Ignoring young people's climate change fears is a recipe for anxiety

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Thousands of school students across Australia are expected to join in the global protest today calling for action on climate change.

This isn't the first time students in Australia have rallied against —many took to the streets in March. But today is expected to be one of the biggest protests as they'll be joined by others, including many workers.

The participation of our is a sign of how seriously they see climate change. As the organizing website says: "We are striking from school to tell our politicians to take our futures seriously and treat climate change for what it is—a crisis."

By the end of this century, on the surface of our planet are predicted to be more than two degrees Celsius or higher than today. The average level of the ocean surface could be more than a meter higher. Such changes will challenge the ways we live now.

There are plenty of evidence-based projections of future climate readily available, such as the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

But then there are denial, skepticism and misconceptions about climate change that confuse people and create unnecessary fear and anxiety, especially in school-age students.

Young people are still developing their ability to critically reason, contextualize and realistically assess risk. They are vulnerable to emotion-charged information and less likely to understand the possible agendas of people with differing ideas.

Fear and anxiety about climate change

Anxiety is a form of fear we experience when a threat is not immediate or catastrophic but has the potential to be so. It can be useful when it mobilizes us to act on a problem.

Two important criteria underpin both fear and anxiety. You find yourself faced with a potentially dangerous situation that appears to be uncontrollable and unpredictable.

Either unpredictability or uncontrollability on their own can lead to a fear or anxiety response. In concert together they form a perfect storm of stress and confusion.

Looking at climate change through this emotional lens, we can certainly see the element of uncontrollability. Some climate scientists and activists believe we have started a that is almost irreversible.

Most are careful not to talk about predictions of future climate and favor model-informed projections. That still gives us an idea of the nature of our future world, at least for most of the rest of this century.

This knowledge encourages the perception that we can control or mitigate certain aspects of climate change. From a human point of view, this brings us some relief.

But the anxiety related to the impending climate change should not be underestimated. Some researchers list it as a top concern for population mental health.

It is therefore not surprising that many of our feel particularly anxious about the impacts of climate change.

On the one hand, teenagers are especially sensitive to fear-based messages as they have a tendency to catastrophize—they imagine the worst possible outcome.

For example, in the last century, it was the threat of a nuclear war that caused anxiety in many children.

Fast forward to today and climate change is seen as the next big threat for future generations.

How to ease the anxiety

Today's school students know they will inherit the fallout of climate change. They will live to see their children and grandchildren doing the same. So they have reason to be concerned, and anxiety may mobilize useful action.

So what can we reasonably say to teens who are feeling shut out of the debate and experiencing heightened anxiety about their future?

Adaptation is one of the most valuable skills of the human species. Understand that we can and must adapt to the impacts of change.

Climate change isn't new so we will need to work together to care for the Earth and one another. Importantly, taking an interest in understanding why and how things happen helps us to manage them (rather than sticking our collective heads in the sand and engaging in denial).

While there is genuine cause for some , a reaction that is out of place or disproportionate to the actual threat serves very little actual purpose other than leaving a person in great distress.

Listening to the valid concerns of school students, and engaging them in discussions about the mitigation and adaptation strategies we will need to adopt, will go some way towards easing their fears and anxieties.

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User comments

Sep 20, 2019
Face it, the purpose of "climate change" is to create fears! Just like worries about the Cold War, "nuclear winter", the "ozone hole", "terrorism". Nobody asks why no one mentions the "ozone hole" anymore, or why "terrorist" incidents such as are seen today occurred before 2001. They don't know that, just because someone in a lab coat says something, it's not necessarily true! They don't even ask about Greta Thunberg having such success in such a short time, when likely many others tried the same but failed, having all the appearance of an engineered swindle.
Face it, so many, if not most, young people have so little real understanding of the world and can be so easily affected by fear that they are dupes. Chemtrails, the government project of doping the atmosphere with weather modification chemicals, producing long, non dissipating vapor lanes from horizon to horizon, lasting an hour or more, are causing the aberrant weather, not "fossil fuels"!

Sep 20, 2019
I am curious to know how many kids expressed their thoughts to actually become a climate scientist or environmental expert to fight this menace.

Instead of requesting those who were kids in the 1970s, today's kids should take the plunge, and I am sure they will take concrete actions when they are middle-aged humans.

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