Related topics: brain · perception · anxiety

Friendships factor into start-up success (and failure)

New research co-authored by Cass Business School academics has found entrepreneurial groups with strong friendship bonds are more likely to persist with a failing venture and escalate financial commitment to it.

Risk factors that predict a dog's fear at the vet

A new study led by researchers from the University of Adelaide has found up to 40 percent of owners report their pet dogs are scared while being examined by a vet while, globally, up to one in seven dogs to show severe or ...

Fearless sea urchins stripping underwater forests

A new study led by The University of Western Australia and the Centre of Advanced Studies of Blanes in Spain has found that sea urchins' fear of predators plays a key role in the health of underwater forests, which are declining ...

From fear of spiders to fascination

It's early in the morning. The buzzer goes off, you switch on the light and immediately panic: a large spider sits on your bedroom wall!

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Fear

Fear is an emotional response to threats and danger. It is a basic survival mechanism occurring in response to a specific stimulus, such as pain or the threat of pain. Psychologists John B. Watson, Robert Plutchik, and Paul Ekman have suggested that fear is one of a small set of basic or innate emotions. This set also includes such emotions as joy, sadness, and anger. Fear should be distinguished from the related emotional state of anxiety, which typically occurs without any external threat. Additionally, fear is related to the specific behaviors of escape and avoidance, whereas anxiety is the result of threats which are perceived to be uncontrollable or unavoidable. Worth noting is that fear always relates to future events, such as worsening of a situation, or continuation of a situation that is unacceptable.

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