Turkmenistan plans to close its 'Gateway to Hell'

After a drilling accident in 1971, Soviet scientists set the gas alight to prevent the spread of poisonous gases, thinking it wo
After boring into a cavern in 1971, Soviet scientists feared poisonous gases would be emitted and set it alight, thinking it would burn out quickly.

Turkmenistan's strongman leader has ordered experts to find a way to finally extinguish a massive five-decade old fire in a giant natural gas crater in the Central Asian country, dubbed the "Gateway to Hell".

Citing environmental and , President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov appeared on state television Saturday telling officials to put out the flames at the Darvaza gas crater in the middle of the vast Karakum desert.

In 2010, Berdymukhamedov also ordered experts to find a way to put out the flames that have been burning ever since a Soviet drilling operation went awry in 1971.

President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov said that the man-made crater "negatively affects both the environment and the health of the people living nearby".

"We are losing valuable natural resources for which we could get significant profits and use them for improving the well-being of our people," he said in televised remarks.

Berdymukhamedov instructed officials to "find a solution to extinguish the fire".

The crater was created in 1971 during a Soviet drilling accident that hit a gas cavern, causing the to fall in and the earth to collapse underneath it.

To prevent the dangerous fumes from spreading, the Soviets decided to burn off the gas by setting it on .

The pit has been ablaze ever since and previous attempts to put it out have been unsuccessful.

The resulting —70 metres (229 feet) wide and 20 metres (65 feet) deep—is a popular tourist attraction in the ex-Soviet country.

In 2018, the officially renamed it to the "Shining of Karakum".

© 2022 AFP

Citation: Turkmenistan plans to close its 'Gateway to Hell' (2022, January 8) retrieved 28 November 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-01-turkmenistan-gateway-hell.html
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