New fossil galaxy discovery could answer important questions about the history of the universe 

galaxy
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

A new fossil galaxy, which was uncovered via a systematic visual search of legacy survey images using the Mayall 4-meter telescope, led by Dr. David Martinez Delgado, could teach scientists about how galaxies form and confirm their understanding of cosmology and dark matter.  

Dr. Michelle Collins, an astronomer at the University of Surrey, UK and lead author of the paper announcing this discovery says that they "have found a new, extremely faint galaxy whose stars formed very early in the history of the Universe. This discovery marks the first time a galaxy this faint has been found around Andromeda using an astronomical survey that wasn't specifically designed for the task." 

Named "Pegasus V," the is located on the outskirts of Andromeda and appears as just a few sparse stars hidden in the sky. 

The discovery was made in collaboration with NSF NOIRLab and the International Gemini Observatory. 

Emily Charles, a Ph.D. student at the University of Surrey who was also involved in the study says that "the trouble with these extremely faint is that they have very few of the which we typically use to identify them and measure their distances. Gemini's large 8.1-meter mirror allowed us to find faint, old stars which enabled and allowed us to both to measure the distance to Pegasus V and to determine that its stellar population is extremely old." 

More astronomical facilities are looking into researching faint galaxies in the near future. 

The discovery was reported in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.


Explore further

Astronomers discover a new ultra-faint dwarf galaxy

More information: Michelle Collins et al, Pegasus V—a newly discovered ultra-faint dwarf galaxy on the outskirts of Andromeda, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2022). DOI: 10.48550/arXiv.2204.09068
Citation: New fossil galaxy discovery could answer important questions about the history of the universe  (2022, June 30) retrieved 17 August 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-06-fossil-galaxy-discovery-important-history.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
91 shares

Feedback to editors