When religious ideology drives abortion policy, poor women suffer the consequences

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In Northern Ireland, Catholics and Protestants are frequently segregated, with some neighborhoods divided by barbed wire fences, reflecting deep historical conflicts between the faiths.

Ninety percent of Northern Ireland's 1.87 million people are Christian, with Protestants, once the solid majority there, now slightly outnumbering Catholics. But members of these faiths remain divided decades after a 1997 peace agreement meant to end sectarian violence in the region.

Northern Irish politicians do agree on one thing lately, the New York Times reports: banning .

It is illegal in Northern Ireland to end a pregnancy unless it endangers the mother's life, though 65% of Northern Ireland's population supports abortion. As a result, women who seek abortions typically go to England, where abortion is legal.

But, as my research on cases of low-income abortion patients shows, not everyone can afford abortion expenses. That includes women in the United States, where restrictive abortion laws mean the nearest clinic may be many miles away.

Unaffordable abortion

In one 2017 study, I examined data of over 2,300 patients in Ireland, Northern Ireland and Isle of Man who had received financial assistance from abortion funds, charitable organizations that help people access abortions they can't afford.

Though the Republic of Ireland legalized abortion in May 2018, leaving Northern Ireland as the only nation on the British Isles with an abortion ban, our research took place when abortion was illegal in both nations.

The average abortion expense for our sample was US$585, while patients had on average just $307 at their disposal to pay for the procedure. Eighty-four percent of these abortion-seekers were single, 34% were age 21 or under, and 8% were minors. They had, on average, two children each.

This profile is comparable to that of the almost 4,000 abortion fund service recipients in the United States whose data we also studied. In the U.S., abortion is legal nationally but highly restricted in some states.

We found many similarities between the patients. The American patients had, on average, $422 to contribute to abortions that cost around $1775. They were also young, single parents of two. These American low-income abortion-seekers traveled, on average, 140 miles for their procedure.

Penalizing the poor

Recent changes to U.S. family planning policy highlight another parallel between Northern Ireland and the United States: the influence of religion in reproductive health policy.

In mid-August, Planned Parenthood announced its withdrawal from Title X – a Nixon-era family planning program for low-income patients – due to a new requirement that Title X medical providers cannot also offer abortions.

Title X funds have never been used to pay for abortion services. But by eliminating funding for facilities that offer abortions in addition to other reproductive services, the Trump administration rule may leave millions of low-income Planned Parenthood patients without family planning care.

The new rule is part of an old American effort, promoted by Christian activists and lawmakers, to make legal abortions as difficult as possible to obtain.

The new Title X rule builds on the 1976 Hyde Amendment, which prevents federal dollars from paying for abortion expenses. Low-income women relying on programs like Medicaid for health insurance must pay out-of-pocket for abortion, reallocating money that would otherwise go to food and rent.

While most manage to access a wanted abortion, research shows, some poor American women end up carrying unwanted pregnancies to term against their will.

Many states in the southern U.S. – a conservative region where 76% of residents identify as Christian – require a waiting period of up to three days for patients to "reflect" on abortion decisions. In practice, that means two mandatory in-person trips to the clinic and higher medical costs.

In Tennessee, where there is a 48-hour abortion waiting period, my recent research found that abortion-seekers from the mountainous Appalachian region reported financial and personal strain, as well as problems arranging child care and transportation. Appalachia is a rural, remote region where health care access is already compromised. The 48-hour waiting period likely puts legal abortion out of reach for some.

Religion in health policy

Many nations in Europe can be classified as predominantly Christian, much like the American South and Northern Ireland. But few allow religious ideology to influence their reproductive health laws.

In France, 60% of people identify as Christian, abortion is legal, and 80% of the French support the procedure in all or most circumstances, according to the Pew Research Center.

Legal abortion is similarly acceptable throughout Western Europe, Pew polling finds, with public support at 60% in Portugal, 65% in Italy and 72% in Spain – all majority Catholic nations.

Catholic Ireland, where even condoms used to be banned, recently voted to legalize abortion in the first trimester. The momentous decision was spurred by the death of a 31-year-old woman who was denied an abortion after miscarriage.

Evidence-based policies

Irish voters' willingness to modernize abortion laws against Catholic teaching reflects a reality that my research lays bare: Reproductive health policies based on ideology rather than scientific evidence fail to serve the public.

Studies show that abortion rates across countries are similar regardless of legality. So making abortions illegal or inaccessible generally does not stop women from getting them.

Wealthier abortion patients with adequate resources will overcome costs and other barriers that restrictive abortions law throw in front of them. Poor abortion-seekers are more likely to seek unsafe, even deadly, procedures.

Research from Latin America confirms this. This socially conservative, heavily Catholic region has the world's most restrictive abortion laws. It also has the highest rates of clandestine abortions.

Religious freedom is critical in any free society, and faith provides a vital source of comfort for many people. But evidence shows that religion can be a burden, not a blessing, when it comes to reproductive health.


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Sep 02, 2019
Deceit and misrepresentation characteristic of those promoting abortion by craven whim, the real name for "abortion on demand".
Face it, religious objections to things like thievery, murder also disadvantage the poor who seek to obtain wealth those ways! Just because someone is a disadvantaged doesn't mean that what disadvantages them is necessarily wrong! Those being disadvantaged can be filthy, foul individuals whose being disadvantaged can benefit mankind.
Consider women who contract with "abortion clinics" to get pregnant, wait a few months, then let the abortionist kill the fetus to harvest it for fetal tissue to feed the gigantic, multi billion dollar industry trafficking fetal tissue to places like rejuvenation spas.
Since "abortion clinics" keep no record whatsoever, it is possible for the abortionist to kill a viable, full term infant without the law being able to conventionally find out!

Sep 02, 2019
by eliminating funding for facilities that offer abortions in addition to other reproductive services, the Trump administration rule may leave millions of low-income Planned Parenthood patients without family planning care.

Should read

by refusing to offer contraceptives and other reproductive services without also performing abortions, Planned Parenthood may leave millions of low-income patients without family planning care

There. Fixed it.

The mask has come off Planned Parenthood, revealing that they are not a benevolent organization offering reproductive services, but an abortion mill. Apparently their political view is so rigid that they would rather millions of patients go without reproductive services than stop providing abortions.

Sep 02, 2019
When immorality and greed drives abortion policy: The whole of society suffers.

The recent viable children born and left to starve are only the final indicator of the moral corruption involved, and previously hidden behind 'freedom' and 'choice' arguments.

Sep 02, 2019
Good article.

We have to ask "Cui bono" regarding the Executive gag order regarding abortions being incorporated into Title X funding. It appears that it is a political gain by the Republican party obtained by empowering a religious objection with the force of law, to the economic disadvantage of the poor.

I think it's pure genius that the Executive's staff (not the Executive himself, of course) found a way to make Planned Parenthood withdraw voluntarily from Title X funding, by making that funding rely on a condition that violates Planned Parenthood's non-profit purpose ("... to provide comprehensive reproductive and complementary health care services in settings which preserve and protect the essential privacy and rights of each individual; ...").

If PP had knuckled under, they could have opened themselves up to loss of their 501(c)(3) status. It's good that they didn't fall victim to the "Trump Touch".


Sep 03, 2019
Sigh. And of course the same nations that prohibit planned, safe abortion do the same with planned, safe children by using contraceptives. (Say, here in Sweden the abortion rates are at an all time low due to having access to basic family planning tools.) All in the name of superstitions, that have the audacity to believe themselves "moral".

@EyeNStein:

? Can you rephrase that so it becomes readable for anyone else?

Sep 03, 2019
Not killing babies is a religious ideology and not a moral one? Gotta love liberal ideology and it utter selfishness.

Sep 03, 2019
There is a surefire way to avoid pregnancy, and that is to avoid sexual intercourse. If that is not an option, then there are many artificial methods of avoiding pregnancy by the use of unbreakable condoms and by chemical means. Most pregnancies occur in the 'heat of the moment' when only the pleasure is being felt and enjoyed and any previous thoughts of preventing pregnancy are forgotten.
And there is the option of giving up the newborn for adoption by a loving and caring childless married couple. Quite often it is the grandparents, or just the grandmother who will decide to care for, or adopt the baby so that her daughter can go out to work or continue her studies.
A pregnancy should never be ended in the third trimester when the baby is already a viable human being.

Sep 03, 2019
by eliminating funding for facilities that offer abortions in addition to other reproductive services, the Trump administration rule may leave millions of low-income Planned Parenthood patients without family planning care.

Should read

by refusing to offer contraceptives and other reproductive services without also performing abortions, Planned Parenthood may leave millions of low-income patients without family planning care

There. Fixed it.

The mask has come off Planned Parenthood, revealing that they are not a benevolent organization offering reproductive services, but an abortion mill. Apparently their political view is so rigid that they would rather millions of patients go without reproductive services than stop providing abortions.
says Aksdad

The generations after WW2 have forgotten how there was a certain group, led by Margaret Sanger, who had a mission to encourage the GENOCIDE of mainly Black-Americans by offering abortion services.

Sep 03, 2019
-contd-
Those abortion services became Planned Parenthood, led by Dr. Alan Gutmacher (sp?). That was followed by the encouragement of women who'd had their babies or just prior to the birth, to have an abortion by the abortionist plunging a sharp scissor into the baby's skull into its brain before removing the baby from its mother or just after the baby was born.

Such is the human lack of morality and compassion and caring for the newborns of their own specie. It can be said that humans are no better than the animals of which they believe themselves to be far more superiour. The only difference is that humans don't eat their own young. Presumably.

Sep 03, 2019
https://www.hli.o...-part-i/

There are many websites that provide explanations of the mission of Eugenics that Margaret Sanger encouraged and how her successors have followed her racist proclivities to ensure that far less of the non-White populations of the US and UK, as well as in Europe would survive to become parents themselves. As a result, the fever of being able to have an abortion has also taken hold of White (Caucasian) females, resulting in millions of White children never having been born, or being murdered by abortionists shortly after their birth. This results in the White populations of the Earth dwindling down, down and non-White population growth growing ever higher.
There are those who like the idea of less population growth of Whites, and they are entitled to their opinions, of course.

Sep 03, 2019
"Mother Teresa, Hitchens said, wasn't a friend of the poor, but "of poverty". Here's the passage where he elaborates on this idea.

"She spent her life opposing the only known cure for poverty, which is the empowerment of women and the emancipation of them from a livestock version of compulsory reproduction."
Not killing babies is a religious ideology and not a moral one? Gotta love liberal ideology and it utter selfishness
Forcing women to make babies until it kills them is religions version of morality. Reproductive aggression is the single greatest cause of overpopulation, which means it is the cause of most poverty, conflict, suffering, starvation, ecological ruination, and exploitation.

The ONE BILLION ABORTIONS since roe v wade were necessary to counter overpopulation, no matter what youve been led to believe. The reduction of the worlds pops by 1/3 to 1/2 is proof of this.

Without religion, ABORTION would be rare. Religion is responsible for ABORTION.

Sep 03, 2019
The pussytarded stammers
There are many websites that provide explanations of the mission of Eugenics that Margaret Sanger encouraged
Sanger also supported the sterilization of the feeble-minded and the mentally defective, which is really why you oppose eugenics isnt it?
many artificial methods of avoiding pregnancy by the use of unbreakable condoms and by chemical means
Im sure youve tried coca cola douche? But someone should have told you that its virtually impossible to get pregnant from appliances. Or maybe its the thrill of the fizz...

Sep 03, 2019
SpookyOtto the Nazi hater of humanity vomits his stock phrase of "Forcing women to make babies until it kills them", completely ignoring and forgetting that women have to go through MENOPAUSE at various ages where they can no longer conceive, no matter how much sexual intercourse they enjoy. Otto habitually posts the same tired old boring comments year after year, about women and the same tired old bullshlt about Tribal Dynamics, thinking that these two themes will make all the readers think that Otto is so full of wisdom and knows more than anyone else.

Such false pride in oneself is Otto's undoing, besides all of his past sins that are recorded, and for which he will pay when we take his already damned soul up to where it will burn with horrible pain for all eternity. Otto's alleged 'ghost' will find out soon enough that we don't make deals.

Sep 03, 2019
"Mother Teresa, Hitchens said, wasn't a friend of the poor, but "of poverty". Here's the passage where he elaborates on this idea.
says Otto'sghost

It was asserted that Christopher Hitchens, dead at 62, had been contemplating a conversion to Christianity after finding out that he was dying of esophageal cancer.

https://www.nytim...sts.html

Hitchens, of course, had a lifetime of raking the Christian religion over the coals, and laughing at the very idea of an unseen unphysical Creator God, so that at his last breath, his soul that he doubted all of his life that he had was taken from his lifeless body and brought to the hellfire that was his reward, and there he remains for eternity in suffering agony as though he were still flesh.

You shall have the same reward, Otto, I promise you that. Go on living your life as always - racking up the score which will be your accounting. LOL

yep
Sep 04, 2019
Abortions stop unwanted babies from growing up and becoming criminals. This was shown statistically in the book Freakanomics.
Don't belive in abortions don't have one. If your a man stfu, go adopt one of the thousands of unwanted children you can help.

Hitchens contemplating conversion is a load of crap.
"Doubtless the willingness of believers to go further and invent conversions where none existed satisfies their infantile need for fairytale endings. But when they recite falsehoods over the corpses of Paine, Darwin and now Hitchens they move from the extremely seedy to the outright creepy: from vultures to vampires." Nick Cohen

Sep 04, 2019
Albert Einstein was said to be an atheist, although he hated that designation of himself.
He had a 'cosmic religion' that precluded a Creator that was concerned with the affairs of humans. In that, he was correct. The human animal has a certain type of freedom which other animals haven't, and each human has a choice to make, or none at all. A Deity who is distantly involved with the human makes it far easier for humans to make their mistakes and pay for such mistakes while alive. But the humans who make the most egregious mistakes (such as murder, etc.) have called attention to themselves, so that their "sins" have to be accounted for. For each such sin, the future changes. Someone has been murdered, the future has changed. It is these changes that are a breach in the Natural Order of the Universe, and must be punished.

https://www.thegu...hristies

Albert now knows the Truth

Sep 04, 2019
Hitchens contemplating conversion is a load of crap.
"Doubtless the willingness of believers to go further and invent conversions where none existed satisfies their infantile need for fairytale endings. But when they recite falsehoods over the corpses of Paine, Darwin and now Hitchens they move from the extremely seedy to the outright creepy: from vultures to vampires." Nick Cohen
says yep

All well and good. Those who are unbelievers in the Creator God may continue to be true to their disbelief/unbelief. You all have the options to believe anything you wish, according to your own Philosophy.
But apparently Hitchens was enquiring about religion, not necessarily of belief in God. There are many manmade religions, so that it is unknown which one he may have been interested in.
The fact is that Hitchens knew that he was dying of cancer, and may have been frightened. His self-indulgence as a leader of the atheists was to be no more. He must have been extremely frustrated.

Sep 04, 2019
THE GOD LETTER

Dear Mr Gutkind,

Inspired by Brouwer's repeated suggestion
I read a great deal in your book
and thank you very much for lending it to me
What struck me was this
with regard to the factual attitude to life
and to the human community we have a great deal in common
Your personal ideal with its striving for freedom from ego-oriented desires
for making life beautiful and noble
with an emphasis on the purely human element
This unites us as having an unAmerican attitude

Still, without Brouwer's suggestion
I would never have gotten myself to engage intensively with your book
because it is written in a language inaccessible to me
The word God is for me nothing more than the expression
and product of human weakness
the Bible a collection of honourable
but still purely primitive
legends which are nevertheless pretty childish
No interpretation
no matter how subtle
can change this for me
A Einstein

http://www.letter...ess.html

Sep 04, 2019
THE GOD LETTER

Dear Mr Gutkind,

.....The word God is for me nothing more than the expression
and product of human weakness
the Bible a collection of honourable
but still purely primitive
legends which are nevertheless pretty childish
No interpretation
no matter how subtle
can change this for me
A Einstein


And yet Albert Einstein found it necessary to flee from Nazi Germany (to save his skin from being made into a lampshade) since he was a Jew. The fact that he fled from his homeland might suggest a bit of "human weakness" all his own.
But all humans with a Mind are free to believe or disbelieve, and Albert was no exception.

Sep 04, 2019
So, it's the poor women who suffer the consequences of their actions.
Really?
How about the poor children they are forced to bring into this world?

Sep 05, 2019
So, it's the poor women who suffer the consequences of their actions.
Really?
How about the poor children they are forced to bring into this world?
says antigoracle

Perhaps you haven't heard of Dr. Ben Carson. He and his brother were born in Detroit, Michigan and lived with their mum after their father ran off to marry another woman and had another family, leaving his 2 sons and their mum to fend for themselves. Being dirt poor and with no alimony, she had to work 2 jobs to raise her 2 sons. Her older son, Benjamin was encouraged to excel in school. He later graduated from the University of Michigan.
From Wiki: "
Please look up Dr. Benjamin Solomon Carson on Wiki.
I can't seem to copy and paste his biography here.

Sep 05, 2019
There are many other humans who were born into very poor circumstances, and yet were able to lift themselves and their families out of poverty, often graduating from University and making something good of themselves.
It is possible to rise out of poverty, but abortion is forever.

Sep 06, 2019
Deceit and misrepresentation characteristic of those promoting abortion by craven whim, the real name for "abortion on demand".
Face it, religious objections to things like thievery, murder also disadvantage the poor who seek to... because someone is a disadvantaged doesn't mean that what disadvantages them is necessarily wrong! Those being disadvantaged can be filthy, foul individuals whose being disadvantaged can benefit mankind.
Consider women who contract with "abortion clinics" to get pregnant, wait a few months, then let the abortionist kill the fetus to harvest it for fetal tissue to feed the gigantic, multi billion dollar industry trafficking fetal tissue to places like rejuvenation spas.
Since "abortion clinics" keep no record..., it is possible for the abortionist to kill a viable, full term infant without the law being able to conventionally find out!
says julianPenrod

It is the murder of the innocents and there will be hell to pay for it.

Sep 06, 2019
This Sorry World

another world
another place
but still a world
that is still a world
that is in this place
a world that is
a sorry world
a world of strife
a world of worry
a world of poverty
a world of preying on these necessities
necessities of these worldly living
these barely worldly living
a world of yet to be born living

This Sorry World

Sep 06, 2019
Perhaps you haven't heard of Dr. Ben Carson. He and his brother were born in Detroit... lived with their mum... will be hell to pay for it
Note how the fake brit is always referencing esoteric American culture and American history while using phoney brit catchphrases and spellings intermittently and wrongly? I can imagine she's even talking to herself with a brit accent while she's typing.

We already know who you are pussytard. You're too dumb to pretend to be someone else.

Sep 14, 2019
So, it's the poor women who suffer the consequences of their actions.
Really?
How about the poor children they are forced to bring into this world?
says antigoracle

Perhaps you haven't heard of Dr. Ben Carson. ......

Seriously SEU, if ever there was a concrete argument to be made in support of abortion, it would be Ben Carson. In fact, the constitution should be amended with the Abort all Ben Carsons, amendment. Post haste.

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