cuprate layer, which ensure them serve as efficient and robust heterogeneous catalyst candidates for cross-coupling reactions," Lu Jiong says.
The team tested a series of substituted anilines and boronic acids to examine the substrate scope of the C-N coupling catalyzed by 2D-CuSSs and demonstrated distinct advantages of 2D-CuSSs over traditional homogeneous counterparts. This can be attributed to the large open surface of 2D-CuSSs with abundance of undercoordinated Cu single sites.
The presence of atomically well-defined active sites also allows us to explore the structure-performance relationships and to gain molecular-level insights into the reaction mechanism as revealed by both operando experimental and theoretical studies. Overall, the robust stability in both batch and continuous flow reactions, coupled with their good catalytic performance in the preparation of complex amine and ether compounds underscore the potential applicability of 2D-CuSSs in fine chemical synthesis.
More information: Huimin Yang et al, Catalytically Active Atomically Thin Cuprate with Periodic Cu Single Sites, National Science Review (2022). DOI: 10.1093/nsr/nwac100
Provided by Science China Press